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Metabolic Alkalosis

Medically reviewed by Last updated on Apr 2, 2024.

What is metabolic alkalosis?

Metabolic alkalosis is a condition caused by the loss of potassium or chloride in your blood, tissues, and muscles.

What are the signs and symptoms of metabolic alkalosis?

What increases my risk for metabolic alkalosis?

How is metabolic alkalosis diagnosed and treated?

Your healthcare provider will check the bicarbonate, potassium, and chloride levels in your blood or urine. Your provider will treat the cause of your metabolic alkalosis. You may be given medicines to replace sodium, potassium, or chloride, stop you from vomiting, or regulate your heartbeat. You may also be given fluid through an IV. Extra fluid helps remove substances such as bicarbonate that caused your metabolic alkalosis.

Treatment options

The following list of medications are related to or used in the treatment of this condition.

Call your local emergency number (911 in the US) if:

When should I call my doctor?

Care Agreement

You have the right to help plan your care. Learn about your health condition and how it may be treated. Discuss treatment options with your healthcare providers to decide what care you want to receive. You always have the right to refuse treatment. The above information is an educational aid only. It is not intended as medical advice for individual conditions or treatments. Talk to your doctor, nurse or pharmacist before following any medical regimen to see if it is safe and effective for you.

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Further information

Always consult your healthcare provider to ensure the information displayed on this page applies to your personal circumstances.