Generic Name: nicotine (gum, lozenge) (NIK oh teen)
Brand Names: Leader Nicotine Polacrilex, Nicorelief, Nicorette, Thrive
What is nicotine?
Nicotine is the primary ingredient in tobacco products.
Nicotine gum and lozenges are medical products used to aid in smoking cessation in adults.
Using a controlled amount of nicotine helps reduce nicotine withdrawal symptoms when you quit smoking.
Do not smoke or use other nicotine products (including snuff, chewing tobacco, patches, inhaler, or nasal spray) while you are using nicotine gum or lozenges.
Before taking this medicine
Ask a doctor or pharmacist if it is safe for you to use nicotine gum or lozenges if you have:
heart disease, heart rhythm disorder;
untreated or uncontrolled high blood pressure;
a history of seizures;
a food allergy;
if you have recently had a heart attack;
if you are on a low salt diet; or
if you are using any other smoking cessation medicine (bupropion, Zyban, or others).
Do not use nicotine gum or lozenges if you are pregnant unless your doctor has told you to. Use effective birth control, and tell your doctor if you become pregnant during treatment.
Nicotine can pass into breast milk and may harm a nursing baby. Do not use this medication if you are breast-feeding unless your doctor has told you to.
Smoking cigarettes during pregnancy can cause low birth weight, miscarriage, or stillbirth. Using a nicotine replacement product during pregnancy or while breast-feeding may be safer than smoking. However, you should try to stop smoking without using a nicotine replacement product if you are pregnant or breast-feeding. Talk with your doctor about the best way for you to stop smoking.
Nicotine lozenges may contain phenylalanine. Tell your doctor if you have phenylketonuria (PKU).
Do not give this medication to anyone under 18 years old without medical advice.
How should I use nicotine gum or lozenges?
Nicotine is only part of a complete program of treatment that may also include counseling, group support, and behavior changes. Your success will depend on your participation in all aspects of your smoking cessation program.
Use nicotine gum and lozenges exactly as directed on the label, or as prescribed by your doctor. Do not use in larger or smaller amounts or for longer than recommended. This medicine comes with patient instructions for safe and effective use. Your dose will depend on how many cigarettes you smoked daily before quitting. Follow the guide in the patient instructions. Ask your doctor or pharmacist if you have any questions.
Do not smoke or use other nicotine products (including snuff, chewing tobacco, patches, inhaler, or nasal spray). Using many forms of nicotine together can be dangerous.
To use nicotine gum:
Chew the gum slowly and stop chewing when your mouth starts to tingle. "Park" the gum between your cheek and gum and leave it there until the tingly feeling is gone. Then slowly chew a few more times until the tingling returns. Park the gum again in a different place in your mouth.
Remove a piece of gum after 30 minutes, or when chewing no longer causes the tingly feeling.
If you have very strong or frequent cravings, you may chew a new piece of gum within 60 minutes.
Avoid chewing one piece of gum right after the other, or you may have side effects such as hiccups, heartburn, or nausea.
For best results, use at least 9 pieces of gum per day for the first 6 weeks of treatment. Do not use more than 24 pieces of gum per day.
To use nicotine lozenges:
Place the lozenge in your mouth and allow it to dissolve slowly over 20 to 30 minutes, without chewing or swallowing.
Move the lozenge from one side of your mouth to the other until it has completely dissolved.
You may notice a warm or tingly feeling in your mouth.
For best results, use at least 9 lozenges per day for the first 6 weeks of treatment. Do not use more than 5 lozenges in 6 hours (20 lozenges per day).
After removing the gum or lozenge, wrap it in paper and throw it away in a place where children and pets cannot reach it.
Do not use nicotine gum or lozenges for longer than 12 weeks without the advice of your doctor.
Do not use more than one lozenge or piece of gum at a time. Do not use the gum and lozenges together at the same time.
Store at room temperature away from moisture, heat, and light.
Keep both used and unused gum and lozenges out of the reach of children or pets.
See also: Dosage Information (in more detail)
What happens if I miss a dose?
Since nicotine is used as needed, you are not likely to miss a dose. Do not use more than 20 lozenges or 24 pieces of gum per day.
