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Medications for Seizure Prevention (Seizure Prophylaxis)

Drugs associated with Seizure Prevention

The following drugs and medications are in some way related to, or used in the treatment of this condition.

What is Seizure Prevention: Measures taken to prevent a seizure - an episode of abnormal electrical activity in the brain where a person's body may shake rapidly and uncontrollably.

Drug name Rx / OTC Pregnancy CSA Alcohol Reviews Rating Popularity
Lamictal Rx C N X 38 reviews
7.0

Generic name: lamotrigine systemic

Drug class: triazine anticonvulsants

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: AHFS DI Monograph, Prescribing Information

 
Topamax Rx D N X 31 reviews
7.0

Generic name: topiramate systemic

Drug class: carbonic anhydrase inhibitor anticonvulsants

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: AHFS DI Monograph, Prescribing Information

 
lamotrigine Rx C N X 60 reviews
7.0

Generic name: lamotrigine systemic

Brand names:  Lamictal, Lamictal XR, Lamictal ODT, Lamictal CD

Drug class: triazine anticonvulsants

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: A-Z Drug Facts, AHFS DI Monograph, Prescribing Information

 
Klonopin Rx D 4 X 12 reviews
8.0

Generic name: clonazepam systemic

Drug class: benzodiazepines, benzodiazepine anticonvulsants

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: AHFS DI Monograph, Prescribing Information

 
clonazepam Rx D 4 X 35 reviews
8.0

Generic name: clonazepam systemic

Brand name:  Klonopin

Drug class: benzodiazepines, benzodiazepine anticonvulsants

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: A-Z Drug Facts, AHFS DI Monograph, Prescribing Information

 
topiramate Rx D N X 46 reviews
6.0

Generic name: topiramate systemic

Brand names:  Topamax, Topiragen, Trokendi XR, Topamax Sprinkle, Qudexy XR

Drug class: carbonic anhydrase inhibitor anticonvulsants

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: A-Z Drug Facts, AHFS DI Monograph, Prescribing Information

 
Lamictal XR Rx C N X 2 reviews
9.0

Generic name: lamotrigine systemic

Drug class: triazine anticonvulsants

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: Prescribing Information

 
Valium Rx D 4 X 3 reviews
8.0

Generic name: diazepam systemic

Drug class: benzodiazepines, benzodiazepine anticonvulsants

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: Prescribing Information

 
diazepam Rx D 4 X 3 reviews
8.0

Generic name: diazepam systemic

Brand names:  Valium, Diazepam Intensol, Diastat, Diastat AcuDial, Diastat Pediatric

Drug class: benzodiazepines, benzodiazepine anticonvulsants

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: A-Z Drug Facts, AHFS DI Monograph, Prescribing Information

 
Diazepam Intensol Rx D 4 X Add review
9.0

Generic name: diazepam systemic

Drug class: benzodiazepines, benzodiazepine anticonvulsants

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

 
Depakene Rx D N X 2 reviews
1.0

Generic name: valproic acid systemic

Drug class: fatty acid derivative anticonvulsants

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: Prescribing Information

 
valproic acid Rx D N X 3 reviews
4.0

Generic name: valproic acid systemic

Brand names:  Depakene, Depacon, Stavzor

Drug class: fatty acid derivative anticonvulsants

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: A-Z Drug Facts, Prescribing Information

 
Depacon Rx D N X Add review Add

Generic name: valproic acid systemic

Drug class: fatty acid derivative anticonvulsants

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: Prescribing Information

 
Epsom Salt Rx/OTC D N Add review Add

Generic name: magnesium sulfate systemic

Drug class: laxatives, minerals and electrolytes, miscellaneous anticonvulsants

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

 
Lamictal ODT Rx C N X Add review
10

Generic name: lamotrigine systemic

Drug class: triazine anticonvulsants

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

 
Diastat Rx D 4 X Add review Add

Generic name: diazepam systemic

Drug class: benzodiazepines, benzodiazepine anticonvulsants

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: Prescribing Information

 
Diamox Rx C N Add review Add

Generic name: acetazolamide systemic

Drug class: carbonic anhydrase inhibitors, carbonic anhydrase inhibitor anticonvulsants

