Amphetamine Side Effects
Not all side effects for amphetamine may be reported. You should always consult a doctor or healthcare professional for medical advice. Side effects can be reported to the FDA here.
For the Consumer
Applies to amphetamine: tablets
Check with your doctor if any of these most COMMON side effects persist or become bothersome:
Seek medical attention right away if any of these SEVERE side effects occur while taking amphetamine:
Constipation; diarrhea; dizziness; dry mouth; feeling nervous or excited; headache; loss of appetite; nausea; restlessness; trouble sleeping; unpleasant taste; upset stomach; vomiting; weight loss.
Severe allergic reactions (rash; hives; itching; difficulty breathing; tightness in the chest; swelling of the mouth, face, lips, or tongue); blurred vision or other vision changes; change in sexual ability or desire; chest pain or tightness; erections that happen often or that last a long time; fainting; fast or irregular heartbeat; hallucinations; new or worsening mental, mood, or behavior changes (eg, aggression, depression, hostility); seizures; severe or persistent dizziness or headache; shortness of breath; symptoms of stroke (eg, confusion, one-sided weakness, slurred speech); tremor; uncontrolled speech or muscle movements (eg, tics).
For Healthcare Professionals
Applies to amphetamine: oral tablet
Cardiovascular side effects have included tachycardia, palpitations, and elevated blood pressure. Cardiomyopathy and myocardial infarction have been reported rarely.[Ref]
Nervous system side effects have included depression, seizures, stroke, overstimulation, restlessness, dizziness, insomnia, euphoria, dyskinesia, dysphoria, tremor, headache, exacerbation of motor and phonic tics, and Tourette's syndrome. Psychotic episodes at recommended doses have been reported rarely.[Ref]
Gastrointestinal side effects have included dry mouth, unpleasant taste, diarrhea, constipation, anorexia, weight loss, and other disturbances.[Ref]
Dermatologic side effects have included urticaria.[Ref]
Endocrine side effects have included impotence and changes in libido.[Ref]
Other side effects have included a significant elevation (highest in the evening) of the plasma corticosteroid levels. Amphetamines may interfere with urinary steroid determination.[Ref]
General side effects including headache (26%) and asthenia (6%) have been reported.[Ref]
1. Smith HJ, Roche AH, Jausch MF, Herdson PB "Cardiomyopathy associated with amphetamine administration." Am Heart J 91 (1976): 792-7
2. Wilens TE, Hammerness PG, Biederman J, et al. "Blood pressure changes associated with medication treatment of adults with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder." J Clin Psychiatry 66 (2005): 253-9
3. Bashour TT "Acute myocardial infarction resulting from amphetamine abuse: a spasm- thrombus interplay." Am Heart J 128 (1994): 1237-9
4. "Product Information. Adderall (amphetamine-dextroamphetamine)" Shire Richwood Pharmaceutical Company, Florence, KY.
5. Ragland AS, Ismail Y, Arsura EL "Myocardial infarction after amphetamine use." Am Heart J 125 (1993): 247-9
6. Ayres PR "Amphetamine cardiomyopathy [letter]." Ann Intern Med 98 (1983): 110
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