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Medications for Heart Failure (Congestive Heart Failure)

Other names: CHF

About Heart Failure:  The purpose of the heart is to pump blood, which contains oxygen and nutrients, to the rest of the body. Congestive Heart Failure (CHF) is simply the failure of the heart to perform this main function adequately. Of course, a lack of blood pumped to the body is only considered CHF if the heart actually receives a sufficient volume of blood from the incoming vessels in the first place (i.e., normal filling pressures). When there is not enough blood for the heart to pump out, the problem is not CHF.

Congestive Heart Failure occurs when the flow of blood from the heart (cardiac output) decreases, or fluid backs-up behind the failing ventricle, or both.

Drugs Used to Treat Heart Failure

The following list of medications are in some way related to, or used in the treatment of this condition.

Drug name Rx / OTC Pregnancy CSA Alcohol Reviews Rating Popularity
furosemide C N X 8 reviews
8.0

Generic name: furosemide systemic

Brand name:  Lasix

Drug class: loop diuretics

For consumers: dosage, interactions,

For professionals: A-Z Drug Facts, AHFS DI Monograph, Prescribing Information

Lasix C N X 1 review
9.0

Generic name: furosemide systemic

Drug class: loop diuretics

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: AHFS DI Monograph, Prescribing Information

carvedilol C N X 34 reviews
8.0

Generic name: carvedilol systemic

Brand names:  Coreg, Coreg CR

Drug class: non-cardioselective beta blockers

For consumers: dosage, interactions,

For professionals: A-Z Drug Facts, AHFS DI Monograph, Prescribing Information

Coreg C N X 18 reviews
9.0

Generic name: carvedilol systemic

Drug class: non-cardioselective beta blockers

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: Prescribing Information

spironolactone C N X 4 reviews
5.0

Generic name: spironolactone systemic

Brand names:  Aldactone, CaroSpir

Drug class: potassium-sparing diuretics, aldosterone receptor antagonists

For consumers: dosage, interactions,

For professionals: A-Z Drug Facts, AHFS DI Monograph, Prescribing Information

lisinopril D N 5 reviews
7.0

Generic name: lisinopril systemic

Brand names:  Prinivil, Zestril, Qbrelis

Drug class: Angiotensin Converting Enzyme Inhibitors

For consumers: dosage, interactions,

For professionals: A-Z Drug Facts, AHFS DI Monograph, Prescribing Information

digoxin C N 3 reviews
6.0

Generic name: digoxin systemic

Brand names:  Lanoxin, Digox, Digitek, Lanoxicaps …show all

Drug class: inotropic agents, group V antiarrhythmics

For consumers: dosage, interactions,

For professionals: A-Z Drug Facts, AHFS DI Monograph, Prescribing Information

Metoprolol Succinate ER C N X Add review
9.0

Generic name: metoprolol systemic

Drug class: cardioselective beta blockers

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

metoprolol C N X 4 reviews
7.0

Generic name: metoprolol systemic

Brand names:  Metoprolol Succinate ER, Toprol-XL, Kapspargo Sprinkle

Drug class: cardioselective beta blockers

For consumers: dosage, interactions,

For professionals: A-Z Drug Facts, AHFS DI Monograph, Prescribing Information

Aldactone C N X 2 reviews
4.0

Generic name: spironolactone systemic

Drug class: potassium-sparing diuretics, aldosterone receptor antagonists

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: AHFS DI Monograph, Prescribing Information

Accupril D N 1 review
5.0

Generic name: quinapril systemic

Drug class: Angiotensin Converting Enzyme Inhibitors

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: AHFS DI Monograph, Prescribing Information

isosorbide mononitrate C N 4 reviews
6.0

Generic name: isosorbide mononitrate systemic

Brand name:  Monoket

Drug class: antianginal agents

For consumers: dosage, interactions,

For professionals: A-Z Drug Facts, Prescribing Information

Coumadin D N X Add review
6.0

Generic name: warfarin systemic

Drug class: coumarins and indandiones

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: AHFS DI Monograph, Prescribing Information

