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Medications for Seizures (Convulsions)

Drugs associated with Seizures

The following drugs and medications are in some way related to, or used in the treatment of this condition.

What is Seizures: A seizure or convulsion can be a sudden, violent, uncontrollable contraction of a group of muscles. A seizure can also be more subtle, consisting of only a brief "loss of contact" or a few moments of what appears to be daydreaming.

Drug name Rx / OTC Pregnancy CSA Alcohol Reviews Rating Popularity
Keppra Rx C N X 109 reviews
6.0

Generic name: levetiracetam systemic

Drug class: pyrrolidine anticonvulsants

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: AHFS DI Monograph, Prescribing Information

 
Dilantin Rx D N X 31 reviews
6.0

Generic name: phenytoin systemic

Drug class: hydantoin anticonvulsants, group I antiarrhythmics

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: Prescribing Information

 
levetiracetam Rx C N X 135 reviews
6.0

Generic name: levetiracetam systemic

Brand names:  Keppra, Keppra XR, Roweepra, Spritam

Drug class: pyrrolidine anticonvulsants

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: A-Z Drug Facts, AHFS DI Monograph, Prescribing Information

 
Trileptal Rx C N X 15 reviews
7.0

Generic name: oxcarbazepine systemic

Drug class: dibenzazepine anticonvulsants

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: AHFS DI Monograph, Prescribing Information

 
Vimpat Rx C 5 68 reviews
6.0

Generic name: lacosamide systemic

Drug class: miscellaneous anticonvulsants

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: AHFS DI Monograph, Prescribing Information

 
phenobarbital Rx D 4 X 7 reviews
9.0

Generic name: phenobarbital systemic

Brand name:  Luminal

Drug class: barbiturates, barbiturate anticonvulsants

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: A-Z Drug Facts, AHFS DI Monograph, Prescribing Information

 
phenytoin Rx D N X 40 reviews
6.0

Generic name: phenytoin systemic

Brand names:  Dilantin, Phenytoin Sodium, Phenytek

Drug class: hydantoin anticonvulsants, group I antiarrhythmics

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: A-Z Drug Facts, AHFS DI Monograph, Prescribing Information

 
Zonegran Rx C N X 25 reviews
7.0

Generic name: zonisamide systemic

Drug class: carbonic anhydrase inhibitor anticonvulsants

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: AHFS DI Monograph, Prescribing Information

 
Diastat Rx D 4 X 1 review
7.0

Generic name: diazepam systemic

Drug class: benzodiazepines, benzodiazepine anticonvulsants

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: Prescribing Information

 
Keppra XR Rx C N X 8 reviews
8.0

Generic name: levetiracetam systemic

Drug class: pyrrolidine anticonvulsants

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: Prescribing Information

 
Valium Rx D 4 X 1 review
9.0

Generic name: diazepam systemic

Drug class: benzodiazepines, benzodiazepine anticonvulsants

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: Prescribing Information

 
diazepam Rx D 4 X 5 reviews
8.0

Generic name: diazepam systemic

Brand names:  Diastat, Valium, Diastat AcuDial, Diazepam Intensol, Diastat Pediatric

Drug class: benzodiazepines, benzodiazepine anticonvulsants

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: A-Z Drug Facts, AHFS DI Monograph, Prescribing Information

 
Mysoline Rx N N X 6 reviews
9.0

Generic name: primidone systemic

Drug class: barbiturate anticonvulsants

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: AHFS DI Monograph, Prescribing Information

 
oxcarbazepine Rx C N X 21 reviews
8.0

Generic name: oxcarbazepine systemic

Brand names:  Trileptal, Oxtellar XR

Drug class: dibenzazepine anticonvulsants

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: A-Z Drug Facts, AHFS DI Monograph, Prescribing Information

 
Depakene Rx D N X 1 review
5.0

Generic name: valproic acid systemic

Drug class: fatty acid derivative anticonvulsants

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: Prescribing Information

 
zonisamide Rx C N X 34 reviews
7.0

Generic name: zonisamide systemic

Brand name:  Zonegran

Drug class: carbonic anhydrase inhibitor anticonvulsants

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: A-Z Drug Facts, AHFS DI Monograph, Prescribing Information

