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Medications for Seizures (Convulsions)

Other names: Absence Seizure; Complex Partial Seizure; Fits

About Seizures:  A seizure or convulsion can be a sudden, violent, uncontrollable contraction of a group of muscles. A seizure can also be more subtle, consisting of only a brief "loss of contact" or a few moments of what appears to be daydreaming.

Drugs Used to Treat Seizures

The following list of medications are in some way related to, or used in the treatment of this condition.

Drug name Rx / OTC Pregnancy CSA Alcohol Reviews Rating Activity
Phenytoin Sodium D N X Add review
0.0

Generic name: phenytoin systemic

Drug class: hydantoin anticonvulsants, group I antiarrhythmics

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: AHFS DI Monograph, Prescribing Information

Diazepam Intensol D 4 X Add review
0.0

Generic name: diazepam systemic

Drug class: benzodiazepines, benzodiazepine anticonvulsants

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

lacosamide C 5 X 119 reviews
7.1

Generic name: lacosamide systemic

Brand name:  Vimpat

Drug class: miscellaneous anticonvulsants

For consumers: dosage, interactions,

For professionals: A-Z Drug Facts, AHFS DI Monograph, Prescribing Information

Oxtellar XR C N X 1 review
10

Generic name: oxcarbazepine systemic

Drug class: dibenzazepine anticonvulsants

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: Prescribing Information

Vitamin B6 C N Add review
0.0

Generic name: pyridoxine systemic

Drug class: vitamins

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

Diastat Pediatric D 4 X Add review
0.0

Generic name: diazepam systemic

Drug class: benzodiazepine anticonvulsants

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

Qudexy XR D N X 2 reviews
10

Generic name: topiramate systemic

Drug class: carbonic anhydrase inhibitor anticonvulsants

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: Prescribing Information

Topamax Sprinkle D N X Add review
0.0

Generic name: topiramate systemic

Drug class: carbonic anhydrase inhibitor anticonvulsants

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

ethosuximide N N X 10 reviews
8.6

Generic name: ethosuximide systemic

Brand name:  Zarontin

Drug class: succinimide anticonvulsants

For consumers: dosage, interactions,

For professionals: A-Z Drug Facts, AHFS DI Monograph, Prescribing Information

Briviact C 5 X 9 reviews
6.3

Generic name: brivaracetam systemic

Drug class: pyrrolidine anticonvulsants

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: AHFS DI Monograph, Prescribing Information

Elepsia XR C N X Add review
0.0

Generic name: levetiracetam systemic

Drug class: pyrrolidine anticonvulsants

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: Prescribing Information

Fycompa C 3 X 13 reviews
5.5

Generic name: perampanel systemic

Drug class: AMPA receptor antagonists

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: AHFS DI Monograph, Prescribing Information

Phenytek D N X 2 reviews
9.5

Generic name: phenytoin systemic

Drug class: hydantoin anticonvulsants, group I antiarrhythmics

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: Prescribing Information

pyridoxine C N Add review
0.0

Generic name: pyridoxine systemic

Brand names:  Vitamin B6, Aminoxin

Drug class: vitamins

For consumers: dosage, interactions,

For professionals: A-Z Drug Facts, AHFS DI Monograph, Prescribing Information

Roweepra C N X Add review
0.0

Generic name: levetiracetam systemic

Drug class: pyrrolidine anticonvulsants

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: Prescribing Information

Roweepra XR C N X Add review
0.0

Generic name: levetiracetam systemic

Drug class: pyrrolidine anticonvulsants

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: Prescribing Information

Spritam C N X Add review
0.0

Generic name: levetiracetam systemic

Drug class: pyrrolidine anticonvulsants

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: Prescribing Information

eslicarbazepine C N X 22 reviews
7.1

Generic name: eslicarbazepine systemic

Brand name:  Aptiom

Drug class: dibenzazepine anticonvulsants

For consumers: dosage, interactions,

For professionals: A-Z Drug Facts, AHFS DI Monograph

midazolam D 4 X Add review
0.0

Generic name: midazolam systemic

Brand name:  Nayzilam

Drug class: benzodiazepines

For consumers: dosage, interactions,

For professionals: A-Z Drug Facts, AHFS DI Monograph, Prescribing Information

progesterone Off Label B N 1 review
10

Generic name: progesterone systemic

Drug class: progestins

For consumers: dosage, interactions,

For professionals: A-Z Drug Facts, AHFS DI Monograph, Natural Product Monographs, Prescribing Information

Off Label: Yes

Sabril C N X Add review
0.0

Generic name: vigabatrin systemic

Drug class: gamma-aminobutyric acid analogs

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: AHFS DI Monograph, Prescribing Information

tiagabine C N X 2 reviews
6.0

Generic name: tiagabine systemic

Brand name:  Gabitril

Drug class: gamma-aminobutyric acid reuptake inhibitors

For consumers: dosage, interactions,

For professionals: A-Z Drug Facts, AHFS DI Monograph, Prescribing Information

Aminoxin C N Add review
0.0

Generic name: pyridoxine systemic

Drug class: vitamins

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

brivaracetam C 5 X 10 reviews
6.0

Generic name: brivaracetam systemic

Brand name:  Briviact

Drug class: pyrrolidine anticonvulsants

For consumers: dosage, interactions,

For professionals: A-Z Drug Facts, AHFS DI Monograph

Celontin N N X Add review
0.0

Generic name: methsuximide systemic

Drug class: succinimide anticonvulsants

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: Prescribing Information

Topics under Seizures

Legend

Rx Prescription Only
OTC Over the Counter
Rx/OTC Prescription or Over the Counter
Off Label This medication may not be approved by the FDA for the treatment of this condition.
Pregnancy Category
A Adequate and well-controlled studies have failed to demonstrate a risk to the fetus in the first trimester of pregnancy (and there is no evidence of risk in later trimesters).
B Animal reproduction studies have failed to demonstrate a risk to the fetus and there are no adequate and well-controlled studies in pregnant women.
C Animal reproduction studies have shown an adverse effect on the fetus and there are no adequate and well-controlled studies in humans, but potential benefits may warrant use in pregnant women despite potential risks.
D There is positive evidence of human fetal risk based on adverse reaction data from investigational or marketing experience or studies in humans, but potential benefits may warrant use in pregnant women despite potential risks.
X Studies in animals or humans have demonstrated fetal abnormalities and/or there is positive evidence of human fetal risk based on adverse reaction data from investigational or marketing experience, and the risks involved in use in pregnant women clearly outweigh potential benefits.
N FDA has not classified the drug.
Controlled Substances Act (CSA) Schedule
N Is not subject to the Controlled Substances Act.
1 Has a high potential for abuse. Has no currently accepted medical use in treatment in the United States. There is a lack of accepted safety for use under medical supervision.
2 Has a high potential for abuse. Has a currently accepted medical use in treatment in the United States or a currently accepted medical use with severe restrictions. Abuse may lead to severe psychological or physical dependence.
3 Has a potential for abuse less than those in schedules 1 and 2. Has a currently accepted medical use in treatment in the United States. Abuse may lead to moderate or low physical dependence or high psychological dependence.
4 Has a low potential for abuse relative to those in schedule 3. It has a currently accepted medical use in treatment in the United States. Abuse may lead to limited physical dependence or psychological dependence relative to those in schedule 3.
5 Has a low potential for abuse relative to those in schedule 4. Has a currently accepted medical use in treatment in the United States. Abuse may lead to limited physical dependence or psychological dependence relative to those in schedule 4.
Alcohol
X Interacts with Alcohol.

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Further information

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