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Barbiturate anticonvulsants

A drug may be classified by the chemical type of the active ingredient or by the way it is used to treat a particular condition. Each drug can be classified into one or more drug classes.

Barbiturate anticonvulsants are a group of drugs derived from barbituric acid and they act by suppressing activity of the central nervous system. Barbiturate anticonvulsants enhance the action of GABA, which is an inhibitory neurotransmitter, and inhibits initiation of discharge that would start the seizure. Barbiturates facilitate GABA-mediated opening of chloride channels and increases effectiveness of GABA.

Barbiturates are used to treat all types of seizures except absence seizures.

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Medical conditions associated with barbiturate anticonvulsants: