ADHD in Children: Recognizing Symptoms & Understanding Treatments
ADHD: Could My Child Be at Risk?
All Kids Seem Hyperactive: How Can You Tell the Difference?
Signs and Symptoms of ADHD
- Difficulty with paying attention
- Can't follow instructions
- Interrupts or talks excessively
- Can be disorganized or careless
- Has trouble playing quietly in a group
- Restless or jittery
- Has trouble focusing on a task at school or home
- Difficulty forming or keeping friendships
What Causes ADHD - Is It a Genetic Disorder?
Some factors have been identified that may contribute to the development of ADHD, these include: low birth weight; fetal exposure to cigarette smoke, alcohol, herbicides, or pesticides; and exposure to toxic lead paint after birth. Additional research is needed to define the exact role of these environmental factors.
ADHD Myth: ADHD is Over-Diagnosed
How Do I Get My Child Tested for ADHD?
Consequences of Untreated ADHD
- Increased risk for school failure in both high school and college
- Behavioral problems
- Social problems with peers and family
- Elevated risk due to accidents, alcohol or drug abuse
- Increased chances of depression or anxiety
- Obstacles at work possibly leading to job loss
Treatment Options for ADHD: Where to Begin?
What Are the Choices in Stimulant Medications?
Psychosocial Treatments: Always a First Line Therapy, Too
ADHD Myth: Bad Parenting Causes ADHD in Children
However, parenting style may worsen a child's ADHD symptoms. Parenting behaviors such as being overly critical, demanding, or negative may increase the risk for oppositional defiant disorder and conduct disorders that accompany ADHD in up to 50 percent of children. Open communication with teachers and healthcare providers, as well as coaching or therapy for parents can be helpful.
My Child Takes a Stimulant But Has Trouble Falling Asleep at Night
Could My Child Become Addicted to Stimulant Medications?
Nonstimulants: Atomoxetine (Strattera)
Alpha-2 Agonists: An Added Option
Other Treatments: Bupropion and Tricyclic Antidepressants
ADHD Myth: All Children Will Eventually Outgrow ADHD
My Child Can't Swallow Pills - Are There Other Options?
- Skin patches (Daytrana, Catapres)
- Liquids (Methylin Solution, ProCentra, Quillavant XR)
- Chewable pills (Methylin Chewables)
- Capsule contents that can be sprinkled on applesauce, but don't chew the beads (Metadate CD, Ritalin LA, Focalin XR, Adderall XR)
- Capsule contents that may be sprinkled in water and taken immediately
ADHD Myth: People with ADHD are Lazy
Special Considerations: Potential Abuse of Stimulants by Others
Finished: ADHD in Children: Recognizing Symptoms & Understanding Treatments
- American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and American Psychiatric Association. ADHD. Parents Medication Guide. Accessed September 9, 2013. http://www.parentsmedguide.org/ParentGuide_English.pdf
- National Institute of Mental Health. Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). Accessed September 9, 2013. http://www.nimh.nih.gov/health/topics/attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-adhd/index.shtml