Generic Name: guanfacine
Dosage Form: tablet, extended release

Indications and Usage for Intuniv

Intuniv® is indicated for the treatment of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) as monotherapy and as adjunctive therapy to stimulant medications [see Clinical Studies (14)].

Intuniv Dosage and Administration

General Instruction for Use

Swallow tablets whole. Do not crush, chew, or break tablets because this will increase the rate of guanfacine release. Do not administer with high fat meals, due to increased exposure.

Dose Selection

Take Intuniv orally once daily, either in the morning or evening, at approximately the same time each day. Begin at a dose of 1 mg/day, and adjust in increments of no more than 1 mg/week.

In monotherapy clinical trials, there was dose- and exposure-related clinical improvement as well as risks for several clinically significant adverse reactions (hypotension, bradycardia, sedative events). To balance the exposure-related potential benefits and risks, the recommended target dose range depending on clinical response and tolerability for Intuniv® is 0.05-0.12 mg/kg/day (total daily dose between 1-7 mg. (See Table 1).

Table 1: Recommended Target Dose Range for Therapy with Intuniv®
Weight Target dose range (0.05 - 0.12 mg/kg/day)
Doses above 4 mg/day have not been evaluated in children (ages 6-12 years) and doses above 7 mg/day have not been evaluated in adolescents (ages 13-17 years)
25-33.9 kg 2-3 mg/day
34-41.4 kg 2-4 mg/day
41.5-49.4 kg 3-5 mg/day
49.5-58.4 kg 3-6 mg/day
58.5-91 kg 4-7 mg/day
>91 kg 5-7 mg/day

In the adjunctive trial which evaluated Intuniv® treatment with psychostimulants, the majority of patients reached optimal doses in the 0.05-0.12 mg/kg/day range. Doses above 4 mg/day have not been studied in adjunctive trials.

Periodically re-evaluate the long-term usefulness of the drug for the individual patient.

Switching from Immediate-Release Guanfacine to Intuniv®

If switching from immediate-release guanfacine, discontinue that treatment, and titrate with Intuniv® following above recommended schedule.

Do not substitute for immediate-release guanfacine tablets on a milligram-per-milligram basis, because of differing pharmacokinetic profiles. Intuniv® has significantly reduced Cmax (60% lower), bioavailability (43% lower), and a delayed Tmax (3 hours later) compared to those of the same dose of immediate-release guanfacine [see Clinical Pharmacology (12.3)].

Discontinuation

When discontinuing Intuniv, taper the daily dose in decrements of no more than 1 mg every 3 to 7 days to avoid rebound hypertension.

 Missed Doses

When reinitiating patients to the previous maintenance dose after two or more missed consecutive doses, consider titration based on patient tolerability.

Dosage Adjustment with Concomitant Use of Strong CYP3A4 Inhibitors or Inducers

Dosage adjustments for Intuniv® are recommended with concomitant use of strong CYP3A4 inhibitors (e.g., ketoconazole), or CYP3A4 inducers (e.g., carbamazepine) (Table 2) [see Drug Interactions (7)].

Table 2: Intuniv® Dosage Adjustments for Patients Taking Concomitant CYP3A4 Inhibitors or Inducers
Clinical Scenarios
Starting Intuniv® while currently on a CYP3A4 modulator Continuing Intuniv® while adding a CYP3A4 modulator Continuing Intuniv® while stopping a CYP3A4 modulator
CYP3A4
  Strong Inhibitors
Decrease Intuniv® dosage to half the recommended level.
(see Table 1)
Decrease Intuniv® dosage to half the recommended level.
(see Table 1)
Increase Intuniv® dosage to recommended level.
(see Table 1)
CYP3A4
  Strong Inducers
Consider increasing Intuniv® dosage up to double the recommended level.
(see Table 1)

Consider increasing Intuniv® dosage up to double the recommended level over 1 to 2 weeks.
(see Table 1)
Decrease Intuniv® dosage to recommended level over 1 to 2 weeks.
(see Table 1)

Dosage Forms and Strengths

1 mg, 2 mg, 3 mg and 4 mg extended-release tablets

Contraindications

Intuniv is contraindicated in patients with a history of a hypersensitivity reaction to Intuniv or its inactive ingredients. Rash and pruritus have been reported.

Warnings and Precautions

Hypotension, Bradycardia, and Syncope

Treatment with Intuniv® can cause dose-dependent decreases in blood pressure and heart rate. Decreases were less pronounced over time of treatment. Orthostatic hypotension and syncope have been reported [see Adverse Reactions (6.1)].

Measure heart rate and blood pressure prior to initiation of therapy, following dose increases, and periodically while on therapy. Titrate Intuniv slowly in patients with a history of hypotension, and those with underlying conditions that may be worsened by hypotension and bradycardia; e.g., heart block, bradycardia, cardiovascular disease, vascular disease, cerebrovascular disease, or chronic renal failure. In patients who have a history of syncope or may have a condition that predisposes them to syncope, such as hypotension, orthostatic hypotension, bradycardia, or dehydration, advise patients to avoid becoming dehydrated or overheated. Monitor blood pressure and heart rate, and adjust dosages accordingly in patients treated concomitantly with antihypertensives or other drugs that can reduce blood pressure or heart rate or increase the risk of syncope.

Sedation and Somnolence

Somnolence and sedation were commonly reported adverse reactions in clinical studies [see Adverse Reactions (6.1)]. Before using Intuniv® with other centrally active depressants, consider the potential for additive sedative effects. Caution patients against operating heavy equipment or driving until they know how they respond to treatment with Intuniv®. Advise patients to avoid use with alcohol.

Cardiac Conduction Abnormalities

The sympatholytic action of guanfacine may worsen sinus node dysfunction and atrioventricular (AV) block, especially in patients taking other sympatholytic drugs. Titrate Intuniv slowly and monitor vital signs frequently in patients with cardiac conduction abnormalities or patients concomitantly treated with other sympatholytic drugs.

Adverse Reactions

The following serious adverse reactions are described elsewhere in the labelling:

Clinical Trials Experience

Because clinical trials are conducted under widely varying conditions, adverse reaction rates observed in the clinical trials of a drug cannot be directly compared to rates in the clinical trials of another drug and may not reflect the rates observed in practice.

The data described below reflect clinical trial exposure to Intuniv® in 2,299 patients. This includes 1,804 patients from completed studies in children and adolescents, ages 6 to 17 years and 495 patients in completed studies in adult healthy volunteers.

The mean duration of exposure of 446 patients that previously participated in two 2-year, open-label long-term studies was approximately 10 months.