warfarin D N X 1 review
6.0

Generic name: warfarin systemic

Brand names:  Coumadin, Jantoven

Drug class: coumarins and indandiones

For consumers: dosage, interactions,

For professionals: A-Z Drug Facts, AHFS DI Monograph, Prescribing Information

amlodipine C N 2 reviews
7.0

Generic name: amlodipine systemic

Brand name:  Norvasc

Drug class: calcium channel blocking agents

For consumers: dosage, interactions,

For professionals: A-Z Drug Facts, AHFS DI Monograph, Prescribing Information

Cardizem C N Add review Rate

Generic name: diltiazem systemic

Drug class: calcium channel blocking agents, group IV antiarrhythmics

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: Prescribing Information

Altace D N 1 review
9.0

Generic name: ramipril systemic

Drug class: Angiotensin Converting Enzyme Inhibitors

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: AHFS DI Monograph, Prescribing Information

Lanoxin C N Add review
5.0

Generic name: digoxin systemic

Drug class: inotropic agents, group V antiarrhythmics

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: Prescribing Information

Norvasc C N 1 review
7.0

Generic name: amlodipine systemic

Drug class: calcium channel blocking agents

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: AHFS DI Monograph, Prescribing Information

Diovan D N Add review Rate

Generic name: valsartan systemic

Drug class: angiotensin receptor blockers

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: Prescribing Information

Toprol-XL C N X 1 review
8.0

Generic name: metoprolol systemic

Drug class: cardioselective beta blockers

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: Prescribing Information

Nitrostat C N X 1 review
10

Generic name: nitroglycerin systemic

Drug class: antianginal agents, vasodilators

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: Prescribing Information

hydralazine C N 1 review Rate

Generic name: hydralazine systemic

Brand name:  Apresoline

Drug class: vasodilators

For consumers: dosage, interactions,

For professionals: A-Z Drug Facts, AHFS DI Monograph, Prescribing Information

Prinivil D N Add review
7.0

Generic name: lisinopril systemic

Drug class: Angiotensin Converting Enzyme Inhibitors

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: Prescribing Information

Zestril D N Add review
8.0

Generic name: lisinopril systemic

Drug class: Angiotensin Converting Enzyme Inhibitors

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: Prescribing Information

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Topics under Heart Failure

Learn more about Heart Failure (Congestive Heart Failure)

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Legend

Off Label This medication may not be approved by the FDA for the treatment of this condition.
Prescription Only / Over the Counter
Rx Prescription Only
OTC Over the Counter
Rx/OTC Prescription or Over the Counter
Pregnancy
A Adequate and well-controlled studies have failed to demonstrate a risk to the fetus in the first trimester of pregnancy (and there is no evidence of risk in later trimesters).
B Animal reproduction studies have failed to demonstrate a risk to the fetus and there are no adequate and well-controlled studies in pregnant women.
C Animal reproduction studies have shown an adverse effect on the fetus and there are no adequate and well-controlled studies in humans, but potential benefits may warrant use in pregnant women despite potential risks.
D There is positive evidence of human fetal risk based on adverse reaction data from investigational or marketing experience or studies in humans, but potential benefits may warrant use in pregnant women despite potential risks.
X Studies in animals or humans have demonstrated fetal abnormalities and/or there is positive evidence of human fetal risk based on adverse reaction data from investigational or marketing experience, and the risks involved in use in pregnant women clearly outweigh potential benefits.
N FDA has not classified the drug.
Controlled Substances Act Schedule
N Is not subject to the Controlled Substances Act.
1 Has a high potential for abuse. Has no currently accepted medical use in treatment in the United States. There is a lack of accepted safety for use under medical supervision.
2 Has a high potential for abuse. Has a currently accepted medical use in treatment in the United States or a currently accepted medical use with severe restrictions. Abuse may lead to severe psychological or physical dependence.
3 Has a potential for abuse less than those in schedules 1 and 2. Has a currently accepted medical use in treatment in the United States. Abuse may lead to moderate or low physical dependence or high psychological dependence.
4 Has a low potential for abuse relative to those in schedule 3. It has a currently accepted medical use in treatment in the United States. Abuse may lead to limited physical dependence or psychological dependence relative to those in schedule 3.
5 Has a low potential for abuse relative to those in schedule 4. Has a currently accepted medical use in treatment in the United States. Abuse may lead to limited physical dependence or psychological dependence relative to those in schedule 4.
Alcohol
X Interacts with Alcohol.

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