What are Anticonvulsants
Anticonvulsants are medicines that reduce the severity and frequency of seizures. They are typically used in people with epilepsy or at high risk of having another seizure; however, they may be used to treat other conditions such as bipolar disorder, anxiety, nerve pain, and migraine.
There are many different types of anticonvulsants. Some anticonvulsants are thought to work by reducing electrical firing in the brain through an action on specific neurotransmitters, for example GABA, or receptors, such as glutamate. Others may modulate voltage-gated sodium or calcium channels.
Types of Anticonvulsants
Please refer to the drug classes listed below for further information.
- AMPA receptor antagonists
- barbiturate anticonvulsants
- benzodiazepine anticonvulsants
- carbamate anticonvulsants
- carbonic anhydrase inhibitor anticonvulsants
- dibenzazepine anticonvulsants
- fatty acid derivative anticonvulsants
- gamma-aminobutyric acid analogs
- gamma-aminobutyric acid reuptake inhibitors
- hydantoin anticonvulsants
- miscellaneous anticonvulsants
- neuronal potassium channel openers
- oxazolidinedione anticonvulsants
- pyrrolidine anticonvulsants
- succinimide anticonvulsants
- triazine anticonvulsants