Fixed Dose Trials

Table 3: Percentage of Patients Experiencing Most Common (≥ 5% and at least twice the rate for placebo) Adverse Reactions in Fixed Dose Studies 1 and 2
Intuniv® (mg)
Adverse Reaction Term Placebo
(N=149)
1mg*
(N=61)
2mg
(N=150)
3mg
(N=151)
4mg
(N=151)
All Doses of Intuniv® (N=513)
*
The lowest dose of 1 mg used in Study 2 was not randomized to patients weighing more than 50 kg.
The somnolence term includes somnolence, sedation, and hypersomnia.
The hypotension term includes hypotension, diastolic hypotension, orthostatic hypotension, blood pressure decreased, blood pressure diastolic decreased, blood pressure systolic decreased).
Somnolence 11% 28% 30% 38% 51% 38%
Fatigue 3% 10% 13% 17% 15% 14%
Hypotension 3% 8% 5% 7% 8% 7%
Dizziness 4% 5% 3% 7% 10% 6%
Lethargy 3% 2% 3% 8% 7% 6%
Nausea 2% 7% 5% 5% 6% 6%
Dry mouth 1% 0% 1% 6% 7% 4%
Table 4: Adverse Reactions Leading to Discontinuation (≥ 2% for all doses of Intuniv and > rate in placebo) in Fixed Dose Studies 1 and 2
Intuniv® (mg)
Adverse Reaction Term Placebo
(N=149)
1mg*
(N=61)
2mg
(N=150)
3mg
(N=151)
4mg
(N=151)
All Doses of Intuniv® (N=513)
n (%) n (%) n (%) n (%) n (%) n (%)
Adverse reactions leading to discontinuation in ≥ 2% in any dose group but did not meet this criteria in all doses combined: hypotension (hypotension, diastolic hypotension, orthostatic hypotension, blood pressure decreased, blood pressure diastolic decreased, blood pressure systolic decreased), headache, and dizziness.
*
The lowest dose of 1 mg used in Study 2 was not randomized to patients weighing more than 50 kg.
The somnolence term includes somnolence, sedation, and hypersomnia.
Total patients 4 (3%) 2 (3%) 10 (7%) 15 (10%) 27 (18%) 54 (11%)
Somnolence 1 (1%) 2 (3%) 5 (3%) 6 (4%) 17 (11%) 30 (6%)
Fatigue 0 (0%) 0 (0%) 2 (1%) 2 (1%) 4 (3%) 8 (2%)
Table 5: Other Common Adverse Reactions (≥ 2% for all doses of Intuniv and > rate in placebo) in Fixed Dose Studies 1 and 2
Intuniv® (mg)
Adverse Reaction Term Placebo
(N=149)
1mg*
(N=61)
2mg
(N=150)
3mg
(N=151)
4mg
(N=151)
All Doses of Intuniv® (N=513)
Adverse reactions ≥ 2% for all doses of Intuniv and > rate in placebo in any dose group but did not meet this criteria in all doses combined: insomnia (insomnia, initial insomnia, middle insomnia, terminal insomnia, sleep disorder), vomiting, diarrhea, abdominal/stomach discomfort (abdominal discomfort, epigastric discomfort, stomach discomfort), rash (rash, rash generalized, rash papular), dyspepsia, increased weight, bradycardia (bradycardia, sinus bradycardia), asthma (asthma, bronchospasm, wheezing), agitation, anxiety (anxiety, nervousness), sinus arrhythmia, blood pressure increased (blood pressure increased, blood pressure diastolic increased), and first degree atrioventricular block.
*
The lowest dose of 1 mg used in Study 2 was not randomized to patients weighing more than 50 kg.
The abdominal pain term includes abdominal pain, abdominal pain lower, abdominal pain upper, and abdominal tenderness.
The nightmare term includes abnormal dreams, nightmare, and sleep terror.
§
The enuresis term includes enuresis, nocturia, and urinary incontinence.
The affect lability term includes affect lability and mood swings.
Headache 19% 26% 25% 16% 28% 23%
Abdominal Pain 9% 10% 7% 11% 15% 11%
Decreased Appetite 4% 5% 4% 9% 6% 6%
Irritability 4% 5% 8% 3% 7% 6%
Constipation 1% 2% 2% 3% 4% 3%
Nightmare 0% 0% 0% 3% 4% 2%
Enuresis§ 1% 0% 1% 3% 2% 2%
Affect Lability 1% 2% 1% 3% 1% 2%

Monotherapy Flexible Dose Trials

Table 6: Percentage of Patients Experiencing Most Common (≥ 5% and at least twice the rate for placebo) Adverse Reactions in the Monotherapy Flexible Dose Study 4
Intuniv®
Adverse Reaction Term Placebo
(N=112)
AM
(N=107)
PM
(N=114)
All Doses of Intuniv® (N=221)
*
The somnolence term includes somnolence, sedation, and hypersomnia.
The abdominal pain term includes abdominal pain, abdominal pain lower, abdominal pain upper, and abdominal tenderness
The hypotension term includes hypotension, diastolic hypotension, orthostatic hypotension, blood pressure decreased, blood pressure diastolic decreased, blood pressure systolic decreased).
§
The enuresis term includes enuresis, nocturia, and urinary incontinence.
Somnolence* 15% 57% 54% 56%
Abdominal Pain 7% 8% 19% 14%
Fatigue 3% 10% 11% 11%
Irritability 3% 7% 7% 7%
Nausea 1% 6% 5% 5%
Dizziness 3% 6% 4% 5%
Vomiting 2% 7% 4% 5%
Hypotension 0% 6% 4% 5%
Decreased Appetite 3% 6% 3% 4%
Enuresis§ 1% 2% 5% 4%
Table 7: Adverse Reactions Leading to Discontinuation (≥ 2% for all doses of Intuniv and > rate in placebo) in Monotherapy Flexible Dose Study 4
Intuniv®
Adverse Reaction Term Placebo
(N=112)
AM
(N=107)
PM
(N=114)
All Doses of Intuniv® (N=221)
n (%) n (%) n (%) n (%)
Adverse reactions leading to discontinuation in ≥ 2% in any dose group but did not meet this criteria in all doses combined: fatigue
*
The somnolence term includes somnolence, sedation, and hypersomnia.
Total patients 0 (0%) 8 (7%) 7 (6%) 15 (7%)
Somnolence* 0 (0%) 4 (4%) 3 (3%) 7 (3%)
Table 8: Other Common Adverse Reactions (≥2% for all doses of Intuniv and > rate in placebo) in the Monotherapy Flexible Dose Study 4
Intuniv®
Adverse Reaction Term Placebo
(N=112)
AM
(N=107)
PM
(N=114)
All Doses of Intuniv® (N=221)
Adverse reactions ≥ 2% for all doses of Intuniv and > rate in placebo in any dose group but did not meet this criteria in all doses combined: affect lability (affect lability, mood swings), increased weight, syncope/loss of consciousness (loss of consciousness, presyncope, syncope), dyspepsia, tachycardia (tachycardia, sinus tachycardia), and bradycardia (bradycardia, sinus bradycardia).
*
The insomnia term includes insomnia, initial insomnia, middle insomnia, terminal insomnia, and sleep disorder.
Headache 11% 18% 16% 17%
Insomnia* 6% 8% 6% 7%
Diarrhea 4% 4% 6% 5%
Lethargy 0% 4% 3% 3%
Constipation 2% 2% 4% 3%
Dry Mouth 1% 3% 3% 3%
Table 9: Percentage of Patients Experiencing Most Common (≥ 5% and at least twice the rate for placebo) Adverse Reactions in the Monotherapy Flexible Dose Study 5
Adverse Reaction Term Placebo
(N=155)
All Doses of Intuniv® (N=157)
*
The somnolence term includes somnolence, sedation, and hypersomnia.
The insomnia term includes insomnia, initial insomnia, middle insomnia, terminal insomnia, and sleep disorder.
The hypotension term includes hypotension, diastolic hypotension, orthostatic hypotension, blood pressure decreased, blood pressure diastolic decreased, blood pressure systolic decreased).
§
The bradycardia term includes bradycardia and sinus bradycardia.
Somnolence* 23% 54%
Insomnia 6% 13%
Hypotension 3% 9%
Dry Mouth 0% 8%
Postural Dizziness 2% 5%
Bradycardia§ 0% 5%

There were no specific adverse reactions ≥ 2% in any treatment group that led to discontinuation in the monotherapy flexible dose study (Study 5).

Table 10: Other Common Adverse Reactions (≥ 2% for all doses of Intuniv and > rate in placebo) in the Monotherapy Flexible Dose Study 5
Intuniv®
Adverse Reaction Term Placebo
(N=155)
All Doses of Intuniv® (N=157)
Adverse reactions ≥ 2% for all doses of Intuniv and > rate in placebo in any dose group but did not meet this criteria in all doses combined: nausea, diarrhea, vomiting, and depression (depressed mood, depression, depressive symptom).
*
The abdominal pain term includes abdominal pain, abdominal pain lower, abdominal pain upper, and abdominal tenderness.
The anxiety term includes anxiety and nervousness.
The rash term includes rash, rash generalized, and rash papular.
§
The abdominal/stomach discomfort term includes abdominal discomfort, epigastric discomfort, and stomach discomfort.
Headache 18% 27%
Fatigue 12% 22%
Dizziness 10% 16%
Decreased Appetite 14% 15%
Abdominal Pain* 8% 12%
Irritability 4% 7%
Anxiety 3% 5%
Rash 1% 3%
Constipation 0% 3%
Increased Weight 2% 3%
Abdominal/Stomach Discomfort§ 1% 2%
Pruritus 1% 2%

Adjunctive Trial

Table 11: Percentage of Patients Experiencing Most Common (≥ 5% and at least twice the rate for placebo) Adverse Reactions in the Short-Term Adjunctive Study 3
Intuniv® + stimulant
Adverse Reaction Term Placebo+ stimulant
(N=153)
AM
(N=150)
PM
(N=152)
All Doses (N=302)
*
The somnolence term includes somnolence, sedation, and hypersomnia.
The insomnia term includes insomnia, initial insomnia, middle insomnia, terminal insomnia, and sleep disorder.
The abdominal pain term includes abdominal pain, abdominal pain lower, abdominal pain upper, and abdominal tenderness.
Somnolence* 7% 18% 18% 18%
Insomnia 6% 10% 14% 12%
Abdominal Pain 3% 8% 12% 10%
Fatigue 3% 12% 7% 10%
Dizziness 4% 10% 5% 8%
Decreased Appetite 4% 7% 8% 7%
Nausea 3% 3% 7% 5%

There were no specific adverse reactions ≥ 2% in any treatment group that led to discontinuation in the short-term adjunctive study (Study 3).

Table 12: Other Common Adverse Reactions (≥ 2% for all doses of Intuniv and > rate in placebo) in the Short-Term Adjunctive Study 3
Intuniv® + stimulant
Adverse Reaction Term Placebo
(N=153)
AM
(N=150)
PM
(N=152)
All Doses of Intuniv® (N=302)
Adverse reactions ≥ 2% for all doses of Intuniv and > rate in placebo in any dose group but did not meet this criteria in all doses combined: irritability, vomiting, asthma (asthma, bronchospasm, wheezing), and enuresis (enuresis, nocturia, urinary incontinence).
*
The hypotension term includes hypotension, diastolic hypotension, orthostatic hypotension, blood pressure decreased, blood pressure diastolic decreased, blood pressure systolic decreased.
The affect lability term includes affect lability and mood swings.
The bradycardia term includes bradycardia and sinus bradycardia.
§
The rash term includes rash, rash generalized, and rash papular.
The nightmare term includes abnormal dreams, nightmare, and sleep terror.
#
The tachycardia term includes tachycardia and sinus tachycardia.
Headache 13% 21% 21% 21%
Diarrhea 1% 4% 3% 4%
Hypotension* 0% 4% 2% 3%
Constipation 0% 2% 3% 2%
Affect Lability 1% 3% 2% 2%
Dry Mouth 0% 1% 3% 2%
Bradycardia 0% 1% 3% 2%
Postural Dizziness 0% 1% 3% 2%
Rash§ 1% 1% 2% 2%
Nightmare 1% 2% 1% 2%
Tachycardia# 1% 2% 1% 2%

Effects on Blood Pressure and Heart Rate

In the monotherapy pediatric, short-term, controlled trials (Studies 1 and 2), the maximum mean changes from baseline in seated systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure, and pulse were −5.4 mmHg, −3.4 mmHg, and −5.5 bpm, respectively, for all doses combined (generally one week after reaching target doses). For the respective fixed doses 1 mg/day, 2 mg/day, 3 mg/day or 4 mg/day the maximum mean changes in seated systolic blood pressure were -4.3 mmHg, -5.5 mmHg, -5.4 mmHg and -8.2 mmHg. For these respective fixed doses the maximum mean changes in seated diastolic blood pressure were -3.4 mmHg, -3.3 mmHg, -4.4 mmHg and -5.4 mmHg. For these respective fixed doses the maximum mean changes in seated pulse were -4.8 bpm, -3.1 bpm, -6.5 bpm and -8.6 bpm. Decreases in blood pressure and heart rate were usually modest and asymptomatic; however, hypotension and bradycardia can occur. Hypotension was reported as an adverse reaction for 7% of the Intuniv® group and 3% of the placebo group. This includes orthostatic hypotension, which was reported for 1% of the Intuniv® group and none in the placebo group. These findings were generally similar in the monotherapy flexible dose trials (Studies 4 and 5). In the adjunctive trial, hypotension (3%) and bradycardia (2%) were observed in patients treated with Intuniv® as compared to none in the placebo group. In long-term, open label studies, (mean exposure of approximately 10 months), maximum decreases in systolic and diastolic blood pressure occurred in the first month of therapy. Decreases were less pronounced over time. Syncope occurred in 1% of pediatric patients in the clinical program. The majority of these cases occurred in the long-term, open-label studies.

Effects on Height, Weight, and Body Mass Index (BMI)

Patients taking Intuniv® demonstrated similar growth compared to normative data. Patients taking Intuniv® had a mean increase in weight of 0.5 kg compared to those receiving placebo over a comparable treatment period. Patients receiving Intuniv® for at least 12 months in open-label studies gained an average of 8 kg in weight and 8 cm (3 in) in height. The height, weight, and BMI percentile remained stable in patients at 12 months in the long-term studies compared to when they began receiving Intuniv®.

Other Adverse Reactions Observed in Clinical Studies

Table 13 includes additional adverse reactions observed in short-term, placebo-controlled and long-term, open-label clinical studies not included elsewhere in section 6.1, listed by organ system.

Table 13: Other adverse reactions observed in clinical studies
Body System Adverse Reaction
Cardiac Atrioventricular block
General Asthenia, chest pain
Immune System Disorders Hypersensitivity
Investigations Increased alanine amino transferase
Nervous system Convulsion
Renal Increased urinary frequency
Vascular Hypertension, pallor

Post-marketing Experience

The following adverse reactions have been identified during post-approval use of guanfacine. Because these reactions are reported voluntarily from a population of uncertain size, it is not always possible to reliably estimate their frequency or establish a causal relationship to drug exposure.

Less frequent, possibly guanfacine-related events observed in the post-marketing study and/or reported spontaneously, not included in section 6.1, include:

General: edema, malaise, tremor

Cardiovascular: palpitations, tachycardia

Central Nervous System: paresthesias, vertigo

Eye Disorders: blurred vision

Musculo-Skeletal System: arthralgia, leg cramps, leg pain, myalgia

Psychiatric: confusion, hallucinations

Reproductive System, Male: impotence

Respiratory System: dyspnea

Skin and Appendages: alopecia, dermatitis, exfoliative dermatitis, pruritus, rash

Special Senses: alterations in taste

Drug Interactions

Table 14 contains clinically important drug interactions with Intuniv® [see Clinical Pharmacology (12.3)].

Table 14: Clinically Important Drug Interactions: Effect of other Drugs on Intuniv®
Concomitant Drug Name or Drug Class Clinical Rationale and Magnitude of Drug Interaction Clinical Recommendation
CYP3A4 inhibitors, e.g.,ketoconazole Guanfacine is primarily metabolized by CYP3A4 and its plasma concentrations can be significantly affected resulting in a 200% increase in exposure Consider dose reduction [see Dosage and administration (2.6)]
CYP3A4 inducers, e.g., rifampin Guanfacine is primarily metabolized by CYP3A4 and its plasma concentrations can be significantly affected resulting in a 60% decrease in exposure Consider dose increase [see Dosage and administration (2.6)]

USE IN SPECIFIC POPULATIONS

Pregnancy

Pregnancy Category B

Risk Summary

There are no adequate and well-controlled studies of Intuniv in pregnant women. No fetal harm was observed in rats and rabbits with administration of guanfacine at 4 and 2.7 times, respectively, the maximum recommended human dose. Because animal studies are not always predictive of human response, this drug should be used during pregnancy only if clearly needed.

