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Stomach Ulcer Medications

Other names: Gastric Ulcer; Ulcer Pain

Stomach ulcers are small holes or erosions that occur in the lining of your stomach. They may also be called gastric ulcers.

Ulcers can also form in your duodenum which is the first part of your small intestine, immediately beyond your stomach. A peptic ulcer is a term used to describe either a stomach or duodenal ulcer.

How is a Stomach Ulcer Treated?

Treatment for stomach ulcers usually involves a combination of medications which reduce acid secretion, protect the mucosa, and kill H. pylori bacteria (if present).

This allows ulcers to heal and reduces the chance of them will come back. All medications should be taken exactly as prescribed.

Examples of medications that may be considered to treat stomach ulcers include:

  • Antibiotics to kill H. pylori (usually two or three different antibiotics are taken in combination for one to two weeks)
  • H2 receptor blockers that reduce stomach acid production (like cimetidine, ranitidine, or famotidine)
  • Proton pump inhibitors to block stomach acid production (such as esomeprazole, lansoprazole, omeprazole, or pantoprazole)
  • Protectants that coat the ulcer and protect it against acid and enzymes, enhancing healing (like sucralfate)
  • Bismuth (may help protect the lining and kill the bacteria).

Rarely, surgery may be needed.

If NSAIDs have caused your stomach ulcer, your doctor may advise you to stop taking them, reduce their dosage, or switch to an alternative medicine. Follow his/her advice. Talk to your doctor before taking antacids as these may reduce the absorption of some other medications.

Drugs used to treat Stomach Ulcer

The medications listed below are related to or used in the treatment of this condition.

