Skip to Content

Medications for Ulcerative Colitis

Other names: Colitis, Ulcerative

About Ulcerative Colitis

Ulcerative colitis is a chronic, episodic, inflammatory disease of the large intestine and rectum characterized by bloody diarrhea.

Drugs used to treat Ulcerative Colitis

The following list of medications are in some way related to, or used in the treatment of this condition.

Drug name Rating Reviews Activity ? Rx/OTC Pregnancy CSA Alcohol
Lialda 7.1 24 reviews
Rx B N

Generic name: mesalamine systemic

Drug class: 5-aminosalicylates

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: Prescribing Information

mesalamine 6.9 84 reviews
Rx B N

Generic name: mesalamine systemic

Brand names:  Lialda, Apriso, Asacol, Pentasa, Asacol HD, Delzicol, Rowasa, Zaldyon …show all

Drug class: 5-aminosalicylates

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: A-Z Drug Facts, AHFS DI Monograph, Prescribing Information

Humira 5.7 45 reviews
Rx B N

Generic name: adalimumab systemic

Drug class: antirheumatics, TNF alfa inhibitors

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: Prescribing Information

Entyvio 5.6 57 reviews
Rx B N

Generic name: vedolizumab systemic

Drug class: selective immunosuppressants

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: Prescribing Information

azathioprine 6.7 22 reviews
Rx D N

Generic name: azathioprine systemic

Brand names:  Imuran, Azasan

Drug class: antirheumatics, other immunosuppressants

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: A-Z Drug Facts, AHFS DI Monograph, Prescribing Information

Apriso 6.9 20 reviews
Rx B N

Generic name: mesalamine systemic

Drug class: 5-aminosalicylates

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: Prescribing Information

Remicade 6.7 35 reviews
Rx B N

Generic name: infliximab systemic

Drug class: antirheumatics, TNF alfa inhibitors

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: Prescribing Information

sulfasalazine 5.5 19 reviews
Rx B N

Generic name: sulfasalazine systemic

Brand names:  Azulfidine, Azulfidine EN-tabs

Drug class: antirheumatics, 5-aminosalicylates

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: A-Z Drug Facts, AHFS DI Monograph, Prescribing Information

balsalazide 6.8 15 reviews
Rx B N

Generic name: balsalazide systemic

Brand name:  Colazal

Drug class: 5-aminosalicylates

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: A-Z Drug Facts, AHFS DI Monograph, Prescribing Information

adalimumab 5.6 46 reviews
Rx B N

Generic name: adalimumab systemic

Brand names:  Humira, Abrilada, Amjevita, Cyltezo, Hadlima, Hulio, Hyrimoz …show all

Drug class: antirheumatics, TNF alfa inhibitors

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: A-Z Drug Facts, AHFS DI Monograph, Prescribing Information

vedolizumab 5.8 65 reviews
Rx B N

Generic name: vedolizumab systemic

Brand name:  Entyvio

Drug class: selective immunosuppressants

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: A-Z Drug Facts, AHFS DI Monograph

Xeljanz 6.9 14 reviews
Rx C N

Generic name: tofacitinib systemic

Drug class: antirheumatics

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: Prescribing Information

budesonide 6.0 27 reviews
Rx C N

Generic name: budesonide systemic

Brand name:  Uceris

Drug class: inhaled corticosteroids, glucocorticoids

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: A-Z Drug Facts, AHFS DI Monograph, Prescribing Information

Asacol 5.2 10 reviews
Rx B N

Generic name: mesalamine systemic

Drug class: 5-aminosalicylates

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: Prescribing Information

tofacitinib 6.7 16 reviews
Rx C N

Generic name: tofacitinib systemic

Brand names:  Xeljanz, Xeljanz XR

Drug class: antirheumatics

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: A-Z Drug Facts, AHFS DI Monograph

Stelara 1.5 2 reviews
Rx B N

Generic name: ustekinumab systemic

Drug class: interleukin inhibitors

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: Prescribing Information

Xeljanz XR Rate Add review
Rx C N

Generic name: tofacitinib systemic

Drug class: antirheumatics

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

ustekinumab 4.0 5 reviews
Rx B N

Generic name: ustekinumab systemic

Brand name:  Stelara

Drug class: interleukin inhibitors

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: A-Z Drug Facts, AHFS DI Monograph