Animal data

Reproduction studies conducted in rats have shown that guanfacine crosses the placenta. However, administration of guanfacine to rats and rabbits at 4 and 2.7 times, respectively, the maximum recommended human dose of 0.12 mg/kg/day on a mg/m2 basis resulted in no evidence of harm to the fetus. Higher doses (13.5 times the maximum recommended human dose in both rabbits and rats) were associated with reduced fetal survival and maternal toxicity.

Nursing Mothers

It is not known whether guanfacine is excreted in human milk; however, guanfacine is excreted in rat milk. Because many drugs are excreted in human milk, caution should be exercised when Intuniv® is administered to a nursing woman. Observe human milk-fed infants for sedation and somnolence.

Pediatric Use

Safety and efficacy of Intuniv® in pediatric patients less than 6 years of age have not been established. The efficacy of Intuniv® was studied for the treatment of ADHD in five controlled monotherapy clinical trials (up to 15 weeks in duration) and one controlled adjunctive trial with psychostimulants (8 weeks in duration) in children and adolescents ages 6-17 who met DSM-IV® criteria for ADHD. The effectiveness of Intuniv® for longer-term use (beyond 15 weeks) has not been systematically evaluated in controlled trials [see Adverse Reactions (6) and Clinical Studies (14)].

Animal Data

In studies in juvenile rats, guanfacine alone produced a slight delay in sexual maturation in males and females at 2 to 3 times the maximum recommended human dose (MRHD). Guanfacine in combination with methylphenidate produced a slight delay in sexual maturation and decreased growth as measured by a decrease in bone length in males at a dose of guanfacine comparable to the MRHD and a dose of methylphenidate approximately 4 times the MRHD.

In a study where juvenile rats were treated with guanfacine alone from 7 to 59 days of age, development was delayed as indicated by a slight delay in sexual maturation and decreased body weight gain in males at 2 mg/kg/day and in females at 3 mg/kg/day. The No Adverse Effect Level (NOAEL) for delayed sexual maturation was 1 mg/kg/day, which is equivalent to the MRHD of 4 mg/day, on a mg/m2 basis. The effects on fertility were not evaluated in this study.

In a study where juvenile rats were treated with guanfacine in combination with methylphenidate from 7 to 59 days of age, a decrease in ulna bone length and a slight delay in sexual maturation were observed in males given 1 mg/kg/day of guanfacine in combination with 50 mg/kg/day of methylphenidate. The NOAELs for these findings were 0.3 mg/kg of guanfacine in combination with 16 mg/kg/day of methylphenidate, which are equivalent to 0.3 and 1.4 times the MRHD of 4 mg/day and 54 mg/day for guanfacine and methylphenidate, respectively, on a mg/m2 basis. These findings were not observed with guanfacine alone at 1 mg/kg/day or methylphenidate alone at 50 mg/kg/day.

Geriatric Use

The safety and efficacy of Intuniv® in geriatric patients have not been established.

Renal Impairment

It may be necessary to reduce the dosage in patients with significant impairment of renal function [see Clinical Pharmacology (12.3)].

Hepatic Impairment

It may be necessary to reduce the dosage in patients with significant impairment of hepatic function [see Clinical Pharmacology (12.3)].

Drug Abuse and Dependence

Controlled Substance

Intuniv® is not a controlled substance and has no known potential for abuse or dependence.

Overdosage

Symptoms

Post-marketing reports of guanfacine overdosage indicate that hypotension, drowsiness, lethargy, and bradycardia have been observed following overdose. Initial hypertension may develop early and may be followed by hypotension. Similar symptoms have been described in voluntary reports to the American Association of Poison Control Center's National Poison Data System. Miosis of the pupils may be noted on examination. No fatal overdoses of guanfacine have been reported in published literature.

Treatment

Consult a Certified Poison Control Center by calling 1-800-222-1222 for up to date guidance and advice.

Management of Intuniv® overdose should include monitoring for and the treatment of initial hypertension, if that occurs, as well as hypotension, bradycardia, lethargy and respiratory depression. Children and adolescents who develop lethargy should be observed for the development of more serious toxicity including coma, bradycardia and hypotension for up to 24 hours, due to the possibility of delayed onset hypotension.

Intuniv Description

Intuniv® is a once-daily, extended-release formulation of guanfacine hydrochloride (HCl) in a matrix tablet formulation for oral administration only. The chemical designation is N-amidino-2-(2,6-dichlorophenyl) acetamide monohydrochloride. The molecular formula is C9H9Cl2 N3O∙HCl corresponding to a molecular weight of 282.55. The chemical structure is:

Guanfacine HCl is a white to off-white crystalline powder, sparingly soluble in water (approximately 1 mg/mL) and alcohol and slightly soluble in acetone. The only organic solvent in which it has relatively high solubility is methanol (>30 mg/mL). Each tablet contains guanfacine HCl equivalent to 1 mg, 2 mg, 3 mg, or 4 mg of guanfacine base. The tablets also contain hypromellose, methacrylic acid copolymer, lactose, povidone, crospovidone, microcrystalline cellulose, fumaric acid, and glyceryl behenate. In addition, the 3mg and 4mg tablets also contain green pigment blend PB-1763.

Intuniv - Clinical Pharmacology

Mechanism of Action

Guanfacine is a central alpha2A-adrenergic receptor agonist. Guanfacine is not a central nervous system (CNS) stimulant. The mechanism of action of guanfacine in ADHD is not known.

Pharmacodynamics

Guanfacine is a selective central alpha2A-adrenergic receptor agonist in that it has a 15-20 times higher affinity for this receptor subtype than for the alpha2B or alpha2C subtypes.

Guanfacine is a known antihypertensive agent. By stimulating central alpha2A-adrenergic receptors, guanfacine reduces sympathetic nerve impulses from the vasomotor center to the heart and blood vessels. This results in a decrease in peripheral vascular resistance and a reduction in heart rate.

In a thorough QT study, the administration of two dose levels of immediate-release guanfacine (4 mg and 8 mg) produced concentrations approximately 2 to 4 times the concentrations observed with the maximum recommended dose of Intuniv® of 0.12 mg/kg. Guanfacine was not shown to prolong the QTc interval to any clinically relevant extent.

Pharmacokinetics

Absorption and Distribution

Guanfacine is readily absorbed and approximately 70% bound to plasma proteins independent of drug concentration. After oral administration of Intuniv® the time to peak plasma concentration is approximately 5 hours in children and adolescents with ADHD.

Immediate-release guanfacine and Intuniv® have different pharmacokinetic characteristics; dose substitution on a milligram for milligram basis will result in differences in exposure.

A comparison across studies suggests that the Cmax is 60% lower and AUC0-∞ 43% lower, respectively, for Intuniv® compared to immediate-release guanfacine. Therefore, the relative bioavailability of Intuniv® to immediate-release guanfacine is 58%. The mean pharmacokinetic parameters in adults following the administration of Intuniv® 1 mg once daily and immediate-release guanfacine 1mg once daily are summarized in Table 15.

