Medications for Back Pain
Other names: Backache; Degenerative Disc Disease; Pain, back; Slipped Disc
Back pain treatment options depend on the type and cause of the pain. They include:
- Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) taken by mouth (orally): Examples include ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin), diclofenac, or naproxen (Aleve) to reduce pain, swelling, and inflammation
- Topical NSAIDs: such as diclofenac gel or patches
- Acetaminophen: suitable for those who cannot tolerate NSAIDs or have stomach issues
- Topical rubs, creams, or salves, such as those that contain methyl salicylate (Arthricare, Exocaine Plus), capsaicin, lidocaine, and menthol (LidoStream, Veltrix), or combinations of these. These deliver pain relief through the skin
- Combination medications: such as acetaminophen/aspirin
- Muscle Relaxants: Prescription medications like cyclobenzaprine (Flexeril) or diazepam may be recommended for certain types of back pain (see skeletal muscle relaxants) but sedation and dizziness are common side effects
- Neuropathic Drugs: Such as gabapentin, pregabalin, duloxetine, venlafaxine, or tricyclic antidepressants can reduce nerve-related chronic back pain
- Cortisone Injections: May be considered if oral medications don't improve pain. This involves injecting corticosteroids such as methylprednisolone (Depo-Medrol) around nerves
- Narcotics (Opioids) (last resort only): Short-term use of opioids like oxycodone or hydrocodone should be considered under close supervision as a last resort only if other options are ineffective, but potential side effects and a high risk of addiction exist.
Drugs used to treat Back Pain
The following list of medications are in some way related to or used in the treatment of this condition.
Frequently asked questions
- How to sleep while taking Cymbalta?
- Meloxicam vs Ibuprofen, what's the difference?
- Aleve vs Ibuprofen: What's the difference?
- Naproxen vs ibuprofen: What's the difference?
- Can you take ibuprofen on an empty stomach?
- Can you take expired ibuprofen?
- Can you drink alcohol with ibuprofen?
- Can you take tramadol with acetaminophen, ibuprofen, or aspirin?
- Can you overdose on ibuprofen?
Learn more about Back Pain
- Pain Management: Types of Pain and Treatment Options
- Tramadol - Top 8 Things You Need to Know
- Understanding Opioid (Narcotic) Pain Medications
Symptoms and treatments
|Rating||For ratings, users were asked how effective they found the medicine while considering positive/adverse effects and ease of use (1 = not effective, 10 = most effective).|
|Activity||Activity is based on recent site visitor activity relative to other medications in the list.|
|Rx/OTC||Prescription or Over-the-counter.|
|Off-label||This medication may not be approved by the FDA for the treatment of this condition.|
|EUA||An Emergency Use Authorization (EUA) allows the FDA to authorize unapproved medical products or unapproved uses of approved medical products to be used in a declared public health emergency when there are no adequate, approved, and available alternatives.|
|Expanded Access||Expanded Access is a potential pathway for a patient with a serious or immediately life-threatening disease or condition to gain access to an investigational medical product (drug, biologic, or medical device) for treatment outside of clinical trials when no comparable or satisfactory alternative therapy options are available.|
|A||Adequate and well-controlled studies have failed to demonstrate a risk to the fetus in the first trimester of pregnancy (and there is no evidence of risk in later trimesters).|
|B||Animal reproduction studies have failed to demonstrate a risk to the fetus and there are no adequate and well-controlled studies in pregnant women.|
|C||Animal reproduction studies have shown an adverse effect on the fetus and there are no adequate and well-controlled studies in humans, but potential benefits may warrant use in pregnant women despite potential risks.|
|D||There is positive evidence of human fetal risk based on adverse reaction data from investigational or marketing experience or studies in humans, but potential benefits may warrant use in pregnant women despite potential risks.|
|X||Studies in animals or humans have demonstrated fetal abnormalities and/or there is positive evidence of human fetal risk based on adverse reaction data from investigational or marketing experience, and the risks involved in use in pregnant women clearly outweigh potential benefits.|
|N||FDA has not classified the drug.|
|Controlled Substances Act (CSA) Schedule|
|M||The drug has multiple schedules. The schedule may depend on the exact dosage form or strength of the medication.|
|U||CSA Schedule is unknown.|
|N||Is not subject to the Controlled Substances Act.|
|1||Has a high potential for abuse. Has no currently accepted medical use in treatment in the United States. There is a lack of accepted safety for use under medical supervision.|
|2||Has a high potential for abuse. Has a currently accepted medical use in treatment in the United States or a currently accepted medical use with severe restrictions. Abuse may lead to severe psychological or physical dependence.|
|3||Has a potential for abuse less than those in schedules 1 and 2. Has a currently accepted medical use in treatment in the United States. Abuse may lead to moderate or low physical dependence or high psychological dependence.|
|4||Has a low potential for abuse relative to those in schedule 3. It has a currently accepted medical use in treatment in the United States. Abuse may lead to limited physical dependence or psychological dependence relative to those in schedule 3.|
|5||Has a low potential for abuse relative to those in schedule 4. Has a currently accepted medical use in treatment in the United States. Abuse may lead to limited physical dependence or psychological dependence relative to those in schedule 4.|
|X||Interacts with Alcohol.|
Always consult your healthcare provider to ensure the information displayed on this page applies to your personal circumstances.