Mucinex: 7 things you should know
Medically reviewed by Carmen Fookes, BPharm. Last updated on July 14, 2022.
1. How it works
- Mucinex is a brand (trade) name for guaifenesin.
- Mucinex (guaifenesin) indirectly acts on the gastrointestinal vagal nerves which triggers reflex secretion from submucosal glands and goblet cells, which increases the hydration of the mucus layer which makes it easier for it to be coughed out. Guaifenesin also affects the secretion of mucus from from goblet and Clara cells, which results in reduced mucin production and secretion and reduced viscoelasticity of the mucus. In summary, Mucinex increases the volume and reduces the viscosity (stickiness) of respiratory tract secretions. This makes it easier for mucus trapped in the airways to be coughed out.
- Mucinex belongs to the class of medicines known as expectorants.
- Aids in the removal of phlegm and mucus from the lungs and airways.
- Thins bronchial secretions.
- May be used to aid in the coughing up of phlegm and mucus in people with a chesty cough.
- Available over the counter.
- May be taken with or without food.
- Mucinex is available as a generic under the name guaifenesin.
If you are between the ages of 18 and 60, take no other medication or have no other medical conditions, side effects you are more likely to experience include:
- Nausea, vomiting, constipation, dizziness, headache, sleepiness or sleeplessness, and rash are more commonly reported; although, in general, Mucinex is well tolerated at dosages used for expectoration.
- Do not use in children aged less than twelve years.
- May not be suitable for people with a persistent cough due to asthma, bronchitis, emphysema, or smoking, or who have a cough that is producing excessive amounts of phlegm. Talk with your doctor first before using Mucinex if you are pregnant or breastfeeding.
Note: In general, seniors or children, people with certain medical conditions (such as liver or kidney problems, heart disease, diabetes, seizures) or people who take other medications are more at risk of developing a wider range of side effects. View complete list of side effects
4. Bottom Line
Mucinex is an expectorant that helps thin mucus allowing it to be more easily cleared by coughing. Side effects are few; however, anecdotally, sleeplessness may be a problem if Mucinex is taken late in the afternoon.
- Can be administered with or without food. Take with a full glass of water.
- Mucinex is available as an extended-release, bilayer tablet. Do not crush, chew or break this tablet. Swallow whole with a full glass of water. The empty tablet shell may be visible in the stool.
- Drink extra fluids while you are taking Mucinex as these will help loosen the congestion and lubricate your throat.
- Do not give to children under the age of twelve. Do not exceed the maximum recommended dosage of four tablets in 24 hours. If you are using liquid medicine, ensure you measure it with a properly calibrated measure.
- See your doctor if your cough worsens, is accompanied by other symptoms such as a fever, rash, or a persistent headache, or lasts for more than seven days.
- Mucinex will not stop you from coughing but should allow you to more easily clear any sticky secretions in your airways. Do not take with a cough suppressant because the cough reflex is needed to allow you to cough up loosened phlegm or mucus.
- Talk to your pharmacist or doctor before taking any other products for a cough or cold. Several combination products also contain guaifenesin.
- May interact with some other medicines.
- May impair your reaction skills and affect your ability to remain alert. Do not drive until you know how guaifenesin affects you. Conversely, some people report that guaifenesin keeps them awake. Do not take a dose too late in the afternoon if you experience this effect.
6. Response and effectiveness
- Peak plasma concentrations have been reported with immediate-release formulations within 45 minutes.
Medicines that interact with Mucinex may either decrease its effect, affect how long it works for, increase side effects, or have less of an effect when taken with Mucinex. An interaction between two medications does not always mean that you must stop taking one of the medications; however, sometimes it does. Speak to your doctor about how drug interactions should be managed.
Common medications that may interact with Mucinex include:
- antidepressants, such as amitriptyline or imipramine, or monoamine oxidase inhibitors, such as isocarboxazid, phenelzine, or selegiline
- diet medications such as phentermine
- other cough and cold remedies that may also contain guaifenesin
- some medications used to treat high blood pressure
- stimulants, such as methylphenidate.
Note that this list is not all-inclusive and includes only common medications that may interact with Mucinex. You should refer to the prescribing information for Mucinex for a complete list of interactions.
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- Mucinex (guaifenesin) [Package Insert]. Revised 01/2022. RB Health (US) LLC. https://www.drugs.com/pro/mucinex.html
Remember, keep this and all other medicines out of the reach of children, never share your medicines with others, and use Mucinex only for the indication prescribed.
Always consult your healthcare provider to ensure the information displayed on this page applies to your personal circumstances.
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