Table 15: Comparison of Pharmacokinetics: Intuniv® vs. Immediate release Guanfacine in Adults
Parameter Intuniv® 1 mg once daily
(n=52)
Immediate-release guanfacine 1 mg once daily
(n=12)
Note: Values are mean +/- SD, except for tmax which is median (range)
Cmax (ng/mL) 1.0 ± 0.3 2.5 ± 0.6
AUC0-∞ (ng.h/mL) 32 ± 9 56 ± 15
tmax (h) 6.0 (4.0 – 8.0) 3.0 (1.5-4.0)
t½ (h) 18 ± 4 16 ± 3

Figure 1: Comparison of Pharmacokinetics: Intuniv® vs. Immediate-release guanfacine in Adults

Exposure to guanfacine was higher in children (ages 6-12) compared to adolescents (ages 13-17) and adults. After oral administration of multiple doses of Intuniv® 4 mg, the Cmax was 10 ng/mL compared to 7 ng/mL and the AUC was 162 ng h/mL compared to 116 ng h/mL in children (ages 6-12) and adolescents (ages 13-17), respectively. These differences are probably attributable to the lower body weight of children compared to adolescents and adults.

The pharmacokinetics were affected by intake of food when a single dose of Intuniv® 4 mg was administered with a high-fat breakfast. The mean exposure increased (Cmax ~75% and AUC ~40%) compared to dosing in a fasted state.

Dose Proportionality

Following administration of Intuniv® in single doses of 1 mg, 2 mg, 3 mg, and 4 mg to adults, Cmax and AUC0-∞ of guanfacine were proportional to dose.

Metabolism and Elimination

In vitro studies with human liver microsomes and recombinant CYP's demonstrated that guanfacine was primarily metabolized by CYP3A4. In pooled human hepatic microsomes, guanfacine did not inhibit the activities of the major cytochrome P450 isoenzymes (CYP1A2, CYP2C8, CYP2C9, CYP2C19, CYP2D6 or CYP3A4/5). Guanfacine is a substrate of CYP3A4/5 and exposure is affected by CYP3A4/5 inducers/inhibitors.

Studies in Specific Populations

Renal Impairment

The impact of renal impairment on the pharmacokinetics of guanfacine in children was not assessed. In adult patients with impaired renal function, the cumulative urinary excretion of guanfacine and the renal clearance diminished as renal function decreased. In patients on hemodialysis, the dialysis clearance was about 15% of the total clearance. The low dialysis clearance suggests that the hepatic elimination (metabolism) increases as renal function decreases.

Hepatic Impairment

The impact of hepatic impairment on PK of guanfacine in children was not assessed. Guanfacine in adults is cleared both by the liver and the kidney, and approximately 50% of the clearance of guanfacine is hepatic [see Hepatic Impairment (8.7)].

Drug Interaction Studies

Guanfacine is primarily metabolized by CYP3A4 and its plasma concentrations can be affected significantly by CYP3A4 inhibitors or inducers (Figure 2).

Figure 2: Effect of Other Drugs on the Pharmacokinetics (PK) of Intuniv®

Guanfacine does not significantly affect exposures of methylphenidate and lisdexamfetamine when coadministered (Figure 3).

Figure 3: Effect of Intuniv® on the Pharmacokinetics (PK) of Other Drugs

Nonclinical Toxicology

Carcinogenesis, Mutagenesis, Impairment of Fertility

Carcinogenesis

No carcinogenic effect of guanfacine was observed in studies of 78 weeks in mice or 102 weeks in rats at doses up to 6.8 times the maximum recommended human dose of 0.12 mg/kg/day on a mg/ m2 basis.

Mutagenesis

Guanfacine was not genotoxic in a variety of test models, including the Ames test and an in vitro chromosomal aberration test; however, a marginal increase in numerical aberrations (polyploidy) was observed in the latter study.

Impairment of Fertility

No adverse effects were observed in fertility studies in male and female rats at doses up to 22 times the maximum recommended human dose on a mg/m2 basis.

Clinical Studies

Efficacy of Intuniv® in the treatment of ADHD was established in children and adolescents (6 to 17 years) in:

  • Five short-term, placebo-controlled monotherapy trials (Studies 1, 2, 4, 5, and 6)
  • One short-term, placebo-controlled adjunctive trial with psychostimulants (Study 3).

Studies 1 and 2: Fixed-dose Intuniv® Monotherapy

Study 1 (301 study) was a double-blind, placebo-controlled, parallel-group, fixed dose study, in which efficacy of once daily dosing with Intuniv® (2 mg, 3 mg and 4 mg) was evaluated for 5 weeks (n=345) in children and adolescents aged 6-17 years. Study 2 (304 study) was a double-blind, placebo-controlled, parallel-group, fixed-dose study, in which efficacy of once daily dosing with Intuniv® (1 mg, 2 mg, 3 mg and 4 mg) was evaluated for 6 weeks (n=324) in children and adolescents aged 6-17 years. In both studies, randomized patients in 2 mg, 3 mg and 4 mg dose groups were titrated to their target fixed dose, and continued on the same dose until a dose tapering phase started The lowest dose of 1 mg used in Study 2 was not randomized to patients weighing more than 50 kg. Patients who weighed less than 25 kg were not included in either study.

Signs and symptoms of ADHD were evaluated on a once weekly basis using the clinician administered and scored ADHD Rating Scale (ADHD-RS-IV), which includes both hyperactive/impulsive and inattentive subscales. The primary efficacy outcome was the change from baseline to endpoint in ADHD-RS-IV total scores. Endpoint was defined as the last post-randomization treatment week for which a valid score was obtained prior to dose tapering (up to Week 5 in Study 1 and up to Week 6 in Study 2).

The mean reductions in ADHD-RS-IV total scores at endpoint were statistically significantly greater for Intuniv® compared to placebo for Studies 1 and 2. Placebo-adjusted changes from baseline were statistically significant for each of the 2 mg, 3 mg, and 4 mg Intuniv® randomized treatment groups in both studies, as well as the 1 mg Intuniv® treatment group that was included only in Study 2 (see Table 16).

Dose-responsive efficacy was evident, particularly when data were examined on a weight-adjusted (mg/kg) basis. When evaluated over the dose range of 0.01-0.17 mg/kg/day, clinically relevant improvements were observed beginning at doses in the range 0.05-0.08 mg/kg/day. Doses up to 0.12 mg/kg/day were shown to provide additional benefit.

Controlled, monotherapy long-term efficacy studies (>15 weeks) have not been conducted.

In the monotherapy trials (Studies 1 and 2), subgroup analyses were performed to identify any differences in response based on gender or age (6-12 vs. 13-17). Analyses of the primary outcome did not suggest any differential responsiveness on the basis of gender. Analyses by age revealed a statistically significant treatment effect only in the 6-12 age subgroup. Due to the relatively small proportion of adolescent patients (ages 13-17) enrolled into these studies (approximately 25%), these data may not have been sufficient to demonstrate efficacy in the adolescent patients. In these studies, patients were randomized to a fixed dose of Intuniv® rather than optimized by body weight. Therefore, some adolescent patients were randomized to a dose that might have resulted in relatively lower plasma guanfacine concentrations compared to the younger patients. Over half (55%) of the adolescent patients received doses of 0.01-0.04mg/kg. In studies in which systematic pharmacokinetic data were obtained, there was a strong inverse correlation between body weight and plasma guanfacine concentrations.

