What are Anticonvulsants
Anticonvulsants are drugs that prevent or reduce the severity and frequency of seizures in various types of epilepsy. The different types of anticonvulsants may act on different receptors in the brain and have different modes of action.
Two mechanisms that appear to be important in anticonvulsants are enhancement of GABA action and inhibition of sodium channel activity. Other mechanisms are inhibition of calcium channels and glutamate receptors.
Types of Anticonvulsants
Please refer to the drug classes listed below for further information.
- AMPA receptor antagonists
- barbiturate anticonvulsants
- benzodiazepine anticonvulsants
- carbamate anticonvulsants
- carbonic anhydrase inhibitor anticonvulsants
- dibenzazepine anticonvulsants
- fatty acid derivative anticonvulsants
- gamma-aminobutyric acid analogs
- gamma-aminobutyric acid reuptake inhibitors
- hydantoin anticonvulsants
- miscellaneous anticonvulsants
- neuronal potassium channel openers
- oxazolidinedione anticonvulsants
- pyrrolidine anticonvulsants
- succinimide anticonvulsants
- triazine anticonvulsants