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: AHFS DI Monograph, Prescribing Information

 
Topiragen Rx D N X 1 review
9.0

Generic name: topiramate systemic

Drug class: carbonic anhydrase inhibitor anticonvulsants

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: Prescribing Information

 
Tranxene Rx N 4 X 1 review
5.0

Generic name: clorazepate systemic

Drug class: benzodiazepines

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

 
Diastat AcuDial Rx D 4 X Add review Add

Generic name: diazepam systemic

Drug class: benzodiazepines, benzodiazepine anticonvulsants

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

 
magnesium sulfate Rx/OTC D N 1 review
1.0

Generic name: magnesium sulfate systemic

Brand name:  Epsom Salt

Drug class: laxatives, minerals and electrolytes, miscellaneous anticonvulsants

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: A-Z Drug Facts, AHFS DI Monograph, Prescribing Information

 
Trokendi XR Rx D N X 1 review
8.0

Generic name: topiramate systemic

Drug class: carbonic anhydrase inhibitor anticonvulsants

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: Prescribing Information

 
Diastat Pediatric Rx D 4 X Add review Add

Generic name: diazepam systemic

Drug class: benzodiazepines, benzodiazepine anticonvulsants

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

 
Topamax Sprinkle Rx D N X Add review Add

Generic name: topiramate systemic

Drug class: carbonic anhydrase inhibitor anticonvulsants

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

 
acetazolamide Rx C N 1 review
5.0

Generic name: acetazolamide systemic

Brand names:  Diamox, Diamox Sequels

Drug class: carbonic anhydrase inhibitors, carbonic anhydrase inhibitor anticonvulsants

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: A-Z Drug Facts, AHFS DI Monograph, Prescribing Information

 
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Legend

Off Label This medication may not be approved by the FDA for the treatment of this condition.
Prescription Only / Over the Counter
Rx Prescription Only
OTC Over the Counter
Rx/OTC Prescription or Over the Counter
Pregnancy
A Adequate and well-controlled studies have failed to demonstrate a risk to the fetus in the first trimester of pregnancy (and there is no evidence of risk in later trimesters).
B Animal reproduction studies have failed to demonstrate a risk to the fetus and there are no adequate and well-controlled studies in pregnant women.
C Animal reproduction studies have shown an adverse effect on the fetus and there are no adequate and well-controlled studies in humans, but potential benefits may warrant use of the drug in pregnant women despite potential risks.
D There is positive evidence of human fetal risk based on adverse reaction data from investigational or marketing experience or studies in humans, but potential benefits may warrant use of the drug in pregnant women despite potential risks.
X Studies in animals or humans have demonstrated fetal abnormalities and/or there is positive evidence of human fetal risk based on adverse reaction data from investigational or marketing experience, and the risks involved in use of the drug in pregnant women clearly outweigh potential benefits.
N FDA has not classified the drug.
Controlled Substances Act Schedule
N The drug is not subject to the Controlled Substances Act.
1 The drug has a high potential for abuse. The drug has no currently accepted medical use in treatment in the United States. There is a lack of accepted safety for use of the drug under medical supervision.
2 The drug has a high potential for abuse. The drug has a currently accepted medical use in treatment in the United States or a currently accepted medical use with severe restrictions. Abuse of the drug may lead to severe psychological or physical dependence.
3 The drug has a potential for abuse less than the drugs in schedules 1 and 2. The drug has a currently accepted medical use in treatment in the United States. Abuse of the drug may lead to moderate or low physical dependence or high psychological dependence.
4 The drug has a low potential for abuse relative to the drugs in schedule 3. The drug has a currently accepted medical use in treatment in the United States. Abuse of the drug may lead to limited physical dependence or psychological dependence relative to the drugs in schedule 3.
5 The drug has a low potential for abuse relative to the drugs in schedule 4. The drug has a currently accepted medical use in treatment in the United States. Abuse of the drug may lead to limited physical dependence or psychological dependence relative to the drugs in schedule 4.
Alcohol
X Interacts with Alcohol.

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