Table 16: Fixed dose Studies
Study Number
(Age Range)
Treatment Group Primary Efficacy Measure: ADHD-RS-IV Total Score
Mean Baseline Score (SD) LS Mean Change from Baseline (SE) Placebo-subtracted Difference* (95% CI)
SD: standard deviation; SE: standard error; LS Mean: least-squares mean; CI: unadjusted confidence interval.
*
Difference (drug minus placebo) in least-squares mean change from baseline.
Doses statistically significantly superior to placebo.
The lowest dose of 1 mg used in Study 2 was not randomized to patients weighing more than 50 kg.
Study 1
(6—17 years)
Intuniv® 2 mg 36.1 (9.99) -15.9 (1.37) -7.4 (-11.3, -3.5)
Intuniv® 3 mg 36.8 (8.72) -16.0 (1.38) -7.5 (-11.4, -3.6)  
Intuniv® 4 mg 38.4 (9.21) -18.5 (1.39) -10.0 (-13.9, -6.1)  
Placebo 38.1 (9.34) -8.5 (1.42) --  
Study 2
(6—17 years)
Intuniv® 1 mg 41.7 (7.81) -19.4 (1.69) -6.8 (-11.3, -2.2)
Intuniv® 2 mg 39.9 (8.74) -18.1 (1.60) -5.4 (-9.9, -0.9)  
Intuniv® 3 mg 39.1 (9.22) -20.0 (1.64) -7.3 (-11.8, -2.8)  
Intuniv® 4 mg 40.6 (8.57) -20.6 (1.60) -7.9 (-12.3, -3.4)  
Placebo 39.3 (8.85) -12.7 (1.60) --  

Study 3: Flexible-dose Intuniv® as Adjunctive Therapy to Psychostimulants

Study 3 (313 study) was a double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled, dose-optimization study, in which efficacy of once daily optimized dosing (morning or evening) with Intuniv® (1mg, 2mg, 3mg and 4mg), when co-administered with psychostimulants, was evaluated for 8 weeks, in children and adolescents aged 6-17 years with a diagnosis of ADHD, with a sub-optimal response to stimulants (n=455). Patients were started at the 1 mg Intuniv® dose level and were titrated weekly over a 5-week dose-optimization period to an optimal Intuniv® dose not to exceed 4 mg/day based on tolerability and clinical response. The dose was then maintained for a 3-week dose maintenance period before entry to 1 week of dose tapering. Patients took Intuniv® either in the morning or the evening while maintaining their current dose of psychostimulant treatment given each morning. Allowable psychostimulants in the study were ADDERALL XR®, VYVANSE®, CONCERTA®, FOCALIN XR®, RITALIN LA®, METADATE CD® or FDA-approved generic equivalents.

Symptoms of ADHD were evaluated on a weekly basis by clinicians using the ADHD Rating Scale (ADHD-RS-IV), which includes both hyperactive/impulsive and inattentive subscales. The primary efficacy outcome was the change from baseline to endpoint in ADHD-RS-IV total scores. Endpoint was defined as the last post-randomization treatment week prior to dose tapering for which a valid score was obtained (up to Week 8).

Mean reductions in ADHD-RS-IV total scores at endpoint were statistically significantly greater for Intuniv® given in combination with a psychostimulant compared to placebo given with a psychostimulant for Study 3, for both morning and evening Intuniv® dosing (see Table 17). Nearly two-thirds (64.2%) of patients reached optimal doses in the 0.05-0.12 mg/kg/day range.

Studies 4, 5 and 6: Flexible-dose Intuniv® Monotherapy

Study 4 (314 study) was a double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled, dose-optimization study, in which efficacy of once daily dosing (morning or evening) with Intuniv® (1mg, 2mg, 3mg, and 4mg) was evaluated for 8 weeks in children aged 6-12 years (n=340).

Signs and symptoms of ADHD were evaluated on a once weekly basis using the clinician administered and scored ADHD Rating Scale (ADHD-RS-IV), which includes both hyperactive/impulsive and inattentive subscales. The primary efficacy outcome was the change from baseline score at endpoint on the ADHD-RS-IV total scores. Endpoint was defined as the last post-randomization treatment week for which a valid score was obtained prior to dose tapering (up to Week 8).

Mean reductions in ADHD-RS-IV total scores at endpoint were statistically significantly greater for Intuniv® compared to placebo in both AM and PM dosing groups of Intuniv® (see Table 17).

Study 5 (312 study) was a 15-week, double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled, dose-optimization study conducted in adolescents aged 13-17 years (n=314) to evaluate the efficacy and safety of Intuniv® (1-7 mg/day; optimized dose range of 0.05-0.12 mg/kg/day) in the treatment of ADHD as measured by the ADHD Rating Scale-IV (ADHD-RS-IV). Patients receiving Intuniv® showed statistically significantly greater improvement on the ADHD-RS-IV total score compared with patients receiving placebo (see Table 17).

Study 6 (316 study) was a 12-week (for children aged 6-12) or 15-week (for adolescents aged 13-17), randomized, double-blind, parallel-group, placebo- and active-reference, dose-optimization study conducted in pediatric patients (children and adolescents aged 6-17 years old inclusive) (n=337) to assess the efficacy and safety of once-daily dosing (children: 1-4 mg/day, adolescents: 1-7 mg/day; optimized dose range of 0.05 to 0.12 mg/kg/day) in the treatment of ADHD. Intuniv® was statistically superior to placebo on symptoms of ADHD in patients 6-17 years as measured by change from baseline in ADHD-RS-IV total scores (see Table 17).

Table 17: Flexible-Dose studies
Study Number
(Age Range)
Treatment Group Primary Efficacy Measure: ADHD-RS-IV Total Score
Mean Baseline Score (SD) LS Mean Change from Baseline (SE) Placebo-subtracted Difference* (95% CI)
SD: standard deviation; SE: standard error; LS Mean: least-squares mean; CI: unadjusted confidence interval.
*
Difference (drug minus placebo) in least-squares mean change from baseline.
Treatment was given in combination with a psychostimulant.
Doses statistically significantly superior to placebo.
Study 3
(6—17 years)
Intuniv® 1—4 mg AM 37.6 (8.13) -20.3 (0.97) -4.5 (-7.5, -1.4)
Intuniv® 1—4 mg PM 37.0 (7.65) -21.2 (0.97) -5.3 (-8.3, -2.3)  
Placebo 37.7 (7.75) -15.9 (0.96) --  
Study 4
(6—12 years)
Intuniv® 1—4 mg AM 41.7 (6.39) -20.0 (1.23) -9.4 (-12.8, -6.0)
Intuniv® 1—4 mg PM 41.6 (6.66) -20.4 (1.19) -9.8 (-13.1, -6.4)  
Placebo 42.9 (6.29) -10.6 (1.20) ---  
Study 5
(13—17 years)
Intuniv® 1—7 mg 39.9 (5.57) -24.6 (1.06) -6.03 (-8.87, -3.19)
Placebo 40.0 (6.11) -18.5 (1.08) --  
Study 6
(6—17 years)
Intuniv® 1—7 mg 43.1 (5.47) -23.89 (1.15) -8.88 (-11.94, -5.81)
Placebo 43.2 (5.60) -15.01 (1.16) --  

How Supplied/Storage and Handling

Intuniv® is supplied in 1 mg, 2 mg, 3 mg, and 4 mg strength extended-release tablets in 100 count bottles.

1 mg 2 mg 3 mg 4 mg
Color White/off-white White/off-white Green Green
Shape Round Caplet Round Caplet
Debossment
(top/bottom)
503 / 1mg 503 / 2mg 503 / 3mg 503 / 4mg
NDC number 54092-513-02 54092-515-02 54092-517-02 54092-519-02

Storage - Store at 25°C (77°F); excursions permitted to 15° to 30°C (59° to 86°F). See USP Controlled Room Temperature.

Patient Counseling Information

See FDA-approved patient labeling (Patient Information)

Dosing and Administration

Instruct patients to swallow Intuniv® whole with water, milk or other liquid. Tablets should not be crushed, chewed or broken prior to administration because this may increase the rate of release of the active drug. Patients should not take Intuniv® together with a high-fat meal, since this can raise blood levels of Intuniv®. Instruct the parent or caregiver to supervise the child or adolescent taking Intuniv® and to keep the bottle of tablets out of reach of children.

Instruct patients on how to properly taper the medication, if the physician decides to discontinue treatment [see Dosage and Administration (2.5)].

Adverse Reactions

Advise patients that sedation can occur, particularly early in treatment or with dose increases. Caution against operating heavy equipment or driving until they know how they respond to treatment with Intuniv® [see Warnings and Precautions (5.2)]. Headache and abdominal pain can also occur. If any of these symptoms persist, or other symptoms occur, the patient should be advised to discuss the symptoms with the physician.