What happens if I overdose?
Seek emergency medical attention or call the Poison Help line at 1-800-222-1222. The amount of nicotine in a used or unused lozenge or piece of gum can be fatal to a child who accidentally sucks or chews on it. Seek emergency medical attention if this happens.
Overdose symptoms may include severe dizziness, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, weakness, and fast heart rate.
What should I avoid while using nicotine gum or lozenges?
Do not eat or drink anything within 15 minutes before using the gum or lozenge or while the medicine is in your mouth.
Nicotine side effects
Get emergency medical help if you have any of these signs of an allergic reaction to nicotine: hives; difficult breathing; swelling of your face, lips, tongue, or throat.
Stop using this medicine and call your doctor at once if you have:
fast or pounding heartbeats, fluttering in your chest;
blisters inside your mouth;
problems with your teeth or jaw; or
wheezing, tightness in your chest, trouble breathing.
Common nicotine side effects may include:
dry mouth, upset stomach, burping, or hiccups;
mouth or throat soreness;
changes in taste; or
This is not a complete list of side effects and others may occur. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.
See also: Side effects (in more detail)
Nicotine dosing information
Usual Adult Dose of Nicotine for Smoking Cessation:
Nicorette gum: 4 mg piece every 1 to 2 hours for 6 weeks, then 4 mg piece every 2 to 4 hours for 3 weeks, then 4 mg piece every 4 to 8 hours for 3 weeks. No more than 24 pieces/day. Chew gum slowly for at least 30 minutes. Should not be used > 6 months.
Commit lozenge: 2 to 4 mg lozenge every 1 to 2 hours in mouth until it dissolves (about 20 to 30 minutes). Use the recommended minimum of 9 lozenges/ day for 6 weeks, then 2 to 4 mg lozenge every 2 to 4 hours on weeks 7 through 9. At the start of week 10, reduce dosage to one lozenge every 4 to 8 hours. Do not use more than 20 lozenges/day. For use in a 12-week plan
<100 lbs., light smokers, CV disease:
Nicorette gum: 2 mg piece every 1 to 2 hours for 6 weeks, then 2 mg piece every 2 to 4 hours for 3 weeks, then 2 mg piece every 4 to 8 hours for 3 weeks. No more than 24 pieces/day. Chew gum slowly for at least 30 minutes. Should not be used >6 months.
What other drugs will affect nicotine gum or lozenges?
Other drugs may interact with nicotine, including prescription and over-the-counter medicines, vitamins, and herbal products. Tell each of your health care providers about all medicines you use now and any medicine you start or stop using.
More about nicotine
Related treatment guides
Where can I get more information?
- Your pharmacist can provide more information about nicotine gum or lozenges.
- Remember, keep this and all other medicines out of the reach of children, never share your medicines with others, and use nicotine gum and lozenges only for the indication prescribed.
- Disclaimer: Every effort has been made to ensure that the information provided by Cerner Multum, Inc. ('Multum') is accurate, up-to-date, and complete, but no guarantee is made to that effect. Drug information contained herein may be time sensitive. Multum information has been compiled for use by healthcare practitioners and consumers in the United States and therefore Multum does not warrant that uses outside of the United States are appropriate, unless specifically indicated otherwise. Multum's drug information does not endorse drugs, diagnose patients or recommend therapy. Multum's drug information is an informational resource designed to assist licensed healthcare practitioners in caring for their patients and/or to serve consumers viewing this service as a supplement to, and not a substitute for, the expertise, skill, knowledge and judgment of healthcare practitioners. The absence of a warning for a given drug or drug combination in no way should be construed to indicate that the drug or drug combination is safe, effective or appropriate for any given patient. Multum does not assume any responsibility for any aspect of healthcare administered with the aid of information Multum provides. The information contained herein is not intended to cover all possible uses, directions, precautions, warnings, drug interactions, allergic reactions, or adverse effects. If you have questions about the drugs you are taking, check with your doctor, nurse or pharmacist.
Copyright 1996-2016 Cerner Multum, Inc. Version: 8.03. Revision Date: 2015-11-06, 2:35:38 PM.