Generic Name: dapagliflozin (DAP a gli FLOE zin)
Brand Names: Farxiga
What is Farxiga?
Farxiga (dapagliflozin) is an oral diabetes medicine that helps control blood sugar levels. Dapagliflozin works by helping the kidneys get rid of glucose from your bloodstream.
You should not use Farxiga if you have severe kidney disease, if you are on dialysis, or if you are in a state of diabetic ketoacidosis (call your doctor for treatment with insulin). Farxiga is not for treating type 1 diabetes.
Before taking this medicine
You should not use Farxiga if you are allergic to dapagliflozin, or if you have:
kidney disease (or if you are on dialysis);
bladder cancer; or
if you are in a state of diabetic ketoacidosis (call your doctor for treatment with insulin).
To make sure Farxiga is safe for you, tell your doctor if you have:
low blood pressure;
high cholesterol levels.
a history of bladder cancer;
if you use insulin or take other oral diabetes medications;
if you are on a low salt diet; or
if you take blood pressure medicine.
FDA pregnancy category C. It is not known whether Farxiga will harm an unborn baby. Tell your doctor if you are pregnant or plan to become pregnant while using this medicine.
See also: Pregnancy and breastfeeding warnings (in more detail)
It is not known whether dapagliflozin passes into breast milk or if it could harm a nursing baby. You should not breast-feed while using Farxiga.
Do not give this medicine to anyone under 18 years old without medical advice.
How should I take Farxiga?
Farxiga is usually taken once per day in the morning. Follow all directions on your prescription label. Your doctor may occasionally change your dose to make sure you get the best results. Do not take this medicine in larger or smaller amounts or for longer than recommended.
You may take Farxiga with or without food, but take it the same way each time.
Your blood sugar will need to be checked often, and you may need other medical tests at your doctor's office.
You may have very low blood pressure while taking Farxiga. Call your doctor if you are sick with vomiting or diarrhea, or if you are sweating more than usual.
Low blood sugar (hypoglycemia) can happen to everyone who has diabetes. Symptoms include headache, hunger, sweating, pale skin, irritability, dizziness, feeling shaky, or trouble concentrating. Always keep a source of sugar with you in case you have low blood sugar. Sugar sources include fruit juice, hard candy, crackers, raisins, and non-diet soda. Be sure your family and close friends know how to help you in an emergency.
If you have severe hypoglycemia and cannot eat or drink, use a glucagon injection. Your doctor can prescribe a glucagon emergency injection kit and tell you how to use it.
Also watch for signs of high blood sugar (hyperglycemia) such as increased thirst, increased urination, hunger, dry mouth, fruity breath odor, drowsiness, dry skin, blurred vision, and weight loss.
Check your blood sugar carefully during times of stress, travel, illness, surgery or medical emergency, vigorous exercise, or if you drink alcohol or skip meals. These things can affect your glucose levels and your dose needs may also change. Do not change your Farxiga dose or dosing schedule without your doctor's advice.
This medicine can cause positive results with certain lab tests for glucose (sugar) in the urine. Tell any doctor who treats you that you are using Farxiga.
Farxiga is only part of a treatment program that may also include diet, exercise, weight control, regular blood sugar testing, and special medical care. Follow your doctor's instructions very closely.
Store at room temperature away from moisture and heat.
Farxiga dosing information
Usual Adult Dose for Diabetes Type 2:
Initial dose: 5 mg orally once daily in the AM, may increase to 10 mg orally once daily in the AM if additional glycemic control is required
Maximum dose: 10 mg orally once daily in the AM
-For patients who are volume depleted, this condition should be corrected prior to initiation of Farxiga.
Approved indication: As an adjunct to diet and exercise to improve glycemic control in adults with type 2 diabetes mellitus
What happens if I miss a dose?
Take the missed dose as soon as you remember. Skip the missed dose if it is almost time for your next scheduled dose. Do not take extra medicine to make up the missed dose.
What happens if I overdose?
Seek emergency medical attention or call the Poison Help line at 1-800-222-1222.
What should I avoid while taking Farxiga?
Avoid getting up too fast from a sitting or lying position, or you may feel dizzy. Get up slowly and steady yourself to prevent a fall.
Farxiga side effects
Get emergency medical help if you have any of these signs of an allergic reaction to Farxiga: hives; difficult breathing; swelling of your face, lips, tongue, or throat.
Call your doctor at once if you have:
a light-headed feeling, like you might pass out;
burning when you urinate;
blood in your urine, bright red urine, painful or difficult urination, urinating more than usual;
signs of a genital infection (penis or vagina), such as pain, burning, itching, or discharge;
swelling, rapid weight gain, little or no urinating; or
if you feel very thirsty or hot, are unable to urinate, and have heavy sweating or hot and dry skin.
Side effects may be more likely to occur in older adults.
Common Farxiga side effects may include:
sore throat, stuffy nose, flu symptoms;
This is not a complete list of side effects and others may occur. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.
See also: Side effects (in more detail)
What other drugs will affect Farxiga?
Other drugs may interact with dapagliflozin, including prescription and over-the-counter medicines, vitamins, and herbal products. Tell each of your health care providers about all medicines you use now and any medicine you start or stop using.
More about Farxiga (dapagliflozin)
Related treatment guides
Where can I get more information?
- Your pharmacist can provide more information about Farxiga.
- Remember, keep this and all other medicines out of the reach of children, never share your medicines with others, and use Farxiga only for the indication prescribed.
- Disclaimer: Every effort has been made to ensure that the information provided by Cerner Multum, Inc. ('Multum') is accurate, up-to-date, and complete, but no guarantee is made to that effect. Drug information contained herein may be time sensitive. Multum information has been compiled for use by healthcare practitioners and consumers in the United States and therefore Multum does not warrant that uses outside of the United States are appropriate, unless specifically indicated otherwise. Multum's drug information does not endorse drugs, diagnose patients or recommend therapy. Multum's drug information is an informational resource designed to assist licensed healthcare practitioners in caring for their patients and/or to serve consumers viewing this service as a supplement to, and not a substitute for, the expertise, skill, knowledge and judgment of healthcare practitioners. The absence of a warning for a given drug or drug combination in no way should be construed to indicate that the drug or drug combination is safe, effective or appropriate for any given patient. Multum does not assume any responsibility for any aspect of healthcare administered with the aid of information Multum provides. The information contained herein is not intended to cover all possible uses, directions, precautions, warnings, drug interactions, allergic reactions, or adverse effects. If you have questions about the drugs you are taking, check with your doctor, nurse or pharmacist.
Copyright 1996-2015 Cerner Multum, Inc. Version: 2.01. Revision Date: 2014-04-21, 11:13:48 AM.