Generic Name: aspirin (AS-pir-in)
Brand Name: Examples include Aspiritab and Bayer
Bayer is used for:
Treating minor aches and pains (eg, caused by headache, muscle aches, backache, arthritis, the common cold, toothache, menstrual cramps). It is used in certain patients to decrease the risk of stroke, heart attack, and death associated with stroke or heart attack. It may also be used for other conditions as determined by your doctor.
Bayer is a salicylate. It works by inhibiting several different chemical processes within the body that cause pain, inflammation, and fever. It also reduces the tendency for blood to clot.
Do NOT use Bayer if:
- you are allergic to any ingredient in Bayer
- you are a child or teenager with influenza (flu) or chicken pox
- you have bleeding problems such as hemophilia, von Willebrand disease, or low blood platelets
- you have had a severe allergic reaction (eg, severe rash, hives, breathing difficulties, dizziness) to aspirin, tartrazine, or an NSAID (eg, ibuprofen, naproxen, celecoxib)
- you are taking anticoagulants (eg, heparin, warfarin) or methotrexate
Contact your doctor or health care provider right away if any of these apply to you.
Before using Bayer:
Some medical conditions may interact with Bayer. Tell your doctor or pharmacist if you have any medical conditions, especially if any of the following apply to you:
- if you are pregnant, plan to become pregnant, or are breast-feeding
- if you are taking any prescription or nonprescription medicine, herbal preparation, or dietary supplement
- if you have allergies to medicines or other substances
- if you have alcoholism or if you consume 3 or more alcohol-containing drinks every day
- if you have asthma, bleeding or clotting problems, growths in the nose (nasal polyps), kidney or liver problems, stomach or peptic ulcers (bleeding ulcers), heartburn, upset stomach, stomach pain, influenza (flu) or chicken pox, or vitamin K deficiency
- if you are a child with a stroke, a weakened blood vessel (cerebral aneurysm) or bleeding in the brain, or Kawasaki syndrome (a rare inflammation causing heart problems in children)
Some MEDICINES MAY INTERACT with Bayer. Tell your health care provider if you are taking any other medicines, especially any of the following:
- Carbonic anhydrase inhibitors (eg, acetazolamide) because they may decrease Bayer's effectiveness
- Anticoagulants (eg, heparin, warfarin) or nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) (eg, ibuprofen, celecoxib) because the risk of their side effects, including risk of bleeding, may be increased by Bayer
- Insulin and oral antidiabetics (eg, glyburide, nateglinide) because the risk of their side effects, including low blood sugar (eg, hunger, shakiness or weakness, dizziness, headache, sweating), may be increased by Bayer
- Methotrexate or valproic acid because the risk of their actions and side effects may be increased by Bayer
- Angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (eg, enalapril), probenecid, or sulfinpyrazone because their effectiveness may be decreased by Bayer
This may not be a complete list of all interactions that may occur. Ask your health care provider if Bayer may interact with other medicines that you take. Check with your health care provider before you start, stop, or change the dose of any medicine.
How to use Bayer:
Use Bayer as directed by your doctor. Check the label on the medicine for exact dosing instructions.
- Take Bayer by mouth with or without food. If stomach upset occurs, take with food to reduce stomach irritation.
- Take Bayer with a full glass of water (8 oz/240 mL). Do not lie down for 30 minutes after taking Bayer.
- Use Bayer exactly as directed on the package, unless instructed differently by your doctor. If you are taking Bayer without a prescription, follow any warnings and precautions on the label.
- If you miss a dose of Bayer and you are taking it regularly, take it as soon as possible. If it is almost time for your next dose, skip the missed dose and go back to your regular dosing schedule. Do not take 2 doses at once.
Ask your health care provider any questions you may have about how to use Bayer.
Important safety information:
- Bayer has aspirin in it. Before you start any new medicine, check the label to see if it has aspirin in it too. If it does or if you are not sure, check with your doctor or pharmacist.
- Talk to your doctor before you take Bayer or other pain relievers/fever reducers if you drink more than 3 drinks with alcohol per day. Serious stomach ulcers or bleeding can occur with the use of Bayer. Taking it in high doses or for a long time, smoking, or drinking alcohol increases the risk of these side effects. Taking Bayer with food will NOT reduce the risk of these effects. Contact your doctor or emergency room at once if you develop severe stomach or back pain; black, tarry stools; vomit that looks like blood or coffee grounds; or unusual weight gain or swelling.
