Generic Name: sucralfate (oral) (soo KRAL fate)
Brand Name: Carafate
Medically reviewed on May 14, 2018
What is sucralfate?
Sucralfate is an anti-ulcer medication.
Sucralfate is not greatly absorbed into the body through the digestive tract. It works mainly in the lining of the stomach by adhering to ulcer sites and protecting them from acids, enzymes, and bile salts.
Sucralfate is used to treat an active duodenal ulcer. Sucralfate can heal an active ulcer, but it will not prevent future ulcers from occurring.
Sucralfate may also be used for purposes not listed in this medication guide.
Follow all directions on your medicine label and package. Tell each of your healthcare providers about all your medical conditions, allergies, and all medicines you use.
Before taking this medicine
You should not use sucralfate if you are allergic to it.
To make sure sucralfate is safe for you, tell your doctor if you have:
kidney disease (or if you are on dialysis); or
trouble swallowing tablets.
FDA pregnancy category B. Sucralfate is not expected to harm an unborn baby. Tell your doctor if you are pregnant or plan to become pregnant during treatment.
It is not known whether sucralfate passes into breast milk or if it could harm a nursing baby. Tell your doctor if you are breast-feeding a baby.
How should I take sucralfate?
Follow all directions on your prescription label. Do not take this medicine in larger or smaller amounts or for longer than recommended.
Take sucralfate on an empty stomach, at least 1 hour before or 2 hours after a meal.
Shake the oral suspension (liquid) well just before you measure a dose. Measure the liquid with a special dose-measuring spoon or medicine cup. If you do not have a dose-measuring device, ask your pharmacist for one.
Use this medication for the full prescribed length of time. Your symptoms may improve before the ulcer is completely healed.
Store at room temperature away from moisture and heat.
What happens if I miss a dose?
Take the missed dose as soon as you remember, but avoid taking any other medications within 2 hours before or after you take sucralfate. Skip the missed dose if it is almost time for your next scheduled dose. Do not take extra medicine to make up the missed dose.
What happens if I overdose?
Seek emergency medical attention or call the Poison Help line at 1-800-222-1222.
What should I avoid while taking sucralfate?
Avoid taking any other medications within 2 hours before or after you take sucralfate. Sucralfate can make it harder for your body to absorb other medications you take by mouth.
Avoid using antacids without your doctor's advice. Use only the type of antacid your doctor recommends. Some antacids can make it harder for sucralfate to work in your stomach. If your doctor does recommend using an antacid, avoid taking it within 30 minutes before or after taking sucralfate.
Sucralfate side effects
Get emergency medical help if you have any of these signs of an allergic reaction: hives; difficult breathing; swelling of your face, lips, tongue, or throat.
Common side effects may include:
mild itching or skin rash;
sleep problems (insomnia);
dizziness, drowsiness, spinning sensation;
This is not a complete list of side effects and others may occur. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.
See also: Side effects (in more detail)
Sucralfate dosing information
Usual Adult Dose for Duodenal Ulcer:
1 g orally 4 times a day
-Duration of therapy: 4 to 8 weeks
-Each dose should be taken on an empty stomach.
-For most patients, treatment should continue for 4 to 8 weeks; however, treatment may be stopped early if healing is demonstrated on x-ray/endoscopic tests.
-Antacids may be given, but use should be separated by at least 30 minutes.
Use: Short-term treatment of active duodenal ulcers
Usual Adult Dose for Duodenal Ulcer Prophylaxis:
Oral Tablets: 1 g orally 2 times a day
-Duration of therapy: Up to 1 year
-Each dose should be taken on an empty stomach.
-Controlled studies did not extend beyond 12 months.
Use: Maintenance therapy for patients after healing of acute duodenal ulcers
What other drugs will affect sucralfate?
Sucralfate can make it harder for your body to absorb other medications you take by mouth. Avoid taking any other medications within 2 hours before or after you take sucralfate.
Other drugs may interact with sucralfate, including prescription and over-the-counter medicines, vitamins, and herbal products. Tell each of your health care providers about all medicines you use now and any medicine you start or stop using.
Remember, keep this and all other medicines out of the reach of children, never share your medicines with others, and use this medication only for the indication prescribed.
Always consult your healthcare provider to ensure the information displayed on this page applies to your personal circumstances.
Copyright 1996-2018 Cerner Multum, Inc. Version: 8.01.
More about sucralfate
- Sucralfate Side Effects
- During Pregnancy or Breastfeeding
- Dosage Information
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- Drug class: miscellaneous GI agents
Other brands: Carafate