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Medications for Seizures (Convulsions)

Other names: Absence Seizure; Complex Partial Seizure; Fits

About Seizures:  A seizure or convulsion can be a sudden, violent, uncontrollable contraction of a group of muscles. A seizure can also be more subtle, consisting of only a brief "loss of contact" or a few moments of what appears to be daydreaming.

Drugs Used to Treat Seizures

The following list of medications are in some way related to, or used in the treatment of this condition.

Drug name Rx / OTC Pregnancy CSA Alcohol Reviews Rating Activity
Aminoxin C N Add review
0.0

Generic name: pyridoxine systemic

Drug class: vitamins

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

Aptiom C N X 22 reviews
7.1

Generic name: eslicarbazepine systemic

Drug class: dibenzazepine anticonvulsants

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: AHFS DI Monograph, Prescribing Information

brivaracetam C 5 X 10 reviews
6.0

Generic name: brivaracetam systemic

Brand name:  Briviact

Drug class: pyrrolidine anticonvulsants

For consumers: dosage, interactions,

For professionals: A-Z Drug Facts, AHFS DI Monograph

Briviact C 5 X 9 reviews
6.3

Generic name: brivaracetam systemic

Drug class: pyrrolidine anticonvulsants

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: AHFS DI Monograph, Prescribing Information

Celontin N N X Add review
0.0

Generic name: methsuximide systemic

Drug class: succinimide anticonvulsants

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: Prescribing Information

cenobamate 5 X Add review
0.0

Generic name: cenobamate systemic

Brand name:  Xcopri

Drug class: carbamate anticonvulsants

For consumers: dosage, interactions,

For professionals: A-Z Drug Facts, AHFS DI Monograph

Diastat D 4 X 1 review
7.0

Generic name: diazepam systemic

Drug class: benzodiazepine anticonvulsants

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: Prescribing Information

Diastat AcuDial D 4 X 1 review
5.0

Generic name: diazepam systemic

Drug class: benzodiazepine anticonvulsants

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

Diastat Pediatric D 4 X Add review
0.0

Generic name: diazepam systemic

Drug class: benzodiazepine anticonvulsants

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

Diazepam Intensol D 4 X Add review
0.0

Generic name: diazepam systemic

Drug class: benzodiazepines, benzodiazepine anticonvulsants

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

diazepam D 4 X 7 reviews
8.6

Generic name: diazepam systemic

Brand names:  Valium, Diastat, Diastat AcuDial, Diazepam Intensol, Diastat Pediatric …show all

Drug class: benzodiazepines, benzodiazepine anticonvulsants

For consumers: dosage, interactions,

For professionals: A-Z Drug Facts, AHFS DI Monograph, Prescribing Information

Dilantin D N X 36 reviews
7.2

Generic name: phenytoin systemic

Drug class: hydantoin anticonvulsants, group I antiarrhythmics

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: Prescribing Information

Elepsia XR C N X Add review
0.0

Generic name: levetiracetam systemic

Drug class: pyrrolidine anticonvulsants

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: Prescribing Information

eslicarbazepine C N X 22 reviews
7.1

Generic name: eslicarbazepine systemic

Brand name:  Aptiom

Drug class: dibenzazepine anticonvulsants

For consumers: dosage, interactions,

For professionals: A-Z Drug Facts, AHFS DI Monograph

ethosuximide N N X 10 reviews
8.6

Generic name: ethosuximide systemic

Brand name:  Zarontin

Drug class: succinimide anticonvulsants

For consumers: dosage, interactions,

For professionals: A-Z Drug Facts, AHFS DI Monograph, Prescribing Information

ethotoin D N X Add review
0.0

Generic name: ethotoin systemic

Brand name:  Peganone

Drug class: hydantoin anticonvulsants

For consumers: interactions,

For professionals: A-Z Drug Facts

Fycompa C 3 X 13 reviews
5.5

Generic name: perampanel systemic

Drug class: AMPA receptor antagonists

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: AHFS DI Monograph, Prescribing Information