Imuran 6.9 11 reviews
Rx D N

Generic name: azathioprine systemic

Drug class: antirheumatics, other immunosuppressants

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: Prescribing Information

Pentasa 7.6 10 reviews
Rx B N

Generic name: mesalamine systemic

Drug class: 5-aminosalicylates

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: Prescribing Information

Asacol HD 6.5 2 reviews
Rx B N

Generic name: mesalamine systemic

Drug class: 5-aminosalicylates

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: Prescribing Information

Delzicol 9.3 3 reviews
Rx B N

Generic name: mesalamine systemic

Drug class: 5-aminosalicylates

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: Prescribing Information

Uceris 5.9 17 reviews
Rx C N

Generic name: budesonide systemic

Drug class: glucocorticoids

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: Prescribing Information

Colazal 6.2 6 reviews
Rx B N

Generic name: balsalazide systemic

Drug class: 5-aminosalicylates

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: Prescribing Information

hydrocortisone 1.0 2 reviews
Rx C N

Generic name: hydrocortisone systemic

Brand names:  Cortenema, Colocort, Cortef, Solu-Cortef …show all

Drug class: glucocorticoids

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: A-Z Drug Facts, AHFS DI Monograph, Prescribing Information

Topics under Ulcerative Colitis

Learn more about Ulcerative Colitis

IBM Watson Micromedex

Symptoms and treatments

Mayo Clinic Reference

Legend

Rating For ratings, users were asked how effective they found the medicine while considering positive/adverse effects and ease of use (1 = not effective, 10 = most effective).
Activity Activity is based on recent site visitor activity relative to other medications in the list.
Rx Prescription Only.
OTC Over the Counter.
Rx/OTC Prescription or Over the Counter.
Off-label This medication may not be approved by the FDA for the treatment of this condition.
EUA An Emergency Use Authorization (EUA) allows the FDA to authorize unapproved medical products or unapproved uses of approved medical products to be used in a declared public health emergency when there are no adequate, approved, and available alternatives.
Pregnancy Category
A Adequate and well-controlled studies have failed to demonstrate a risk to the fetus in the first trimester of pregnancy (and there is no evidence of risk in later trimesters).
B Animal reproduction studies have failed to demonstrate a risk to the fetus and there are no adequate and well-controlled studies in pregnant women.
C Animal reproduction studies have shown an adverse effect on the fetus and there are no adequate and well-controlled studies in humans, but potential benefits may warrant use in pregnant women despite potential risks.
D There is positive evidence of human fetal risk based on adverse reaction data from investigational or marketing experience or studies in humans, but potential benefits may warrant use in pregnant women despite potential risks.
X Studies in animals or humans have demonstrated fetal abnormalities and/or there is positive evidence of human fetal risk based on adverse reaction data from investigational or marketing experience, and the risks involved in use in pregnant women clearly outweigh potential benefits.
N FDA has not classified the drug.
Controlled Substances Act (CSA) Schedule
N Is not subject to the Controlled Substances Act.
1 Has a high potential for abuse. Has no currently accepted medical use in treatment in the United States. There is a lack of accepted safety for use under medical supervision.
2 Has a high potential for abuse. Has a currently accepted medical use in treatment in the United States or a currently accepted medical use with severe restrictions. Abuse may lead to severe psychological or physical dependence.
3 Has a potential for abuse less than those in schedules 1 and 2. Has a currently accepted medical use in treatment in the United States. Abuse may lead to moderate or low physical dependence or high psychological dependence.
4 Has a low potential for abuse relative to those in schedule 3. It has a currently accepted medical use in treatment in the United States. Abuse may lead to limited physical dependence or psychological dependence relative to those in schedule 3.
5 Has a low potential for abuse relative to those in schedule 4. Has a currently accepted medical use in treatment in the United States. Abuse may lead to limited physical dependence or psychological dependence relative to those in schedule 4.
Alcohol
X Interacts with Alcohol.

Browse Treatment Options

Further information

Always consult your healthcare provider to ensure the information displayed on this page applies to your personal circumstances.