Advise patients to avoid becoming dehydrated or overheated, which may potentially increase the risks of hypotension and syncope [see Warnings and Precautions (5.1)]. Advise patients to avoid use with alcohol.

Patient Information

Intuniv® (in-TOO-niv)
(guanfacine)
Extended-Release Tablets

Read the Patient Information that comes with Intuniv® before you start taking it and each time you get a refill. There may be new information. This leaflet does not take the place of talking with your doctor about your medical condition or your treatment.

What is Intuniv®?

Intuniv® is a prescription medicine used to treat the symptoms of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Intuniv may be used alone or with ADHD stimulant medicines.

Intuniv® is not a central nervous system (CNS) stimulant.

It is not known if Intuniv is safe and effective in children younger than 6 years of age.

Who should not take Intuniv®?

Do not take Intuniv if you are allergic to guanfacine or any of the ingredients in Intuniv. See the end of this leaflet for a complete list of ingredients in Intuniv.

What should I tell my doctor before taking Intuniv®?

Before you take Intuniv®, tell your doctor if you:

  • have heart problems or a low heart rate
  • have fainted
  • have low blood pressure
  • have liver or kidney problems
  • have any other medical conditions
  • are pregnant or plan to become pregnant. It is not known if Intuniv® will harm your unborn baby. Talk to your doctor if you are pregnant or plan to become pregnant.
  • are breast-feeding or plan to breast-feed. It is not known if Intuniv® passes into your breast milk. Talk to your doctor about the best way to feed your baby while taking Intuniv®.

Tell your doctor about all of the medicines you take, including prescription and over-the-counter medicines, vitamins, and herbal supplements.

Intuniv® may affect the way other medicines work, and other medicines may affect how Intuniv® works.

Especially tell your doctor if you take:

  • ketoconazole
  • medicines that can affect enzyme metabolism
  • high blood pressure medicine
  • sedatives
  • benzodiazepines
  • barbiturates
  • antipsychotics

Ask your doctor or pharmacist for a list of these medicines, if you are not sure.

Know the medicines you take. Keep a list of them and show it to your doctor and pharmacist when you get a new medicine.

How should I take Intuniv®?

  • Take Intuniv® exactly as your doctor tells you.
  • Your doctor may change your dose. Do not change your dose of Intuniv® without talking to your doctor.
  • Do not stop taking Intuniv® without talking to your doctor.
  • Intuniv® should be taken 1 time a day in the morning or in the evening, either alone or in combination with an ADHD stimulant medicine that your doctor may prescribe. Your doctor will tell you when to take Intuniv® and when to take your ADHD stimulant medication.
  • Intuniv® should be swallowed whole with a small amount of water, milk, or other liquid.
  • Do not crush, chew, or break Intuniv®. Tell your doctor if you cannot swallow Intuniv® whole.
  • Do not take Intuniv® with a high-fat meal.
  • Your doctor will check your blood pressure and heart rate while you take Intuniv®.
  • If you take too much Intuniv®, call your local Poison Control Center at 1-800-222-1222 or go to the nearest emergency room right away.

What should I avoid while taking Intuniv®?

  • Do not drive, operate heavy machinery, or do other dangerous activities until you know how Intuniv® affects you. Intuniv® can slow your thinking and motor skills.
  • Do not drink alcohol or take other medicines that make you sleepy or dizzy while taking Intuniv® until you talk with your doctor. Intuniv® taken with alcohol or medicines that cause sleepiness or dizziness may make your sleepiness or dizziness worse.
  • Do not become dehydrated or overheated. This may increase your chance of having low blood pressure or fainting while taking Intuniv.

What are the possible side effects of Intuniv®?

Intuniv® may cause serious side effects including:

  • low blood pressure
  • low heart rate
  • fainting
  • sleepiness

Get medical help right away, if you have any of the symptoms listed above.

The most common side effects of Intuniv® include:

  • sleepiness
  • tiredness
  • trouble sleeping
  • low blood pressure
  • nausea
  • stomach pain
  • dizziness
  • dry mouth
  • irritability
  • vomiting
  • slow heart rate

Tell the doctor if you have any side effect that bothers you or that does not go away.

These are not all the possible side effects of Intuniv®. For more information, ask your doctor or pharmacist.

Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.

How should I store Intuniv®?

  • Store Intuniv® between 59°F to 86°F (15°C to 30°C)

Keep Intuniv® and all medicines out of the reach of children.

General Information about the safe and effective use Intuniv®

Medicines are sometimes prescribed for purposes other than those listed in a Patient Information Leaflet. Do not use Intuniv® for a condition for which it was not prescribed. Do not give Intuniv® to other people, even if they have the same symptoms that you have. It may harm them.

This leaflet summarizes the most important information about Intuniv®. If you would like more information, talk with your doctor. You can ask your pharmacist or doctor for information about Intuniv® that is written for health professionals.

For more information, go to www.Intuniv.com or call 1-800-828-2088.

What are the ingredients in Intuniv®?

Active ingredient: guanfacine hydrochloride

Inactive ingredients: hypromellose, methacrylic acid copolymer, lactose, povidone, crospovidone, microcrystalline cellulose, fumaric acid, and glycerol behenate. In addition, the 3mg and 4mg tablets also contain green pigment blend PB-1763.

This Patient Information has been approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration.

Manufactured for Shire US Inc., Wayne, PA 19087.

Intuniv® is a registered trademark of Shire LLC.

Revised: 11/2014

© 2014 Shire US Inc.

This product is covered by US patents including 6,287,599; 6,811,794.