- Bayer may reduce the number of clot-forming cells (platelets) in your blood. Avoid activities that may cause bruising or injury. Tell your doctor if you have unusual bruising or bleeding. Tell your doctor if you have dark, tarry, or bloody stools.
- Aspirin has been linked to a serious illness called Reye syndrome. Do not give Bayer to a child or teenager who has the flu, chickenpox, or a viral infection. Contact your doctor with any questions or concerns.
- If Bayer has a strong vinegar-like smell upon opening, do not use. It means the medicine is breaking down. Throw the bottle away safely and out of the reach of children; contact your pharmacist and replace.
- Tell your doctor or dentist that you take Bayer before you receive any medical or dental care, emergency care, or surgery.
- Do not take Bayer for at least 7 days after any surgery unless directed by your health care provider.
- Do not take Bayer for more than 10 days for pain or for more than 3 days for fever unless directed to do so by your health care provider.
- Different brands of Bayer may have different dosing instructions for CHILDREN. Follow the dosing instructions on the package labeling. If your doctor has given you instructions, follow those. If you are unsure of the dose to give a child, check with your doctor or pharmacist.
- PREGNANCY and BREAST-FEEDING: If you become pregnant, contact your doctor. You will need to discuss the benefits and risks of using Bayer while you are pregnant. Bayer is not recommended during the last 3 months (third trimester) of pregnancy because it may cause harm to the fetus. Bayer is found in breast milk. If you are or will be breast-feeding while you use Bayer, check with your doctor. Discuss any possible risks to your baby.
Possible side effects of Bayer:
All medicines may cause side effects, but many people have no, or minor, side effects. Check with your doctor if any of these most COMMON side effects persist or become bothersome:
Seek medical attention right away if any of these SEVERE side effects occur:
Heartburn; nausea; upset stomach.
Severe allergic reactions (rash; hives; itching; difficulty breathing; tightness in the chest; swelling of the mouth, face, lips, or tongue); black or bloody stools; confusion; diarrhea; dizziness; drowsiness; hearing loss; ringing in the ears; severe stomach pain; vomiting.
This is not a complete list of all side effects that may occur. If you have questions about side effects, contact your health care provider. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. To report side effects to the appropriate agency, please read the Guide to Reporting Problems to FDA.
If OVERDOSE is suspected:
Contact 1-800-222-1222 (the American Association of Poison Control Centers), your local poison control center ( http://www.aapcc.org), or emergency room immediately. Symptoms may include agitation; fever; hearing loss; lethargy; lightheadedness, especially upon standing; nausea; rapid breathing; rapid or irregular heartbeat; ringing in the ears; seizures; shortness of breath; stomach pain; vomiting.Proper storage of Bayer:
Store Bayer at room temperature, between 68 and 77 degrees F (20 and 25 degrees C). Store away from heat, moisture, and light. Do not store in the bathroom. Keep Bayer out of the reach of children and away from pets.
- If you have any questions about Bayer, please talk with your doctor, pharmacist, or other health care provider.
- Bayer is to be used only by the patient for whom it is prescribed. Do not share it with other people.
- If your symptoms do not improve or if they become worse, check with your doctor.
- Check with your pharmacist about how to dispose of unused medicine.
This information should not be used to decide whether or not to take Bayer or any other medicine. Only your health care provider has the knowledge and training to decide which medicines are right for you. This information does not endorse any medicine as safe, effective, or approved for treating any patient or health condition. This is only a brief summary of general information about Bayer. It does NOT include all information about the possible uses, directions, warnings, precautions, interactions, adverse effects, or risks that may apply to Bayer. This information is not specific medical advice and does not replace information you receive from your health care provider. You must talk with your healthcare provider for complete information about the risks and benefits of using Bayer.
Disclaimer: This information should not be used to decide whether or not to take this medicine or any other medicine. Only your health care provider has the knowledge and training to decide which medicines are right for you. This information does not endorse any medicine as safe, effective, or approved for treating any patient or health condition. This is only a brief summary of general information about this medicine. It does NOT include all information about the possible uses, directions, warnings, precautions, interactions, adverse effects, or risks that may apply to this medicine. This information is not specific medical advice and does not replace information you receive from your health care provider. You must talk with your healthcare provider for complete information about the risks and benefits of using this medicine.