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Medications for Constipation

Other names: Difficulty passing stool; Irregularity of bowels

About Constipation:  Constipation refers to infrequent or hard stools, or difficulty passing stools. More specifically, constipation may involve pain during the passage of a bowel movement, the inability to pass a bowel movement after straining or pushing for more than 10 minutes, or no bowel movements after more than 3 days.

Drugs Used to Treat Constipation

The following list of medications are in some way related to, or used in the treatment of this condition.

Drug name Rx / OTC Pregnancy CSA Alcohol Reviews Rating Popularity
docusate N N 15 reviews
7.0

Generic name: docusate systemic

Brand names:  Colace, Dulcolax Stool Softener, Doc-Q-Lace, DOK, Doculase, Surfak, Docu, DSS, Phillips Stool Softener, Surfak Stool Softener, Colace Micro-Enema, Diocto, Dioeze, Docuprene, Docusil, Docu Soft, Docusoft S, DocuSol, Enemeez Mini, Kao-Tin, Octycine-250, Pedia-Lax Stool Softener, Promolaxin, Silace, Sur-Q-Lax, Vacuant …show all

Drug class: laxatives

For consumers: dosage, interactions,

For professionals: A-Z Drug Facts, Prescribing Information

Colace N N 3 reviews
8.0

Generic name: docusate systemic

Drug class: laxatives

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

MiraLax C N 113 reviews
8.0

Generic name: polyethylene glycol 3350 systemic

Drug class: laxatives

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: Prescribing Information

Dulcolax B N 562 reviews
5.0

Generic name: bisacodyl systemic

Drug class: laxatives

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: Prescribing Information

Linzess C N 60 reviews
7.0

Generic name: linaclotide systemic

Drug class: guanylate cyclase-C agonists

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: AHFS DI Monograph, Prescribing Information

polyethylene glycol 3350 C N 152 reviews
8.0

Generic name: polyethylene glycol 3350 systemic

Brand names:  MiraLax, GlycoLax, ClearLax, GaviLAX, Gialax, PEG3350, Purelax, SunMark ClearLax …show all

Drug class: laxatives

For consumers: dosage, interactions,

For professionals: A-Z Drug Facts, Prescribing Information

bisacodyl B N 786 reviews
5.0

Generic name: bisacodyl systemic

Brand names:  Dulcolax, Dulcolax Laxative, Bisac-Evac, Bisco-Lax, Correctol, Alophen, Bisa-Lax, Carter's Little Pills, Doxidan Tablet, Ducodyl, Evac-U-Gen, Ex-lax Ultra, Feen-A-Mint, Fleet Bisacodyl, Gen Lax, Magic Bullet, Veracolate …show all

Drug class: laxatives

For consumers: dosage, interactions,

For professionals: A-Z Drug Facts, AHFS DI Monograph, Prescribing Information

Amitiza C N 6 reviews
4.0

Generic name: lubiprostone systemic

Drug class: chloride channel activators

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: AHFS DI Monograph, Prescribing Information

