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Medically reviewed by Last updated on May 6, 2024.

What is dizziness?

Dizziness is a feeling of being off balance or unsteady. Common causes of dizziness are an inner ear fluid imbalance or a lack of oxygen in your blood. Dizziness may be acute (lasts 3 days or less) or chronic (lasts longer than 3 days). You may have dizzy spells that last from seconds to a few hours.

What increases my risk for dizziness?

Dizziness may get worse during certain activities or when you move a certain way. The following may also increase your risk for dizziness:

What signs and symptoms may happen with dizziness?

How is the cause of dizziness diagnosed?

Your healthcare provider may ask when the dizziness started. Tell the provider if you have dizzy spells, and how long they last. Tell the provider what happens before you become dizzy. The provider will ask if you have other health conditions and if you take any medicines. The provider will check your blood pressure and pulse to see if your dizziness may be related to your heart. Your balance, strength, reflexes, and the way you walk may also be checked. You may need any of the following tests to help find the cause of your dizziness:

How is dizziness treated?

Treatment will depend on the cause of your dizziness. Your healthcare provider may give you oxygen or medicines to decrease your dizziness and nausea. Your provider may also refer you to a specialist. You may need to be admitted to the hospital for treatment.

Treatment options

The following list of medications are related to or used in the treatment of this condition.

View more treatment options

How can I manage my symptoms?

When should I seek immediate care?

When should I contact my healthcare provider?

Care Agreement

You have the right to help plan your care. Learn about your health condition and how it may be treated. Discuss treatment options with your healthcare providers to decide what care you want to receive. You always have the right to refuse treatment. The above information is an educational aid only. It is not intended as medical advice for individual conditions or treatments. Talk to your doctor, nurse or pharmacist before following any medical regimen to see if it is safe and effective for you.

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Learn more about Dizziness

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Further information

Always consult your healthcare provider to ensure the information displayed on this page applies to your personal circumstances.