Gabitril C N X 2 reviews
6.0

Generic name: tiagabine systemic

Drug class: gamma-aminobutyric acid reuptake inhibitors

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: AHFS DI Monograph, Prescribing Information

Keppra C N X 142 reviews
6.1

Generic name: levetiracetam systemic

Drug class: pyrrolidine anticonvulsants

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: AHFS DI Monograph, Prescribing Information

Keppra XR C N X 8 reviews
7.8

Generic name: levetiracetam systemic

Drug class: pyrrolidine anticonvulsants

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: Prescribing Information

lacosamide C 5 X 119 reviews
7.1

Generic name: lacosamide systemic

Brand name:  Vimpat

Drug class: miscellaneous anticonvulsants

For consumers: dosage, interactions,

For professionals: A-Z Drug Facts, AHFS DI Monograph, Prescribing Information

levetiracetam C N X 184 reviews
6.2

Generic name: levetiracetam systemic

Brand names:  Keppra, Keppra XR, Elepsia XR, Roweepra, Roweepra XR, Spritam …show all

Drug class: pyrrolidine anticonvulsants

For consumers: dosage, interactions,

For professionals: A-Z Drug Facts, AHFS DI Monograph, Prescribing Information

methsuximide N N X Add review
0.0

Generic name: methsuximide systemic

Brand name:  Celontin

Drug class: succinimide anticonvulsants

For consumers: dosage, interactions,

For professionals: A-Z Drug Facts

midazolam D 4 X Add review
0.0

Generic name: midazolam systemic

Brand name:  Nayzilam

Drug class: benzodiazepines

For consumers: dosage, interactions,

For professionals: A-Z Drug Facts, AHFS DI Monograph, Prescribing Information

Mysoline N N X 6 reviews
9.3

Generic name: primidone systemic

Drug class: barbiturate anticonvulsants

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: AHFS DI Monograph, Prescribing Information

Topics under Seizures

Legend

Rx Prescription Only
OTC Over the Counter
Rx/OTC Prescription or Over the Counter
Off Label This medication may not be approved by the FDA for the treatment of this condition.
Pregnancy Category
A Adequate and well-controlled studies have failed to demonstrate a risk to the fetus in the first trimester of pregnancy (and there is no evidence of risk in later trimesters).
B Animal reproduction studies have failed to demonstrate a risk to the fetus and there are no adequate and well-controlled studies in pregnant women.
C Animal reproduction studies have shown an adverse effect on the fetus and there are no adequate and well-controlled studies in humans, but potential benefits may warrant use in pregnant women despite potential risks.
D There is positive evidence of human fetal risk based on adverse reaction data from investigational or marketing experience or studies in humans, but potential benefits may warrant use in pregnant women despite potential risks.
X Studies in animals or humans have demonstrated fetal abnormalities and/or there is positive evidence of human fetal risk based on adverse reaction data from investigational or marketing experience, and the risks involved in use in pregnant women clearly outweigh potential benefits.
N FDA has not classified the drug.
Controlled Substances Act (CSA) Schedule
N Is not subject to the Controlled Substances Act.
1 Has a high potential for abuse. Has no currently accepted medical use in treatment in the United States. There is a lack of accepted safety for use under medical supervision.
2 Has a high potential for abuse. Has a currently accepted medical use in treatment in the United States or a currently accepted medical use with severe restrictions. Abuse may lead to severe psychological or physical dependence.
3 Has a potential for abuse less than those in schedules 1 and 2. Has a currently accepted medical use in treatment in the United States. Abuse may lead to moderate or low physical dependence or high psychological dependence.
4 Has a low potential for abuse relative to those in schedule 3. It has a currently accepted medical use in treatment in the United States. Abuse may lead to limited physical dependence or psychological dependence relative to those in schedule 3.
5 Has a low potential for abuse relative to those in schedule 4. Has a currently accepted medical use in treatment in the United States. Abuse may lead to limited physical dependence or psychological dependence relative to those in schedule 4.
Alcohol
X Interacts with Alcohol.

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Further information

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