Filter
Drug name Rating Reviews Activity ? Rx/OTC Pregnancy CSA Alcohol
omeprazole 3.6 28 reviews for omeprazole to treat Stomach Ulcer
Rx/OTC C N
Generic name:
omeprazole systemic
Brand name:
Prilosec
Drug class:
proton pump inhibitors
For consumers:
dosage, interactions, side effects
For professionals:
AHFS DI Monograph, Prescribing Information
pantoprazole 5.7 41 reviews for pantoprazole to treat Stomach Ulcer
Rx B N
Generic name:
pantoprazole systemic
Brand names:
Protonix, Protonix IV
Drug class:
proton pump inhibitors
For consumers:
dosage, interactions, side effects
For professionals:
AHFS DI Monograph, Prescribing Information
sucralfate 5.8 82 reviews for sucralfate to treat Stomach Ulcer
Rx B N
Generic name:
sucralfate systemic
Brand name:
Carafate
Drug class:
miscellaneous GI agents
For consumers:
dosage, interactions, side effects
For professionals:
AHFS DI Monograph, Prescribing Information
Protonix 8.8 10 reviews for Protonix to treat Stomach Ulcer
Rx B N
Generic name:
pantoprazole systemic
Drug class:
proton pump inhibitors
For consumers:
dosage, interactions, side effects
For professionals:
Prescribing Information
Carafate 5.5 24 reviews for Carafate to treat Stomach Ulcer
Rx B N
Generic name:
sucralfate systemic
Drug class:
miscellaneous GI agents
For consumers:
dosage, interactions, side effects
For professionals:
Prescribing Information
Prilosec 5.0 2 reviews for Prilosec to treat Stomach Ulcer
Rx C N
Generic name:
omeprazole systemic
Drug class:
proton pump inhibitors
For consumers:
dosage, interactions, side effects
For professionals:
Prescribing Information
famotidine 7.7 10 reviews for famotidine to treat Stomach Ulcer
Rx/OTC B N
Generic name:
famotidine systemic
Brand names:
Pepcid, Pepcid AC, Acid Controller Maximum Strength, Heartburn Relief, Acid Controller Original Strength, Pepcid AC Chewable Tablets, Pepcid Oral Suspension
Drug class:
H2 antagonists
For consumers:
dosage, interactions, side effects
For professionals:
AHFS DI Monograph, Prescribing Information
Aciphex 10 3 reviews for Aciphex to treat Stomach Ulcer
Rx B N
Generic name:
rabeprazole systemic
Drug class:
proton pump inhibitors
For consumers:
dosage, interactions, side effects
For professionals:
Prescribing Information
Cytotec Rate Add review
Rx X N
Generic name:
misoprostol systemic
Drug class:
miscellaneous GI agents
For consumers:
dosage, interactions, side effects
For professionals:
Prescribing Information
Pepcid Rate Add review
Rx B N
Generic name:
famotidine systemic
Drug class:
H2 antagonists
For consumers:
dosage, interactions, side effects
For professionals:
Prescribing Information
lansoprazole 7.5 9 reviews for lansoprazole to treat Stomach Ulcer
Rx/OTC B N
Generic name:
lansoprazole systemic
Brand names:
Prevacid, Prevacid OTC, Prevacid SoluTab
Drug class:
proton pump inhibitors
For consumers:
dosage, interactions, side effects
For professionals:
AHFS DI Monograph, Prescribing Information
rabeprazole 10 5 reviews for rabeprazole to treat Stomach Ulcer
Rx B N
Generic name:
rabeprazole systemic
Brand name:
Aciphex
Drug class:
proton pump inhibitors
For consumers:
dosage, interactions, side effects
For professionals:
AHFS DI Monograph, Prescribing Information
Pepcid AC Rate Add review
OTC B N
Generic name:
famotidine systemic
Drug class:
H2 antagonists
For consumers:
dosage, interactions, side effects
Prevacid 8.1 7 reviews for Prevacid to treat Stomach Ulcer
Rx B N
Generic name:
lansoprazole systemic
Drug class:
proton pump inhibitors
For consumers:
dosage, interactions, side effects
For professionals:
Prescribing Information
misoprostol 8.0 1 review for misoprostol to treat Stomach Ulcer
Rx X N
Generic name:
misoprostol systemic
Brand name:
Cytotec
Drug class:
miscellaneous GI agents
For consumers:
dosage, interactions, side effects
For professionals:
AHFS DI Monograph, Prescribing Information
omeprazole / sodium bicarbonate 10 4 reviews for omeprazole / sodium bicarbonate to treat Stomach Ulcer
Rx/OTC C N
Generic name:
omeprazole / sodium bicarbonate systemic
Brand names:
Zegerid, Konvomep
Drug class:
proton pump inhibitors
For consumers:
dosage, interactions, side effects
For professionals:
Prescribing Information
Protonix IV 10 2 reviews for Protonix IV to treat Stomach Ulcer
Rx B N
Generic name:
pantoprazole systemic
Drug class:
proton pump inhibitors
For consumers:
dosage, interactions, side effects
Zegerid 10 4 reviews for Zegerid to treat Stomach Ulcer
Rx C N
Generic name:
omeprazole / sodium bicarbonate systemic
Drug class:
proton pump inhibitors
For consumers:
dosage, interactions, side effects
For professionals:
Prescribing Information
Acid Controller Maximum Strength Rate Add review
OTC B N
Generic name:
famotidine systemic
Drug class:
H2 antagonists
For consumers:
dosage, interactions, side effects
For professionals:
Prescribing Information
Heartburn Relief Rate Add review
OTC B N
Generic name:
famotidine systemic
Drug class:
H2 antagonists
For consumers:
dosage, interactions, side effects
Acid Controller Original Strength Rate Add review
OTC B N
Generic name:
famotidine systemic
Drug class:
H2 antagonists
For consumers:
dosage, interactions, side effects
For professionals:
Prescribing Information
magnesium oxide Rate Add review
Rx/OTC C N
Generic name:
magnesium oxide systemic
Brand names:
Mag-Ox 400, Mag-Oxide, Phillips' Cramp-free, Uro-Mag
Drug class:
minerals and electrolytes
For consumers:
dosage, interactions, side effects
Pepcid AC Chewable Tablets Rate Add review
OTC B N
Generic name:
famotidine systemic
Drug class:
H2 antagonists
For consumers:
dosage, interactions, side effects
Pepcid Oral Suspension Rate Add review
Rx B N
Generic name:
famotidine systemic
Drug class:
H2 antagonists
For consumers:
dosage, interactions, side effects
For professionals:
Prescribing Information
Amphojel Rate Add review
Rx/OTC N N
Generic name:
aluminum hydroxide systemic
Drug class:
antacids, phosphate binders
For consumers:
dosage, interactions, side effects

