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Medications for Epilepsy

About Epilepsy:  Epilepsy is a brain disorder involving recurrent seizures.

Drugs Used to Treat Epilepsy

The following list of medications are in some way related to, or used in the treatment of this condition.

Drug name Rx / OTC Pregnancy CSA Alcohol Reviews Rating Popularity
Keppra C N X 54 reviews
5.0

Generic name: levetiracetam systemic

Drug class: pyrrolidine anticonvulsants

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: AHFS DI Monograph, Prescribing Information

levetiracetam C N X 87 reviews
6.0

Generic name: levetiracetam systemic

Brand names:  Keppra, Keppra XR, Spritam, Roweepra, Roweepra XR …show all

Drug class: pyrrolidine anticonvulsants

For consumers: dosage, interactions,

For professionals: A-Z Drug Facts, AHFS DI Monograph, Prescribing Information

carbamazepine D N X 61 reviews
6.0

Generic name: carbamazepine systemic

Brand names:  Tegretol, Carbatrol, Tegretol XR, Epitol, Carnexiv …show all

Drug class: dibenzazepine anticonvulsants

For consumers: dosage, interactions,

For professionals: A-Z Drug Facts, AHFS DI Monograph, Prescribing Information

Depakote D N X 40 reviews
6.0

Generic name: divalproex sodium systemic

Drug class: fatty acid derivative anticonvulsants

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: Prescribing Information

Dilantin D N X 23 reviews
6.0

Generic name: phenytoin systemic

Drug class: hydantoin anticonvulsants, group I antiarrhythmics

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: Prescribing Information

gabapentin C N X 11 reviews
6.0

Generic name: gabapentin systemic

Brand names:  Neurontin, Fanatrex

Drug class: gamma-aminobutyric acid analogs

For consumers: dosage, interactions,

For professionals: A-Z Drug Facts, AHFS DI Monograph, Prescribing Information

Tegretol D N X 30 reviews
6.0

Generic name: carbamazepine systemic

Drug class: dibenzazepine anticonvulsants

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: Prescribing Information

Carbatrol D N X 8 reviews
8.0

Generic name: carbamazepine systemic

Drug class: dibenzazepine anticonvulsants

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: Prescribing Information

Neurontin C N X 4 reviews
6.0

Generic name: gabapentin systemic

Drug class: gamma-aminobutyric acid analogs

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: AHFS DI Monograph, Prescribing Information

divalproex sodium D N X 59 reviews
6.0

Generic name: divalproex sodium systemic

Brand names:  Depakote, Depakote ER, Depakote Sprinkles

Drug class: fatty acid derivative anticonvulsants

For consumers: dosage, interactions,

For professionals: Prescribing Information

lamotrigine C N X 25 reviews
6.0

Generic name: lamotrigine systemic

Brand names:  Lamictal, Lamictal XR, Lamictal CD, Lamictal ODT …show all

Drug class: triazine anticonvulsants

For consumers: dosage, interactions,

For professionals: A-Z Drug Facts, AHFS DI Monograph, Prescribing Information

Depakote ER D N X 15 reviews
7.0

Generic name: divalproex sodium systemic

Drug class: fatty acid derivative anticonvulsants

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: Prescribing Information

Keppra XR C N X 7 reviews
7.0

Generic name: levetiracetam systemic

Drug class: pyrrolidine anticonvulsants

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: Prescribing Information

phenytoin D N X 28 reviews
7.0

Generic name: phenytoin systemic

Brand names:  Dilantin, Phenytoin Sodium, Phenytek

Drug class: hydantoin anticonvulsants, group I antiarrhythmics

For consumers: dosage, interactions,

For professionals: A-Z Drug Facts, AHFS DI Monograph, Prescribing Information

Lyrica C 5 X 4 reviews
5.0

Generic name: pregabalin systemic

Drug class: gamma-aminobutyric acid analogs

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: AHFS DI Monograph, Prescribing Information