 
Depacon Rx D N X Add review Add

Generic name: valproic acid systemic

Drug class: fatty acid derivative anticonvulsants

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: Prescribing Information

 
Gabitril Rx C N X 1 review
9.0

Generic name: tiagabine systemic

Drug class: gamma-aminobutyric acid reuptake inhibitors

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: AHFS DI Monograph, Prescribing Information

 
Zarontin Rx N N X 6 reviews
9.0

Generic name: ethosuximide systemic

Drug class: succinimide anticonvulsants

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: AHFS DI Monograph, Prescribing Information

 
Luminal Rx D 4 X 1 review
8.0

Generic name: phenobarbital systemic

Drug class: barbiturates, barbiturate anticonvulsants

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: AHFS DI Monograph

 
valproic acid Rx D N X 3 reviews
7.0

Generic name: valproic acid systemic

Brand names:  Depakene, Depacon, Stavzor

Drug class: fatty acid derivative anticonvulsants

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: A-Z Drug Facts, Prescribing Information

 
Phenytoin Sodium Rx D N X Add review
6.0

Generic name: phenytoin systemic

Drug class: hydantoin anticonvulsants, group I antiarrhythmics

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: AHFS DI Monograph, Prescribing Information

 
primidone Rx N N X 9 reviews
9.0

Generic name: primidone systemic

Brand name:  Mysoline

Drug class: barbiturate anticonvulsants

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: A-Z Drug Facts, AHFS DI Monograph, Prescribing Information

 
Vitamin B6 Rx/OTC C N Add review Add

Generic name: pyridoxine systemic

Drug class: vitamins

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

 
Aptiom Rx C N 4 reviews
8.0

Generic name: eslicarbazepine systemic

Drug class: dibenzazepine anticonvulsants

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: AHFS DI Monograph, Prescribing Information

 
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Topics under Seizures

Learn more about Seizures (Convulsions)

Legend

Off Label This medication may not be approved by the FDA for the treatment of this condition.
Prescription Only / Over the Counter
Rx Prescription Only
OTC Over the Counter
Rx/OTC Prescription or Over the Counter
Pregnancy
A Adequate and well-controlled studies have failed to demonstrate a risk to the fetus in the first trimester of pregnancy (and there is no evidence of risk in later trimesters).
B Animal reproduction studies have failed to demonstrate a risk to the fetus and there are no adequate and well-controlled studies in pregnant women.
C Animal reproduction studies have shown an adverse effect on the fetus and there are no adequate and well-controlled studies in humans, but potential benefits may warrant use of the drug in pregnant women despite potential risks.
D There is positive evidence of human fetal risk based on adverse reaction data from investigational or marketing experience or studies in humans, but potential benefits may warrant use of the drug in pregnant women despite potential risks.
X Studies in animals or humans have demonstrated fetal abnormalities and/or there is positive evidence of human fetal risk based on adverse reaction data from investigational or marketing experience, and the risks involved in use of the drug in pregnant women clearly outweigh potential benefits.
N FDA has not classified the drug.
Controlled Substances Act Schedule
N The drug is not subject to the Controlled Substances Act.
1 The drug has a high potential for abuse. The drug has no currently accepted medical use in treatment in the United States. There is a lack of accepted safety for use of the drug under medical supervision.
2 The drug has a high potential for abuse. The drug has a currently accepted medical use in treatment in the United States or a currently accepted medical use with severe restrictions. Abuse of the drug may lead to severe psychological or physical dependence.
3 The drug has a potential for abuse less than the drugs in schedules 1 and 2. The drug has a currently accepted medical use in treatment in the United States. Abuse of the drug may lead to moderate or low physical dependence or high psychological dependence.
4 The drug has a low potential for abuse relative to the drugs in schedule 3. The drug has a currently accepted medical use in treatment in the United States. Abuse of the drug may lead to limited physical dependence or psychological dependence relative to the drugs in schedule 3.
5 The drug has a low potential for abuse relative to the drugs in schedule 4. The drug has a currently accepted medical use in treatment in the United States. Abuse of the drug may lead to limited physical dependence or psychological dependence relative to the drugs in schedule 4.
Alcohol
X Interacts with Alcohol.

Synonym(s): Absence Seizure; Complex Partial Seizure; Fits

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