Metamucil N N 9 reviews
8.0

Generic name: psyllium systemic

Drug class: laxatives

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

Citrucel N N Add review
8.0

Generic name: methylcellulose systemic

Drug class: laxatives

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: Prescribing Information

Milk of Magnesia N N 15 reviews
8.0

Generic name: magnesium hydroxide systemic

Drug class: antacids, laxatives

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

Dulcolax Stool Softener N N 1 review
5.0

Generic name: docusate systemic

Drug class: laxatives

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

Dulcolax Laxative B N 36 reviews
6.0

Generic name: bisacodyl systemic

Drug class: laxatives

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

magnesium oxide C N 9 reviews
9.0

Generic name: magnesium oxide systemic

Brand names:  Phillips' Cramp-free, Mag-200, MagGel, Uro-Mag …show all

Drug class: minerals and electrolytes

For consumers: dosage, interactions,

For professionals: A-Z Drug Facts

Doc-Q-Lace N N Add review
6.0

Generic name: docusate systemic

Drug class: laxatives

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: Prescribing Information

FiberCon N N 1 review
9.0

Generic name: polycarbophil systemic

Drug class: laxatives

For consumers: interactions, side effects

Phillips' Milk of Magnesia N N 116 reviews
8.0

Generic name: magnesium hydroxide systemic

Drug class: antacids, laxatives

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

magnesium citrate C N 246 reviews
8.0

Generic name: magnesium citrate systemic

Brand names:  Citrate of Magnesia, Citroma

Drug class: laxatives

For consumers: dosage, interactions,

For professionals: A-Z Drug Facts, Prescribing Information

Fleet Enema C N 29 reviews
9.0

Generic name: sodium biphosphate / sodium phosphate systemic

Drug class: laxatives

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

GlycoLax C N 1 review
6.0

Generic name: polyethylene glycol 3350 systemic

Drug class: laxatives

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

DOK N N Add review Rate

Generic name: docusate systemic

Drug class: laxatives

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

psyllium N N 9 reviews
8.0

Generic name: psyllium systemic

Brand names:  Metamucil, Konsyl, Hydrocil, Laxmar, Natural Fiber Therapy, Reguloid …show all

Drug class: laxatives

For consumers: dosage, interactions,

For professionals: A-Z Drug Facts

magnesium hydroxide N N 135 reviews
8.0

Generic name: magnesium hydroxide systemic

Brand names:  Milk of Magnesia, Phillips' Milk of Magnesia, Dulcolax Milk of Magnesia, Ex-Lax Milk of Magnesia, Pedia-Lax Chewable Tablets …show all

Drug class: antacids, laxatives

For consumers: dosage, interactions,

For professionals: A-Z Drug Facts

Doculase N N Add review Rate

Generic name: docusate systemic

Drug class: laxatives

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

linaclotide C N 61 reviews
7.0

Generic name: linaclotide systemic

Brand name:  Linzess

Drug class: guanylate cyclase-C agonists

For consumers: dosage, interactions,

For professionals: AHFS DI Monograph

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Topics under Constipation

Alternative treatments for Constipation

The following products are considered to be alternative treatments or natural remedies for Constipation. Their efficacy may not have been scientifically tested to the same degree as the drugs listed in the table above. However there may be historical, cultural or anecdotal evidence linking their use to the treatment of Constipation.

Legend

Off Label This medication may not be approved by the FDA for the treatment of this condition.
Prescription Only / Over the Counter
Rx Prescription Only
OTC Over the Counter
Rx/OTC Prescription or Over the Counter
Pregnancy
A Adequate and well-controlled studies have failed to demonstrate a risk to the fetus in the first trimester of pregnancy (and there is no evidence of risk in later trimesters).
B Animal reproduction studies have failed to demonstrate a risk to the fetus and there are no adequate and well-controlled studies in pregnant women.
C Animal reproduction studies have shown an adverse effect on the fetus and there are no adequate and well-controlled studies in humans, but potential benefits may warrant use in pregnant women despite potential risks.
D There is positive evidence of human fetal risk based on adverse reaction data from investigational or marketing experience or studies in humans, but potential benefits may warrant use in pregnant women despite potential risks.
X Studies in animals or humans have demonstrated fetal abnormalities and/or there is positive evidence of human fetal risk based on adverse reaction data from investigational or marketing experience, and the risks involved in use in pregnant women clearly outweigh potential benefits.
N FDA has not classified the drug.
Controlled Substances Act Schedule
N Is not subject to the Controlled Substances Act.
1 Has a high potential for abuse. Has no currently accepted medical use in treatment in the United States. There is a lack of accepted safety for use under medical supervision.
2 Has a high potential for abuse. Has a currently accepted medical use in treatment in the United States or a currently accepted medical use with severe restrictions. Abuse may lead to severe psychological or physical dependence.
3 Has a potential for abuse less than those in schedules 1 and 2. Has a currently accepted medical use in treatment in the United States. Abuse may lead to moderate or low physical dependence or high psychological dependence.
4 Has a low potential for abuse relative to those in schedule 3. It has a currently accepted medical use in treatment in the United States. Abuse may lead to limited physical dependence or psychological dependence relative to those in schedule 3.
5 Has a low potential for abuse relative to those in schedule 4. Has a currently accepted medical use in treatment in the United States. Abuse may lead to limited physical dependence or psychological dependence relative to those in schedule 4.
Alcohol
X Interacts with Alcohol.

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