Carafate Side Effects
Generic name: sucralfate
Medically reviewed by Drugs.com. Last updated on Feb 6, 2023.
Note: This document contains side effect information about sucralfate. Some dosage forms listed on this page may not apply to the brand name Carafate.
Applies to sucralfate: oral suspension, oral tablet.
Serious side effects of Carafate
Along with its needed effects, sucralfate (the active ingredient contained in Carafate) may cause some unwanted effects. Although not all of these side effects may occur, if they do occur they may need medical attention.
Check with your doctor immediately if any of the following side effects occur while taking sucralfate:
Incidence not known
- Blue lips and fingernails
- blurred vision
- chest pain
- coughing that sometimes produces a pink frothy sputum
- difficult, fast, noisy breathing
- difficulty in swallowing
- dry mouth
- feeling of fullness
- flushed, dry skin
- fruit-like breath odor
- increased hunger
- increased sweating
- increased thirst
- increased urination
- loss of appetite
- pale skin
- slow or irregular breathing
- stomach pain
- swelling of the face, mouth, lips, or throat
- swelling of the legs and ankles
- tightness in the chest
- troubled breathing
- unexplained weight loss
- unusual tiredness or weakness
Other side effects of Carafate
Some side effects of sucralfate may occur that usually do not need medical attention. These side effects may go away during treatment as your body adjusts to the medicine. Also, your health care professional may be able to tell you about ways to prevent or reduce some of these side effects.
Check with your health care professional if any of the following side effects continue or are bothersome or if you have any questions about them:
- Back ache
- dizziness or lightheadedness
- excess air or gas in the stomach or intestines
- feeling of constant movement of self or surroundings
- hives, itching, skin rash
- passing gas
- sensation of spinning
- stomach cramps
- trouble sleeping
For Healthcare Professionals
Applies to sucralfate: compounding powder, oral suspension, oral tablet.
The most commonly reported side effect was constipation.[Ref]
Common (1% to 10%): Constipation
Uncommon (0.1% to 1%): Dry mouth, nausea
Rare (0.01% to 0.1%): Bezoar formation
Frequency not reported: Diarrhea, flatulence, gastric discomfort, indigestion, vomiting
Common (1% to 10%): Headache
Postmarketing reports: Cerebral emboli[Ref]
Encephalopathy occurred in patients with chronic renal impairment and/or on long-term treatment.
Cerebral emboli occurred in patients receiving IV administration.[Ref]
Uncommon (0.1% to 1%): Urticaria
Rare (0.01% to 0.1%): Rash
Frequency not reported: Pruritus
Postmarketing reports: Face edema[Ref]
Osteodystrophy and osteomalacia occurred in patients with chronic renal impairment and/or on long-term treatment.[Ref]
Frequency not reported: Dyspnea
Postmarketing reports: Bronchospasm, laryngeal edema, pharyngeal edema, pulmonary emboli, respiratory tract edema[Ref]
Frequency not reported: Thirst
Postmarketing reports: Face edema[Ref]
Anemia occurred in patients with chronic renal impairment and/or on long-term treatment.[Ref]
Frequency not reported: Edema[Ref]
Frequently asked questions
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Related treatment guides
1. Product Information. Carafate (sucralfate). Hoechst Marion Roussel. 2001.
2. Cerner Multum, Inc. UK Summary of Product Characteristics.
3. Cerner Multum, Inc. Australian Product Information.
Always consult your healthcare provider to ensure the information displayed on this page applies to your personal circumstances.
Some side effects may not be reported. You may report them to the FDA.