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Medications for High Blood Pressure (Hypertension)

Other names: Drug-Induced Hypertension

What is High Blood Pressure: 

Hypertension means high blood pressure. This generally means:

  • systolic blood pressure is consistently over 140 (systolic is the "top" number of your blood pressure measurement, which represents the pressure generated when the heart beats)
  • diastolic blood pressure is consistently over 90 (diastolic is the "bottom" number of your blood pressure measurement, which represents the pressure in the vessels when the heart is at rest)

Either or both of these numbers may be too high.

Pre-hypertension is when your systolic blood pressure is between 120 and 139 or your diastolic blood pressure is between 80 and 89 on multiple readings. If you have pre-hypertension, you are likely to develop high blood pressure at some point. Therefore, your doctor will recommend lifestyle changes to bring your blood pressure down to normal range.

Compare drugs associated with High Blood Pressure

The following list of medications are in some way related to, or used in the treatment of this condition.

Drug name Rx / OTC Pregnancy CSA Alcohol Reviews Rating Popularity
lisinopril Rx D N 341 reviews
5.0

Generic name: lisinopril systemic

Brand names:  Prinivil, Zestril, Qbrelis

Drug class: angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: A-Z Drug Facts, AHFS DI Monograph, Prescribing Information

 
amlodipine Rx C N 213 reviews
5.0

Generic name: amlodipine systemic

Brand name:  Norvasc

Drug class: calcium channel blocking agents

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: A-Z Drug Facts, AHFS DI Monograph, Prescribing Information

 
Benicar Rx D N 89 reviews
7.0

Generic name: olmesartan systemic

Drug class: angiotensin receptor blockers

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: Prescribing Information

 
Norvasc Rx C N 62 reviews
4.0

Generic name: amlodipine systemic

Drug class: calcium channel blocking agents

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: AHFS DI Monograph, Prescribing Information

 
losartan Rx D N 201 reviews
5.0

Generic name: losartan systemic

Brand name:  Cozaar

Drug class: angiotensin receptor blockers

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: A-Z Drug Facts, AHFS DI Monograph, Prescribing Information

 
Metoprolol Succinate ER Rx C N X 12 reviews
7.0

Generic name: metoprolol systemic

Drug class: cardioselective beta blockers

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

 
metoprolol Rx C N X 132 reviews
6.0

Generic name: metoprolol systemic

Brand names:  Metoprolol Succinate ER, Lopressor, Metoprolol Tartrate, Toprol-XL

Drug class: cardioselective beta blockers

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: A-Z Drug Facts, AHFS DI Monograph, Prescribing Information

 
hydrochlorothiazide Rx B N X 94 reviews
5.0

Generic name: hydrochlorothiazide systemic

Brand names:  Aquazide H, Esidrix, Microzide

Drug class: thiazide diuretics

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: A-Z Drug Facts, AHFS DI Monograph, Prescribing Information

 
Avapro Rx D N 30 reviews
5.0

Generic name: irbesartan systemic

Drug class: angiotensin receptor blockers

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: AHFS DI Monograph, Prescribing Information

 
Cozaar Rx D N 48 reviews
6.0

Generic name: losartan systemic

Drug class: angiotensin receptor blockers

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: AHFS DI Monograph, Prescribing Information

 
Diovan Rx D N 55 reviews
6.0

Generic name: valsartan systemic

Drug class: angiotensin receptor blockers

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: Prescribing Information

 
atenolol Rx D N X 83 reviews
7.0

Generic name: atenolol systemic

Brand name:  Tenormin

Drug class: cardioselective beta blockers

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: A-Z Drug Facts, AHFS DI Monograph, Prescribing Information

 
Bystolic Rx C N X 132 reviews
7.0

Generic name: nebivolol systemic

Drug class: cardioselective beta blockers

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: AHFS DI Monograph, Prescribing Information

 
Lopressor Rx C N X 8 reviews
6.0

Generic name: metoprolol systemic

Drug class: cardioselective beta blockers

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: Prescribing Information

 
Metoprolol Tartrate Rx C N X 3 reviews
5.0

Generic name: metoprolol systemic

Drug class: cardioselective beta blockers

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: AHFS DI Monograph

 
Lasix Rx C N X 5 reviews
7.0

Generic name: furosemide systemic

Drug class: loop diuretics

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: AHFS DI Monograph, Prescribing Information

