Medication Guide App

Intuniv Dosage

Generic name: guanfacine
Dosage form: tablet, extended release

The information at Drugs.com is not a substitute for medical advice. ALWAYS consult your doctor or pharmacist.

General Instruction for Use

Swallow tablets whole. Do not crush, chew, or break tablets because this will increase the rate of guanfacine release. Do not administer with high fat meals, due to increased exposure.

Dose Selection

INTUNIV should be taken once daily, either in the morning or evening, at approximately same time each day. Begin at a dose of 1 mg/day, and adjust in increments of no more than 1 mg/week. Maintain the dose within the range of 1 mg to 4 mg once daily, depending on clinical response and tolerability, for both monotherapy and adjunctive therapy to a psychostimulant. Doses above 4 mg/day have not been systematically studied in controlled clinical studies [see Clinical Studies (14.1)].

Clinically relevant improvements were observed beginning at doses in the range 0.05-0.08 mg/kg once daily in both mono- and adjunctive therapy. Efficacy increased with increasing weight-adjusted dose (mg/kg). If well tolerated, doses up to 0.12 mg/kg once daily may provide additional benefit.

In clinical trials, there were dose-related and exposure-related risks for several clinically significant adverse reactions (hypotension, bradycardia, sedative events). Thus, consideration should be given to dosing INTUNIV® on a mg/kg basis, in order to balance the exposure-related potential benefits and risks of treatment.

Switching from Immediate-Release Guanfacine to INTUNIV

If switching from immediate-release guanfacine, discontinue that treatment, and titrate with INTUNIV® following above recommended schedule.

Do not substitute for immediate-release guanfacine tablets on a milligram-per-milligram basis, because of differing pharmacokinetic profiles. INTUNIV® has a delayed Tmax, reduced Cmax and lower bioavailability compared to those of the same dose of immediate-release guanfacine [see Clinical Pharmacology (12.3)].

Maintenance Treatment

It is generally agreed that pharmacological treatment of ADHD may be needed for an extended period. The effectiveness of INTUNIV® for longer-term use (more than 9 weeks) has not been systematically evaluated in controlled trials. Therefore the physician electing to use INTUNIV® for extended periods should periodically re-evaluate the long-term usefulness of the drug for the individual patient.

Discontinuation

Infrequent, transient elevations in blood pressure above original baseline (i.e., rebound) have been reported to occur upon abrupt discontinuation of guanfacine. To minimize these effects, the dose should generally be tapered in decrements of no more than 1 mg every 3 to 7 days.

2.6 Missed Doses

When reinitiating patients to the previous maintenance dose after two or more missed consecutive doses, physicians should consider titration based on patient tolerability.

Dose Adjustment with Concomitant Use of Strong CYP3A4 Inhibitors or Inducers

Dosage adjustments for INTUNIV® are recommended with concomitant use of strong CYP3A4 inhibitors (e.g., boceprevir, clarithromycin, conivaptan, grapefruit juice, indinavir, itraconazole, ketoconazole, lopinavir/ritonavir, mibefradil, nefazodone, nelfinavir, posaconazole, ritonavir, saquinavir, telaprevir, telithromycin, and voriconazole), or CYP3A4 inducers (e.g., avasimibe, carbamazepine, phenytoin, rifampin, and St.John’s wort) (Table 1) [see Drug Interactions (7)].

Table 1: Dose Adjustments in Patients Taking Concomitant CYP3A4 Inhibitors or Inducers

   Comedications     Scenarios

Initiate INTUNIV®
when taking
comedications

Continue INTUNIV®  
when adding a
comedication
Stop a comedication   
when continuing
INTUNIV® 
Strong
CYP3A4
Inhibitors
INTUNIV® dose
should be limited to
2 mg/day
INTUNIV® dose
should be
decreased by half.
INTUNIV® dose
should be doubled
based on patient
tolerability. The
maximum dose
should not exceed 4
mg/day
Strong
CYP3A4
Inducers
INTUNIV® dose may
be titrated up to 8
mg/day. Consider
faster titration (e.g.
in increments of 2
mg/week)
Consider increase
INTUNIV® dose
gradually in 1-2
weeks to 2 fold of
the original dose
based on patient
tolerability.
INTUNIV® dose
should be decreased
by half in 1-2 weeks
based on patient
tolerability. The
maximum dose
should not exceed 4
mg/day
Hide
(web4)