Tegretol XR D N X 10 reviews
7.0

Generic name: carbamazepine systemic

Drug class: dibenzazepine anticonvulsants

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

Felbatol C N X 5 reviews
8.0

Generic name: felbamate systemic

Drug class: carbamate anticonvulsants

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: AHFS DI Monograph, Prescribing Information

Lamictal C N X 9 reviews
6.0

Generic name: lamotrigine systemic

Drug class: triazine anticonvulsants

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: AHFS DI Monograph, Prescribing Information

Diamox C N 1 review
9.0

Generic name: acetazolamide systemic

Drug class: carbonic anhydrase inhibitors, carbonic anhydrase inhibitor anticonvulsants

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: AHFS DI Monograph, Prescribing Information

Epitol D N X 3 reviews
5.0

Generic name: carbamazepine systemic

Drug class: dibenzazepine anticonvulsants

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: Prescribing Information

Phenytoin Sodium D N X Add review
8.0

Generic name: phenytoin systemic

Drug class: hydantoin anticonvulsants, group I antiarrhythmics

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: AHFS DI Monograph, Prescribing Information

Cerebyx D N X Add review Rate

Generic name: fosphenytoin systemic

Drug class: hydantoin anticonvulsants

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: Prescribing Information

Trileptal C N X Add review
3.0

Generic name: oxcarbazepine systemic

Drug class: dibenzazepine anticonvulsants

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: AHFS DI Monograph, Prescribing Information

valproic acid D N X 2 reviews
3.0

Generic name: valproic acid systemic

Brand names:  Valproate Sodium, Depakene, Depacon

Drug class: fatty acid derivative anticonvulsants

For consumers: dosage, interactions,

For professionals: A-Z Drug Facts, Prescribing Information

Depakote Sprinkles D N X Add review
1.0

Generic name: divalproex sodium systemic

Drug class: fatty acid derivative anticonvulsants

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: Prescribing Information

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Topics under Epilepsy

Learn more about Epilepsy

Micromedex® Care Notes

Symptoms and treatments

Mayo Clinic Reference

Legend

Off Label This medication may not be approved by the FDA for the treatment of this condition.
Prescription Only / Over the Counter
Rx Prescription Only
OTC Over the Counter
Rx/OTC Prescription or Over the Counter
Pregnancy
A Adequate and well-controlled studies have failed to demonstrate a risk to the fetus in the first trimester of pregnancy (and there is no evidence of risk in later trimesters).
B Animal reproduction studies have failed to demonstrate a risk to the fetus and there are no adequate and well-controlled studies in pregnant women.
C Animal reproduction studies have shown an adverse effect on the fetus and there are no adequate and well-controlled studies in humans, but potential benefits may warrant use in pregnant women despite potential risks.
D There is positive evidence of human fetal risk based on adverse reaction data from investigational or marketing experience or studies in humans, but potential benefits may warrant use in pregnant women despite potential risks.
X Studies in animals or humans have demonstrated fetal abnormalities and/or there is positive evidence of human fetal risk based on adverse reaction data from investigational or marketing experience, and the risks involved in use in pregnant women clearly outweigh potential benefits.
N FDA has not classified the drug.
Controlled Substances Act Schedule
N Is not subject to the Controlled Substances Act.
1 Has a high potential for abuse. Has no currently accepted medical use in treatment in the United States. There is a lack of accepted safety for use under medical supervision.
2 Has a high potential for abuse. Has a currently accepted medical use in treatment in the United States or a currently accepted medical use with severe restrictions. Abuse may lead to severe psychological or physical dependence.
3 Has a potential for abuse less than those in schedules 1 and 2. Has a currently accepted medical use in treatment in the United States. Abuse may lead to moderate or low physical dependence or high psychological dependence.
4 Has a low potential for abuse relative to those in schedule 3. It has a currently accepted medical use in treatment in the United States. Abuse may lead to limited physical dependence or psychological dependence relative to those in schedule 3.
5 Has a low potential for abuse relative to those in schedule 4. Has a currently accepted medical use in treatment in the United States. Abuse may lead to limited physical dependence or psychological dependence relative to those in schedule 4.
Alcohol
X Interacts with Alcohol.

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Further information

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