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Dry Mouth

Medically reviewed by Last updated on Apr 2, 2024.

What do I need to know about dry mouth?

Dry mouth, or xerostomia, is a lack of saliva (spit). Saliva helps protect your teeth from decay and your mouth from bacterial infection. Saliva also helps you chew, swallow, and digest food. Dry mouth happens when your saliva glands are not working properly. This causes a decrease in the amount of saliva your mouth produces.

What increases my risk for dry mouth?

What other signs and symptoms might I have?

How is dry mouth diagnosed?

Your healthcare provider will examine your mouth and ask about your medicines. You may need any of the following:

How is dry mouth treated?

If your dry mouth is caused by medicines, your healthcare provider may change your medicine or adjust the dose. Your provider may recommend saliva substitutes that help keep your mouth moist. You may also need medicines that help increase your saliva production.

Treatment options

The following list of medications are related to or used in the treatment of this condition.

View more treatment options

How can I manage my symptoms?

When should I seek immediate care?

When should I call my doctor?

Care Agreement

You have the right to help plan your care. Learn about your health condition and how it may be treated. Discuss treatment options with your healthcare providers to decide what care you want to receive. You always have the right to refuse treatment. The above information is an educational aid only. It is not intended as medical advice for individual conditions or treatments. Talk to your doctor, nurse or pharmacist before following any medical regimen to see if it is safe and effective for you.

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Learn more about Dry Mouth

Treatment options

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Further information

Always consult your healthcare provider to ensure the information displayed on this page applies to your personal circumstances.