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Medications for Hypertensive Emergency

About Hypertensive Emergency:  A Hypertensive Emergency is a sudden spike in blood pressure to 180/120 or higher, and is a medical emergency. It could lead to organ damage or be life-threatening.

Drugs Used to Treat Hypertensive Emergency

The following list of medications are in some way related to, or used in the treatment of this condition.

Drug name Rx / OTC Pregnancy CSA Alcohol Reviews Rating Popularity
clonidine Off Label C N X 8 reviews
7.0

Generic name: clonidine systemic

Drug class: antiadrenergic agents, centrally acting

For consumers: dosage, interactions,

For professionals: A-Z Drug Facts, AHFS DI Monograph, Prescribing Information

Off Label: Yes

hydralazine C N 1 review
9.0

Generic name: hydralazine systemic

Brand name:  Apresoline

Drug class: vasodilators

For consumers: dosage, interactions,

For professionals: A-Z Drug Facts, AHFS DI Monograph, Prescribing Information

Vasotec D N Add review Rate

Generic name: enalapril systemic

Drug class: Angiotensin Converting Enzyme Inhibitors

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: AHFS DI Monograph, Prescribing Information

enalapril D N 1 review
9.0

Generic name: enalapril systemic

Brand name:  Vasotec

Drug class: Angiotensin Converting Enzyme Inhibitors

For consumers: dosage, interactions,

For professionals: A-Z Drug Facts, AHFS DI Monograph, Prescribing Information

Apresoline C N Add review Rate

Generic name: hydralazine systemic

Drug class: vasodilators

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: Prescribing Information

Capoten D N Add review
5.0

Generic name: captopril systemic

Drug class: Angiotensin Converting Enzyme Inhibitors

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: Prescribing Information

nifedipine C N 1 review
9.0

Generic name: nifedipine systemic

Drug class: calcium channel blocking agents

For consumers: dosage, interactions,

For professionals: A-Z Drug Facts, AHFS DI Monograph, Prescribing Information

captopril D N Add review
5.0

Generic name: captopril systemic

Brand name:  Capoten

Drug class: Angiotensin Converting Enzyme Inhibitors

For consumers: dosage, interactions,

For professionals: A-Z Drug Facts, AHFS DI Monograph, Prescribing Information

labetalol C N X Add review Rate

Generic name: labetalol systemic

Brand names:  Trandate, Normodyne

Drug class: non-cardioselective beta blockers

For consumers: dosage, interactions,

For professionals: A-Z Drug Facts, AHFS DI Monograph, Prescribing Information

Nitropress C N Add review Rate

Generic name: nitroprusside systemic

Drug class: agents for hypertensive emergencies, vasodilators

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: AHFS DI Monograph, Prescribing Information

nitroprusside C N Add review Rate

Generic name: nitroprusside systemic

Brand names:  Nitropress, Nipride RTU

Drug class: agents for hypertensive emergencies, vasodilators

For consumers: dosage, interactions,

For professionals: A-Z Drug Facts, AHFS DI Monograph, Prescribing Information

Trandate C N X Add review Rate

Generic name: labetalol systemic

Drug class: non-cardioselective beta blockers

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: Prescribing Information

methyldopa C N 1 review
5.0

Generic name: methyldopa systemic

Drug class: antiadrenergic agents, centrally acting

For consumers: dosage, interactions,

For professionals: A-Z Drug Facts, AHFS DI Monograph, Prescribing Information

Normodyne C N X Add review Rate

Generic name: labetalol systemic

Drug class: non-cardioselective beta blockers

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

Corlopam B N X Add review Rate

Generic name: fenoldopam systemic

Drug class: agents for hypertensive emergencies

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: AHFS DI Monograph, Prescribing Information

Hyperstat C N Add review Rate

Generic name: diazoxide systemic

Drug class: agents for hypertensive emergencies, glucose elevating agents

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: Prescribing Information

diazoxide C N Add review Rate

Generic name: diazoxide systemic

Brand names:  Hyperstat, Proglycem

Drug class: agents for hypertensive emergencies, glucose elevating agents

For consumers: dosage, interactions,

For professionals: A-Z Drug Facts, AHFS DI Monograph

Cleviprex C N X Add review Rate

Generic name: clevidipine systemic

Drug class: calcium channel blocking agents

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: AHFS DI Monograph, Prescribing Information

fenoldopam B N X Add review Rate

Generic name: fenoldopam systemic

Brand name:  Corlopam

Drug class: agents for hypertensive emergencies

For consumers: interactions,

For professionals: A-Z Drug Facts, AHFS DI Monograph, Prescribing Information

Proglycem C N Add review Rate

Generic name: diazoxide systemic

Drug class: agents for hypertensive emergencies, glucose elevating agents

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: AHFS DI Monograph, Prescribing Information

clevidipine C N X Add review Rate

Generic name: clevidipine systemic

Brand name:  Cleviprex

Drug class: calcium channel blocking agents

For consumers: dosage, interactions,

For professionals: A-Z Drug Facts, AHFS DI Monograph

Nipride RTU C N Add review Rate

Generic name: nitroprusside systemic

Drug class: agents for hypertensive emergencies, vasodilators

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: Prescribing Information

Legend

Off Label This medication may not be approved by the FDA for the treatment of this condition.
Prescription Only / Over the Counter
Rx Prescription Only
OTC Over the Counter
Rx/OTC Prescription or Over the Counter
Pregnancy
A Adequate and well-controlled studies have failed to demonstrate a risk to the fetus in the first trimester of pregnancy (and there is no evidence of risk in later trimesters).
B Animal reproduction studies have failed to demonstrate a risk to the fetus and there are no adequate and well-controlled studies in pregnant women.
C Animal reproduction studies have shown an adverse effect on the fetus and there are no adequate and well-controlled studies in humans, but potential benefits may warrant use in pregnant women despite potential risks.
D There is positive evidence of human fetal risk based on adverse reaction data from investigational or marketing experience or studies in humans, but potential benefits may warrant use in pregnant women despite potential risks.
X Studies in animals or humans have demonstrated fetal abnormalities and/or there is positive evidence of human fetal risk based on adverse reaction data from investigational or marketing experience, and the risks involved in use in pregnant women clearly outweigh potential benefits.
N FDA has not classified the drug.
Controlled Substances Act Schedule
N Is not subject to the Controlled Substances Act.
1 Has a high potential for abuse. Has no currently accepted medical use in treatment in the United States. There is a lack of accepted safety for use under medical supervision.
2 Has a high potential for abuse. Has a currently accepted medical use in treatment in the United States or a currently accepted medical use with severe restrictions. Abuse may lead to severe psychological or physical dependence.
3 Has a potential for abuse less than those in schedules 1 and 2. Has a currently accepted medical use in treatment in the United States. Abuse may lead to moderate or low physical dependence or high psychological dependence.
4 Has a low potential for abuse relative to those in schedule 3. It has a currently accepted medical use in treatment in the United States. Abuse may lead to limited physical dependence or psychological dependence relative to those in schedule 3.
5 Has a low potential for abuse relative to those in schedule 4. Has a currently accepted medical use in treatment in the United States. Abuse may lead to limited physical dependence or psychological dependence relative to those in schedule 4.
Alcohol
X Interacts with Alcohol.

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