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Antitussives

What are Antitussives?

Antitussives are medicines that suppress coughing, also known as cough suppressants. Antitussives are thought to work by inhibiting a coordinating region for coughing located in the brain stem, disrupting the cough reflex arc; although the exact mechanism of action is unknown.

However, their use is not without controversy and they should only be considered for dry, irritating coughs that do not involve mucus production. Suppressing productive or mucus-producing coughs caused by some respiratory diseases with antitussives may be hazardous. Many viral coughs are best treated by increasing fluid intake and exposing the airways to humidity.

Many antitussives, including pholcodine, codeine, and dextromethorphan, are derived from opioids. Pholcodine and codeine may cause drowsiness and constipation and codeine may be addictive. Dextromethorphan can increase serotonin levels and may interact with other medicines that also increase serotonin. Benzonatate is an nonnarcotic antitussive that anesthetizes certain receptors located in the breathing passages, reducing the urge to cough.

Although antitussives have been shown to be effective in adults, their effectiveness in children has not been established and their use in children should be discouraged.

List of Antitussives:

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Drug Name Reviews Avg. Ratings
Zonatuss (Pro)
generic name: benzonatate
0 reviews
   
10
Buckleys Mixture
generic name: dextromethorphan
2 reviews
   
7.5
Benylin DM
generic name: dextromethorphan
1 review
   
6.7
Tessalon Perles
generic name: benzonatate
81 reviews
   
6.6
Tessalon (Pro)
generic name: benzonatate
22 reviews
   
6.5
Vicks Formula 44
generic name: dextromethorphan
1 review
   
5.0
Delsym 12 Hour Cough Relief
generic name: dextromethorphan
17 reviews
   
4.7
Robitussin CoughGels Long-Acting
generic name: dextromethorphan
2 reviews
   
4.3
Delsym
generic name: dextromethorphan
152 reviews
   
3.3
Babee Cof
generic name: dextromethorphan
0 reviewsAdd rating
Creomulsion
generic name: dextromethorphan
0 reviewsAdd rating
DexAlone
generic name: dextromethorphan
0 reviewsAdd rating
ElixSure Cough
generic name: dextromethorphan
0 reviewsAdd rating
Hold
generic name: dextromethorphan
0 reviewsAdd rating
PediaCare Children's Long-Acting Cough
generic name: dextromethorphan
0 reviewsAdd rating
Robafen Cough Liquidgels
generic name: dextromethorphan
0 reviewsAdd rating
Scot-Tussin Diabetes
generic name: dextromethorphan
0 reviewsAdd rating
Silphen DM
generic name: dextromethorphan
0 reviewsAdd rating
St. Joseph Cough Suppressant
generic name: dextromethorphan
0 reviewsAdd rating
Sucrets Cough
generic name: dextromethorphan
0 reviewsAdd rating
Triaminic Long Acting Cough
generic name: dextromethorphan
0 reviewsAdd rating
Vicks Dayquil Cough
generic name: dextromethorphan
0 reviewsAdd rating

Further information

Always consult your healthcare provider to ensure the information displayed on this page applies to your personal circumstances.

See Also

Medical conditions associated with antitussives:

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