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Lanoxin Dosage

Generic name: DIGOXIN 250ug in 1mL
Dosage form: injection, solution

The information at Drugs.com is not a substitute for medical advice. Always consult your doctor or pharmacist.

Important Dosing and Administration Information

In selecting a LANOXIN dosing regimen, it is important to consider factors that affect digoxin blood levels (e.g., body weight, age, renal function, concomitant drugs) since toxic levels of digoxin are only slightly higher than therapeutic levels. Dosing can be either initiated with a loading dose followed by maintenance dosing if rapid titration is desired or initiated with maintenance dosing without a loading dose.

Parenteral administration of digoxin should be used only when the need for rapid digitalization is urgent or when the drug cannot be taken orally. Intramuscular injection can lead to severe pain at the injection site, thus intravenous administration is preferred. If the drug must be administered by the intramuscular route, it should be injected deep into the muscle followed by massage. For adults, no more than 500 mcg of LANOXIN Injection should be injected into a single site. For pediatric patients, no more than 200 mcg of LANOXIN Injection Pediatric should be injected into a single site.

Administer the dose over a period of 5 minutes or longer and avoid bolus administration to prevent systemic and coronary vasoconstriction. Mixing of LANOXIN Injection and Injection Pediatric with other drugs in the same container or simultaneous administration in the same intravenous line is not recommended.

LANOXIN Injection and Injection Pediatric can be administered undiluted or diluted with a 4-fold or greater volume of Sterile Water for Injection, 0.9% Sodium Chloride Injection, or 5% Dextrose Injection. The use of less than a 4-fold volume of diluent could lead to precipitation of the digoxin. Immediate use of the diluted product is recommended.

If tuberculin syringes are used to measure very small doses do not flush with the parenteral solution after its contents are expelled into an indwelling vascular catheter to avoid overadministration of digoxin.

Consider interruption or reduction in LANOXIN dose prior to electrical cardioversion [see Warnings and Precautions (5.4)].

Loading Dosing Regimen in Adults and Pediatric Patients

Table 1. Recommended LANOXIN Injection Loading Dose
mcg = microgram

Age

Total IV Loading Dose (mcg/kg)
     Administer half the total loading dose initially,     
then ¼ the loading dose every 6-8 hours twice

Premature

15-25

Full-Term

20-30

1-24 Months

30-50

2-5 Years

25-35

5-10 Years

15-30

Adults and pediatric patients over 10 years     

8-12

Maintenance Dosing in Adults and Pediatric Patients Over 10 Years Old

The maintenance dose is based on lean body weight, renal function, age, and concomitant products [see Clinical Pharmacology (12.3)].

The recommended starting maintenance doses in adults and pediatric patients over 10 years old with normal renal function are given in Table 2. Doses may be increased every 2 weeks according to clinical response, serum drug levels, and toxicity.

Table 2. Recommended Starting LANOXIN Injection Maintenance Dosage in Adults and Pediatric Patients Over 10 Years Old
mcg = microgram

Age

     Total Intravenous Maintenance Dose,     
mcg/kg/day
(given once daily)

Adults and pediatric patients over 10 years     

2.4-3.6

Table 3 provides the recommended (once daily) maintenance dose for adults and pediatric patients over 10 years old (to be given once daily) according to lean body weight and renal function. The doses are based on studies in adult patients with heart failure. Alternatively, the maintenance dose may be estimated by the following formula (peak body stores lost each day through elimination):

Total Maintenance Dose = Loading Dose (i.e., Peak Body Stores) x % Daily Loss/100
(% Daily Loss = 14 + Creatinine clearance/5)

Reduce the dose of LANOXIN in patients whose lean weight is an abnormally small fraction of their total body mass because of obesity or edema.

Table 3. Recommended Maintenance Dose (in micrograms given once daily) of LANOXIN Injection in Pediatric Patients Over 10 Years Old and Adults by Lean Body Weight and by Renal Function
a  For adults, creatinine clearance was corrected to 70-kg body weight or 1.73 m2 body surface area. If only serum creatinine concentrations (Scr) are available, a corrected Ccr may be estimated in men as (140 – Age)/Scr. For women, this result should be multiplied by 0.85.
For pediatric patients, the modified Schwartz equation may be used. The formula is based on height in cm and Scr in mg/dL where k is a constant. Ccr is corrected to 1.73 m2 body surface area. During the first year of life, the value of k is 0.33 for pre-term babies and 0.45 for term infants. The k is 0.55 for pediatric patients and adolescent girls and 0.7 for adolescent boys.
GFR (mL/min/1.73 m2) = (k x Height)/Scr
b  If no loading dose administered
c  The doses listed assume average body composition.