NDC 54092-513-02 - 1 mg 100 Count Bottle

NDC 54092-515-02 - 2 mg 100 Count Bottle

NDC 54092-517-02 - 3 mg 100 Count Bottle

NDC 54092-519-02 - 4 mg 100 Count Bottle

NDC 54092-513-03 - Physician Sample 1 mg 7 Count Bottle

FRONT

INSIDE

BASE

NDC 54092-515-03 - Physician Sample 2 mg 7 Count Bottle

FRONT

INSIDE

BASE

NDC 54092-517-03 - Physician Sample 3 mg 7 Count Bottle

FRONT

INSIDE

BASE

Intuniv 
guanfacine tablet, extended release
Product Information
Product Type HUMAN PRESCRIPTION DRUG LABEL Item Code (Source) NDC:54092-513
Route of Administration ORAL DEA Schedule     
Active Ingredient/Active Moiety
Ingredient Name Basis of Strength Strength
GUANFACINE HYDROCHLORIDE (GUANFACINE) GUANFACINE 1 mg
Inactive Ingredients
Ingredient Name Strength
HYPROMELLOSE 2208 (15000 MPA.S)  
LACTOSE MONOHYDRATE  
POVIDONES  
CROSPOVIDONE  
METHACRYLIC ACID - METHYL METHACRYLATE COPOLYMER (1:1)  
CELLULOSE, MICROCRYSTALLINE  
GLYCERYL DIBEHENATE  
FUMARIC ACID  
Product Characteristics
Color WHITE (white) Score no score
Shape ROUND Size 7mm
Flavor Imprint Code 503;1mg
Contains         
Packaging
# Item Code Package Description
1 NDC:54092-513-02 100 TABLET, EXTENDED RELEASE in 1 BOTTLE
2 NDC:54092-513-03 7 TABLET, EXTENDED RELEASE in 1 BOTTLE
Marketing Information
Marketing Category Application Number or Monograph Citation Marketing Start Date Marketing End Date
NDA NDA022037 09/02/2009
Intuniv 
guanfacine tablet, extended release
Product Information
Product Type HUMAN PRESCRIPTION DRUG LABEL Item Code (Source) NDC:54092-515
Route of Administration ORAL DEA Schedule     
Active Ingredient/Active Moiety
Ingredient Name Basis of Strength Strength
GUANFACINE HYDROCHLORIDE (GUANFACINE) GUANFACINE 2 mg
Inactive Ingredients
Ingredient Name Strength
HYPROMELLOSE 2208 (15000 MPA.S)  
LACTOSE MONOHYDRATE  
POVIDONES  
CROSPOVIDONE  
METHACRYLIC ACID - METHYL METHACRYLATE COPOLYMER (1:1)  
CELLULOSE, MICROCRYSTALLINE  
GLYCERYL DIBEHENATE  
FUMARIC ACID  
Product Characteristics
Color WHITE (white) Score no score
Shape OVAL Size 12mm
Flavor Imprint Code 503;2mg
Contains         
Packaging
# Item Code Package Description
1 NDC:54092-515-02 100 TABLET, EXTENDED RELEASE in 1 BOTTLE
2 NDC:54092-515-03 7 TABLET, EXTENDED RELEASE in 1 BOTTLE
Marketing Information
Marketing Category Application Number or Monograph Citation Marketing Start Date Marketing End Date
NDA NDA022037 09/02/2009
Intuniv 
guanfacine tablet, extended release
Product Information
Product Type HUMAN PRESCRIPTION DRUG LABEL Item Code (Source) NDC:54092-517
Route of Administration ORAL DEA Schedule     
Active Ingredient/Active Moiety
Ingredient Name Basis of Strength Strength
GUANFACINE HYDROCHLORIDE (GUANFACINE) GUANFACINE 3 mg
Inactive Ingredients
Ingredient Name Strength
HYPROMELLOSE 2208 (15000 MPA.S)  
LACTOSE MONOHYDRATE  
POVIDONES  
CROSPOVIDONE  
METHACRYLIC ACID - METHYL METHACRYLATE COPOLYMER (1:1)  
CELLULOSE, MICROCRYSTALLINE  
GLYCERYL DIBEHENATE  
FUMARIC ACID  
Product Characteristics
Color GREEN (green) Score no score
Shape ROUND Size 8mm
Flavor Imprint Code 503;3mg
Contains         
Packaging
# Item Code Package Description
1 NDC:54092-517-02 100 TABLET, EXTENDED RELEASE in 1 BOTTLE
2 NDC:54092-517-03 7 TABLET, EXTENDED RELEASE in 1 BOTTLE
Marketing Information
Marketing Category Application Number or Monograph Citation Marketing Start Date Marketing End Date
NDA NDA022037 09/02/2009
Intuniv 
guanfacine tablet, extended release
Product Information
Product Type HUMAN PRESCRIPTION DRUG LABEL Item Code (Source) NDC:54092-519
Route of Administration ORAL DEA Schedule     
Active Ingredient/Active Moiety
Ingredient Name Basis of Strength Strength
GUANFACINE HYDROCHLORIDE (GUANFACINE) GUANFACINE 4 mg
Inactive Ingredients
Ingredient Name Strength
HYPROMELLOSE 2208 (15000 MPA.S)  
LACTOSE MONOHYDRATE  
POVIDONES  
CROSPOVIDONE  
METHACRYLIC ACID - METHYL METHACRYLATE COPOLYMER (1:1)  
CELLULOSE, MICROCRYSTALLINE  
GLYCERYL DIBEHENATE  
FUMARIC ACID  
Product Characteristics
Color GREEN (green) Score no score
Shape OVAL Size 12mm
Flavor Imprint Code 503;4mg
Contains         
Packaging
# Item Code Package Description
1 NDC:54092-519-02 100 TABLET, EXTENDED RELEASE in 1 BOTTLE
Marketing Information
Marketing Category Application Number or Monograph Citation Marketing Start Date Marketing End Date
NDA NDA022037 09/02/2009
Intuniv 
guanfacine kit
Product Information
Product Type HUMAN PRESCRIPTION DRUG LABEL Item Code (Source) NDC:54092-520
Packaging
# Item Code Package Description
1 NDC:54092-520-01 1 KIT in 1 KIT
Quantity of Parts
Part # Package Quantity Total Product Quantity
Part 1 1 BOTTLE
Part 2 1 BOTTLE
Part 1 of 2
Intuniv 
guanfacine tablet, extended release
Product Information
     
Route of Administration ORAL DEA Schedule     
Active Ingredient/Active Moiety
Ingredient Name Basis of Strength Strength
GUANFACINE HYDROCHLORIDE (GUANFACINE) GUANFACINE 1 mg
Inactive Ingredients
Ingredient Name Strength
HYPROMELLOSE 2208 (15000 MPA.S)  
LACTOSE MONOHYDRATE  
POVIDONES  
CROSPOVIDONE  
METHACRYLIC ACID - METHYL METHACRYLATE COPOLYMER (1:1)  
CELLULOSE, MICROCRYSTALLINE  
GLYCERYL DIBEHENATE  
FUMARIC ACID  
Product Characteristics
Color WHITE Score no score
Shape ROUND Size 7mm
Flavor Imprint Code 503;1mg
Contains         
Packaging
# Item Code Package Description
1 7 TABLET, EXTENDED RELEASE in 1 BOTTLE
Marketing Information
Marketing Category Application Number or Monograph Citation Marketing Start Date Marketing End Date
NDA NDA022037 09/02/2009
Part 2 of 2
Intuniv 
guanfacine tablet, extended release
Product Information
     
Route of Administration ORAL DEA Schedule     
Active Ingredient/Active Moiety
Ingredient Name Basis of Strength Strength
GUANFACINE HYDROCHLORIDE (GUANFACINE) GUANFACINE 2 mg
Inactive Ingredients
Ingredient Name Strength
HYPROMELLOSE 2208 (15000 MPA.S)  
LACTOSE MONOHYDRATE  
POVIDONES  
CROSPOVIDONE  
METHACRYLIC ACID - METHYL METHACRYLATE COPOLYMER (1:1)  
CELLULOSE, MICROCRYSTALLINE  
GLYCERYL DIBEHENATE  
FUMARIC ACID  
Product Characteristics
Color WHITE Score no score
Shape OVAL Size 12mm
Flavor Imprint Code 503;2mg
Contains         
Packaging
# Item Code Package Description
1 7 TABLET, EXTENDED RELEASE in 1 BOTTLE
Marketing Information
Marketing Category Application Number or Monograph Citation Marketing Start Date Marketing End Date
NDA NDA022037 09/02/2009
Marketing Information
Marketing Category Application Number or Monograph Citation Marketing Start Date Marketing End Date
NDA NDA022037 09/02/2009
Labeler - Shire US Manufacturing Inc. (964907406)
Establishment
Name Address ID/FEI Operations
Industriale Chimica 436796809 API MANUFACTURE(54092-513, 54092-515, 54092-517, 54092-519)
Establishment
Name Address ID/FEI Operations
Catalent Pharma Solutions, LLC 014167995 ANALYSIS(54092-513, 54092-515, 54092-517, 54092-519)
Establishment
Name Address ID/FEI Operations
Metrics, Inc. 867220261 ANALYSIS(54092-513, 54092-515, 54092-517, 54092-519)
Establishment
Name Address ID/FEI Operations
Patheon Manufacturing Services LLC 079415560 ANALYSIS(54092-513, 54092-515, 54092-517, 54092-519), LABEL(54092-513, 54092-515, 54092-517, 54092-519), MANUFACTURE(54092-513, 54092-515, 54092-517, 54092-519, 54092-520), PACK(54092-513, 54092-515, 54092-517, 54092-519)
Establishment
Name Address ID/FEI Operations
Quimica Sintetica S.A. 460940850 API MANUFACTURE(54092-513, 54092-515, 54092-517, 54092-519)
Revised: 11/2014
 
Shire US Manufacturing Inc.
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