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Kidney Stones

Medically reviewed by Last updated on Apr 2, 2024.

What is a kidney stone?

Kidney stones form in the urinary system when the water and waste in your urine are out of balance. When this happens, certain types of waste crystals separate from the urine. The crystals build up and form kidney stones. Kidney stones can be made of uric acid, calcium, phosphate, or oxalate crystals. You may have more than one kidney stone.

Kidney Stones

What increases my risk for kidney stones?

What are the signs and symptoms of kidney stones?

How are kidney stones diagnosed?

Your healthcare provider will ask about your health and usual foods. He or she may refer you to a urologist. You may need tests to find out what type of kidney stones you have. Tests can show the size of your kidney stones and where they are in your urinary system. You may need more than one of the following:

How are kidney stones treated?

Treatment options

The following list of medications are related to or used in the treatment of this condition.

What can I do to manage kidney stones?

When should I seek immediate care?

When should I call my doctor?

Care Agreement

You have the right to help plan your care. Learn about your health condition and how it may be treated. Discuss treatment options with your healthcare providers to decide what care you want to receive. You always have the right to refuse treatment. The above information is an educational aid only. It is not intended as medical advice for individual conditions or treatments. Talk to your doctor, nurse or pharmacist before following any medical regimen to see if it is safe and effective for you.

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Further information

Always consult your healthcare provider to ensure the information displayed on this page applies to your personal circumstances.