     Corrected     
Creatinine Clearancea

Lean Body Weightc

     Number of Days 
Before Steady
State Achievedb

  kg  

   40   

   50   

   60   

   70   

   80   

   90   

   100   

10 mL/min

64

80

96

112

128

144

160

19

20 mL/min

72

90

108

126

144

162

180

16

30 mL/min

80

100

120

140

160

180

200

14

40 mL/min

88

110

132

154

176

198

220

13

50 mL/min

96

120

144

168

192

216

240

12

60 mL/min

104

130

156

182

208

234

260

11

70 mL/min

112

140

168

196

224

252

280

10

80 mL/min

120

150

180

210

240

270

300

9

90 mL/min

128

160

192

224

256

288

320

8

100 mL/min

136

170

204

238

272

306

340

7

Maintenance Dosing in Pediatric Patients Less Than 10 Years Old

The starting maintenance dose for heart failure in pediatric patients less than 10 years old is based on lean body weight, renal function, age, and concomitant products [see Clinical Pharmacology (12.3)]. The recommended starting maintenance doses for pediatric patients are given in Table 4. These recommendations assume the presence of normal renal function.

Table 4. Recommended Starting LANOXIN Injection Maintenance Dosage in Pediatric Patients Less Than 10 Years Old
mcg = microgram

Age

Dose Regimen,
mcg/kg/dose
     (given TWICE daily)     

Premature          

1.9-3.1

Full-Term

3.0-4.5

1-24 Months

4.5-7.5

2-5 Years

3.8-5.3

5-10 Years

2.3-4.5

Table 5 provides average daily maintenance dose requirements for pediatric patients less than 10 years old (to be given twice daily) with heart failure based on age, lean body weight, and renal function.

Table 5. Recommended Maintenance Dose (in micrograms given TWICE daily) of LANOXIN Injection in Pediatric Patients Less Than 10 Years of Agea Based upon Lean Body Weight and Renal Functiona
a  Recommended are doses to be given twice daily.
b  The modified Schwartz equation may be used to estimate creatinine clearance. See footnote a under Table 3.
c  If no loading dose administered.

     Corrected     
Creatinine Clearanceb

Lean Body Weight

     Number of Days 
Before Steady
State Achievedc

  kg  

   5   

   10   

   20   

   30   

   40   

   50   

   60   

10 mL/min

8

16

32

48

64

80

96

19

20 mL/min

9

18

36

54

72

90

108

16

30 mL/min

10

20

40

60

80

100

120

14

40 mL/min

11

22

44

66

88

110

132

13

50 mL/min

12

24

48

72

96

120

144

12

60 mL/min

13

26

52

78

104

130

156

11

70 mL/min

14

28

56

84

112

140

168

10

80 mL/min

15

30

60

90

120

150

180

9

90 mL/min

16

32

64

96

128

160

192

8

100 mL/min

17

34

68

102

136

170

204

7

Monitoring to Assess Safety, Efficacy, and Therapeutic Blood Levels

Monitor for signs and symptoms of digoxin toxicity and clinical response. Adjust dose based on toxicity, efficacy, and blood levels.

Serum digoxin levels less than 0.5 ng/mL have been associated with diminished efficacy, while levels above 2 ng/mL have been associated with increased toxicity without increased benefit.

Interpret the serum digoxin concentration in the overall clinical context, and do not use an isolated measurement of serum digoxin concentration as the basis for increasing or decreasing the LANOXIN dose. Serum digoxin concentrations may be falsely elevated by endogenous digoxin-like substances [see Drug Interactions (7.4)]. If the assay is sensitive to these substances, consider obtaining a baseline digoxin level before starting LANOXIN and correct post-treatment values by the reported baseline level.

Obtain serum digoxin concentrations just before the next scheduled LANOXIN dose or at least 6 hours after the last dose. The digoxin concentration is likely to be 10-25% lower when sampled right before the next dose (24 hours after dosing) compared to sampling 8 hours after dosing (using once-daily dosing). However, there will be only minor differences in digoxin concentrations using twice daily dosing whether sampling is done at 8 or 12 hours after a dose.

Switching from Intravenous Digoxin to Oral Digoxin

When switching from intravenous to oral digoxin formulations, make allowances for differences in bioavailability when calculating maintenance dosages (see Table 6).

Table 6. Comparison of the Systemic Availability and Equivalent Doses of Oral and Intravenous LANOXIN

Absolute      Bioavailability     

Equivalent Doses (mcg)

LANOXIN Tablets

60-80%

   62.5   

   125   

   250   

   500   

LANOXIN Intravenous Injection     

100%

50

100

200

400

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