Frequently asked questions

View more FAQ

Topics under Stomach Ulcer

Alternative treatments for Stomach Ulcer

The following products are considered to be alternative treatments or natural remedies for Stomach Ulcer. Their efficacy may not have been scientifically tested to the same degree as the drugs listed in the table above. However, there may be historical, cultural or anecdotal evidence linking their use to the treatment of Stomach Ulcer.

Learn more about Stomach Ulcer

Medicine.com guides (external)

Legend

Rating For ratings, users were asked how effective they found the medicine while considering positive/adverse effects and ease of use (1 = not effective, 10 = most effective).
Activity Activity is based on recent site visitor activity relative to other medications in the list.
Rx Prescription only.
OTC Over-the-counter.
Rx/OTC Prescription or Over-the-counter.
Off-label This medication may not be approved by the FDA for the treatment of this condition.
EUA An Emergency Use Authorization (EUA) allows the FDA to authorize unapproved medical products or unapproved uses of approved medical products to be used in a declared public health emergency when there are no adequate, approved, and available alternatives.
Expanded Access Expanded Access is a potential pathway for a patient with a serious or immediately life-threatening disease or condition to gain access to an investigational medical product (drug, biologic, or medical device) for treatment outside of clinical trials when no comparable or satisfactory alternative therapy options are available.
Pregnancy Category
A Adequate and well-controlled studies have failed to demonstrate a risk to the fetus in the first trimester of pregnancy (and there is no evidence of risk in later trimesters).
B Animal reproduction studies have failed to demonstrate a risk to the fetus and there are no adequate and well-controlled studies in pregnant women.
C Animal reproduction studies have shown an adverse effect on the fetus and there are no adequate and well-controlled studies in humans, but potential benefits may warrant use in pregnant women despite potential risks.
D There is positive evidence of human fetal risk based on adverse reaction data from investigational or marketing experience or studies in humans, but potential benefits may warrant use in pregnant women despite potential risks.
X Studies in animals or humans have demonstrated fetal abnormalities and/or there is positive evidence of human fetal risk based on adverse reaction data from investigational or marketing experience, and the risks involved in use in pregnant women clearly outweigh potential benefits.
N FDA has not classified the drug.
Controlled Substances Act (CSA) Schedule
M The drug has multiple schedules. The schedule may depend on the exact dosage form or strength of the medication.
U CSA Schedule is unknown.
N Is not subject to the Controlled Substances Act.
1 Has a high potential for abuse. Has no currently accepted medical use in treatment in the United States. There is a lack of accepted safety for use under medical supervision.
2 Has a high potential for abuse. Has a currently accepted medical use in treatment in the United States or a currently accepted medical use with severe restrictions. Abuse may lead to severe psychological or physical dependence.
3 Has a potential for abuse less than those in schedules 1 and 2. Has a currently accepted medical use in treatment in the United States. Abuse may lead to moderate or low physical dependence or high psychological dependence.
4 Has a low potential for abuse relative to those in schedule 3. It has a currently accepted medical use in treatment in the United States. Abuse may lead to limited physical dependence or psychological dependence relative to those in schedule 3.
5 Has a low potential for abuse relative to those in schedule 4. Has a currently accepted medical use in treatment in the United States. Abuse may lead to limited physical dependence or psychological dependence relative to those in schedule 4.
Alcohol
X Interacts with Alcohol.

Further information

Always consult your healthcare provider to ensure the information displayed on this page applies to your personal circumstances.