What are Antacids?
Antacids are a class of medicines that neutralize acid in the stomach. They contain ingredients such as aluminum, calcium, or magnesium which act as bases (alkalis) to counteract the stomach acid and lower pH. They work quickly and are used to relieve symptoms of acid reflux, heartburn or indigestion (dyspepsia).
Antacids are available as liquids or tablets. Some mixtures contain sodium and may not be suitable for people on a sodium restricted diet. Some products combine antacids with alginates and are used in the treatment of Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD). Alginates are gum-like substances that float on top of the stomach contents, forming a raft that acts like a barrier, preventing gastric acid from escaping back up the esophagus.
Antacids are usually only used short-term or occasionally. Longer acting medicines that work by reducing or preventing the secretion of stomach acid over a 12 to 24-hour period may be more effective for some people.
List of Antacids:
Medical conditions associated with antacids:
- Diabetic Ketoacidosis
- Duodenal Ulcer
- Erosive Esophagitis
- Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage
- Hyperphosphatemia of Renal Failure
- Hyperuricemia Secondary to Chemotherapy
- Metabolic Acidosis
- Peptic Ulcer
- Stomach Ulcer
- Stress Ulcer Prophylaxis
- Urinary Alkalinization
- Zollinger-Ellison Syndrome