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Carafate

Generic Name: sucralfate (oral) (soo KRAL fate)
Brand Names: Carafate

Medically reviewed by Kaci Durbin, MD. Last updated on Mar 13, 2019.

What is Carafate?

Carafate (sucralfate) is an anti-ulcer medication.

Carafate is not greatly absorbed into the body through the digestive tract. It works mainly in the lining of the stomach by sticking to ulcer sites and protecting them from acids, enzymes, and bile salts.

Carafate is used to treat an active duodenal ulcer. Sucralfate can heal an active ulcer, but it will not prevent future ulcers from occurring.

Important Information

The liquid form of Carafate should never be injected through a needle into the body, or death may occur.

Follow all directions on your medicine label and package. Tell each of your healthcare providers about all your medical conditions, allergies, and all medicines you use.

Avoid taking any other medications within 2 hours before or after you take Carafate. Sucralfate can make it harder for your body to absorb other medications you take by mouth.

Before taking this medicine

You should not use Carafate if you are allergic to sucralfate.

To make sure this medicine is safe for you, tell your doctor if you have:

  • diabetes;

  • kidney disease (or if you are on dialysis); or

  • trouble swallowing tablets.

Tell your doctor if you are pregnant or breastfeeding.

Carafate is not approved for use by anyone younger than 18 years old.

How should I take Carafate?

Take Carafate exactly as prescribed by your doctor. Follow all directions on your prescription label and read all medication guides or instruction sheets.

Take this medicine on an empty stomach.

Shake the oral suspension (liquid) before you measure a dose. Use the dosing syringe provided, or use a medicine dose-measuring device (not a kitchen spoon).

The liquid form of this medicine should never be injected through a needle into the body, or death may occur. Carafate oral suspension is to be taken only by mouth.

If you are diabetic, check your blood sugar regularly. Your doctor may adjust your dose based on your blood sugar levels.

It may take 2 to 8 weeks before you receive the full benefit of taking Carafate. Sucralfate should not be taken for longer than 8 weeks at a time.

Use this medicine for the full prescribed length of time, even if your symptoms quickly improve.

Store at room temperature away from moisture and heat. Do not allow the liquid medicine to freeze.

Carafate dosing information

Usual Adult Dose for Duodenal Ulcer:

1 g orally 4 times a day
-Duration of therapy: 4 to 8 weeks

Comments:
-Each dose should be taken on an empty stomach.
-For most patients, treatment should continue for 4 to 8 weeks; however, treatment may be stopped early if healing is demonstrated on x-ray/endoscopic tests.
-Antacids may be given, but use should be separated by at least 30 minutes.

Use: Short-term treatment of active duodenal ulcers

Usual Adult Dose for Duodenal Ulcer Prophylaxis:

Oral Tablets: 1 g orally 2 times a day
-Duration of therapy: Up to 1 year

Comments:
-Each dose should be taken on an empty stomach.
-Controlled studies did not extend beyond 12 months.

Use: Maintenance therapy for patients after healing of acute duodenal ulcers

What happens if I miss a dose?

Take the medicine as soon as you can, but skip the missed dose if it is almost time for your next dose. Do not take two doses at one time.

What happens if I overdose?

Seek emergency medical attention or call the Poison Help line at 1-800-222-1222.

What should I avoid while taking Carafate?

Avoid taking any other medications within 2 hours before or after you take Carafate. Sucralfate can make it harder for your body to absorb other medications you take by mouth.

Ask your doctor before using an antacid, and use only the type your doctor recommends. Some antacids can make it harder for sucralfate to work in your stomach. Avoid taking an antacid within 30 minutes before or after taking Carafate.

Carafate side effects

Get emergency medical help if you have signs of an allergic reaction to Carafate: hives; difficult breathing; swelling of your face, lips, tongue, or throat.

Common Carafate side effects may include:

This is not a complete list of side effects and others may occur. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.

What other drugs will affect Carafate?

Other drugs may interact with sucralfate, including prescription and over-the-counter medicines, vitamins, and herbal products. Tell your doctor about all your current medicines and any medicine you start or stop using.

Further information

Remember, keep this and all other medicines out of the reach of children, never share your medicines with others, and use Carafate only for the indication prescribed.

Always consult your healthcare provider to ensure the information displayed on this page applies to your personal circumstances.

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