Diabetes, Type 2 Medications
Definition of Diabetes, Type 2:
Type 2 diabetes is characterized by "insulin resistance" as body cells do not respond appropriately when insulin is present. This is a more complex problem than type 1, but is sometimes easier to treat, since insulin is still produced, especially in the initial years. Type 2 may go unnoticed for years in a patient before diagnosis, since the symptoms are typically milder (no ketoacidosis) and can be sporadic. However, severe complications can result from unnoticed type 2 diabetes, including renal failure, and coronary artery disease. Type 2 diabetes was formerly known by a variety of partially misleading names, including "adult-onset diabetes", "obesity-related diabetes", "insulin-resistant diabetes", or "non-insulin-dependent diabetes" (NIDDM). It may be caused by a number of diseases, such as hemochromatosis and polycystic ovary syndrome, and can also be caused by certain types of medications (e.g. long-term steroid use). About 90-95% of all North American cases of diabetes are type 2, and about 20% of the population over the age of 65 is a type 2 diabetic. The fraction of type 2 diabetics in other parts of the world varies substantially, almost certainly for environmental and lifestyle reasons. There is also a strong inheritable genetic connection in type 2 diabetes: having relatives (especially first degree) with type 2 is a considerable risk factor for developing type 2 diabetes. The majority of patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus are obese - chronic obesity leads to increased insulin resistance that can develop into diabetes, most likely because adipose tissue is a (recently identified) source of chemical signals (hormones and cytokines).
Drugs associated with Diabetes, Type 2
The following drugs and medications are in some way related to, or used in the treatment of Diabetes, Type 2. This service should be used as a supplement to, and NOT a substitute for, the expertise, skill, knowledge and judgment of healthcare practitioners.
Alternative treatments for Diabetes, Type 2
The following products are considered to be alternative treatments or natural remedies for Diabetes, Type 2. Their efficacy may not have been scientifially tested to the same degree as the drugs listed in the table above. However there may be historical, cultural or anecdotal evidence linking their use to the treatment of Diabetes, Type 2.
Topics under Diabetes, Type 2
- Diabetic Coma, in DM Type II (0 drugs)
- Diabetic Ketoacidosis, in DM Type II (0 drugs)
Learn more about Diabetes, Type 2
Micromedex® Care Notes:
- Diabetes Mellitus Type 2 In Adults
- Diabetes Mellitus Type 2 In Children
- Diabetic Gastroparesis
- Diabetic Hyperglycemia
- Diabetic Hypoglycemia
- Diabetic Neuropathy
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Mayo Clinic Reference:
Synonym(s): Diabetes; Noninsulin-dependent Diabetes; Type 2 Diabetes