 
Vasotec Rx D N Add review
9.0

Generic name: enalapril systemic

Drug class: angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: AHFS DI Monograph, Prescribing Information

 
Maxzide Rx C N X 3 reviews
9.0

Generic name: hydrochlorothiazide / triamterene systemic

Drug class: potassium sparing diuretics with thiazides

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: Prescribing Information

 
Prinivil Rx D N 9 reviews
5.0

Generic name: lisinopril systemic

Drug class: angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: Prescribing Information

 
Toprol-XL Rx C N X 26 reviews
7.0

Generic name: metoprolol systemic

Drug class: cardioselective beta blockers

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: Prescribing Information

 
Zestril Rx D N 11 reviews
7.0

Generic name: lisinopril systemic

Drug class: angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: Prescribing Information

 
furosemide Rx C N X 7 reviews
7.0

Generic name: furosemide systemic

Brand name:  Lasix

Drug class: loop diuretics

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: A-Z Drug Facts, AHFS DI Monograph, Prescribing Information

 
carvedilol Rx C N X 47 reviews
4.0

Generic name: carvedilol systemic

Brand names:  Coreg, Coreg CR

Drug class: non-cardioselective beta blockers

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: A-Z Drug Facts, AHFS DI Monograph, Prescribing Information

 
Diovan HCT Rx D N X 17 reviews
6.0

Generic name: hydrochlorothiazide / valsartan systemic

Drug class: angiotensin II inhibitors with thiazides

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: Prescribing Information

 
hydrochlorothiazide / lisinopril Rx D N X 43 reviews
7.0

Generic name: hydrochlorothiazide / lisinopril systemic

Brand names:  Zestoretic, Prinzide

Drug class: ACE inhibitors with thiazides

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: A-Z Drug Facts, Prescribing Information

 
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Topics under High Blood Pressure

Alternative treatments for High Blood Pressure

The following products are considered to be alternative treatments or natural remedies for High Blood Pressure. Their efficacy may not have been scientifically tested to the same degree as the drugs listed in the table above. However there may be historical, cultural or anecdotal evidence linking their use to the treatment of High Blood Pressure.

Learn more about High Blood Pressure (Hypertension)

Legend

Off Label This medication may not be approved by the FDA for the treatment of this condition.
Prescription Only / Over the Counter
Rx Prescription Only
OTC Over the Counter
Rx/OTC Prescription or Over the Counter
Pregnancy
A Adequate and well-controlled studies have failed to demonstrate a risk to the fetus in the first trimester of pregnancy (and there is no evidence of risk in later trimesters).
B Animal reproduction studies have failed to demonstrate a risk to the fetus and there are no adequate and well-controlled studies in pregnant women.
C Animal reproduction studies have shown an adverse effect on the fetus and there are no adequate and well-controlled studies in humans, but potential benefits may warrant use in pregnant women despite potential risks.
D There is positive evidence of human fetal risk based on adverse reaction data from investigational or marketing experience or studies in humans, but potential benefits may warrant use in pregnant women despite potential risks.
X Studies in animals or humans have demonstrated fetal abnormalities and/or there is positive evidence of human fetal risk based on adverse reaction data from investigational or marketing experience, and the risks involved in use in pregnant women clearly outweigh potential benefits.
N FDA has not classified the drug.
Controlled Substances Act Schedule
N Is not subject to the Controlled Substances Act.
1 Has a high potential for abuse. Has no currently accepted medical use in treatment in the United States. There is a lack of accepted safety for use under medical supervision.
2 Has a high potential for abuse. Has a currently accepted medical use in treatment in the United States or a currently accepted medical use with severe restrictions. Abuse may lead to severe psychological or physical dependence.
3 Has a potential for abuse less than those in schedules 1 and 2. Has a currently accepted medical use in treatment in the United States. Abuse may lead to moderate or low physical dependence or high psychological dependence.
4 Has a low potential for abuse relative to those in schedule 3. It has a currently accepted medical use in treatment in the United States. Abuse may lead to limited physical dependence or psychological dependence relative to those in schedule 3.
5 Has a low potential for abuse relative to those in schedule 4. Has a currently accepted medical use in treatment in the United States. Abuse may lead to limited physical dependence or psychological dependence relative to those in schedule 4.
Alcohol
X Interacts with Alcohol.

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