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Medications for Constipation

Drugs associated with Constipation

The following drugs and medications are in some way related to, or used in the treatment of this condition.

What is Constipation: Constipation refers to infrequent or hard stools, or difficulty passing stools. More specifically, constipation may involve pain during the passage of a bowel movement, the inability to pass a bowel movement after straining or pushing for more than 10 minutes, or no bowel movements after more than 3 days.

Drug name Rx / OTC Pregnancy CSA Alcohol Reviews Rating Popularity
docusate Rx/OTC N N 8 reviews
7.0

Generic name: docusate systemic

Brand names:  Colace, Dulcolax Stool Softener, Doc-Q-Lace, DOK, Surfak, Doculase, Phillips Stool Softener, Docu, Docu Soft, DSS, Surfak Stool Softener, Colace Micro-Enema, Diocto, Dioeze, Docuprene, Docusil, Docusoft S, DocuSol, Enemeez Mini, Kao-Tin, Octycine-250, Pedia-Lax Stool Softener, Promolaxin, Silace, Sur-Q-Lax, Vacuant

Drug class: laxatives

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: A-Z Drug Facts, Prescribing Information

 
polyethylene glycol 3350 Rx/OTC C N 97 reviews
8.0

Generic name: polyethylene glycol 3350 systemic

Brand names:  MiraLax, GlycoLax, ClearLax, GaviLAX, Purelax

Drug class: laxatives

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: A-Z Drug Facts, Prescribing Information

 
bisacodyl Rx/OTC B N 419 reviews
5.0

Generic name: bisacodyl systemic

Brand names:  Dulcolax, Dulcolax Laxative, Bisac-Evac, Bisco-Lax, Correctol, Alophen, Bisa-Lax, Carter's Little Pills, Doxidan Tablet, Ducodyl, Evac-U-Gen, Ex-lax Ultra, Feen-A-Mint, Fleet Bisacodyl, Gen Lax, Magic Bullet, Veracolate

Drug class: laxatives

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: A-Z Drug Facts, AHFS DI Monograph, Prescribing Information

 
magnesium oxide Rx/OTC C N 8 reviews
9.0

Generic name: magnesium oxide systemic

Brand names:  Mag-Ox 400, Mag-200, Mag-Caps, Mag-Ox, MagGel, Uro-Mag

Drug class: minerals and electrolytes

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: A-Z Drug Facts

 
magnesium citrate Rx/OTC C N 127 reviews
9.0

Generic name: magnesium citrate systemic

Brand names:  Citrate of Magnesia, Citroma, LiquiPrep

Drug class: laxatives

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: A-Z Drug Facts, Prescribing Information

 
psyllium OTC N N 6 reviews
8.0

Generic name: psyllium systemic

Brand names:  Metamucil, Konsyl, Fiberall, Hydrocil, Laxmar, Metamucil Smooth Texture, Natural Fiber Therapy, Reguloid

Drug class: laxatives

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: A-Z Drug Facts

 
magnesium hydroxide Rx/OTC N N 67 reviews
8.0

Generic name: magnesium hydroxide systemic

Brand names:  Milk of Magnesia, Phillips' Milk of Magnesia, Dulcolax Milk of Magnesia, Ex-Lax Milk of Magnesia, Pedia-Lax Chewable Tablets

Drug class: antacids, laxatives

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: A-Z Drug Facts

 
methylcellulose Rx/OTC N N 3 reviews
7.0

Generic name: methylcellulose systemic

Brand name:  Citrucel

Drug class: laxatives

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: Prescribing Information

 
linaclotide Rx C N 44 reviews
7.0

Generic name: linaclotide systemic

Brand name:  Linzess

Drug class: guanylate cyclase-C agonists

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: AHFS DI Monograph

 
lubiprostone Rx C N 4 reviews
4.0

Generic name: lubiprostone systemic

Brand name:  Amitiza

Drug class: chloride channel activators

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: A-Z Drug Facts, AHFS DI Monograph

 
sodium biphosphate / sodium phosphate Rx/OTC C N 16 reviews
8.0

Generic name: sodium biphosphate / sodium phosphate systemic

Brand names:  Fleet Enema, Visicol, Disposable Enema, OsmoPrep, Phosphate Laxative

Drug class: laxatives

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: A-Z Drug Facts, Prescribing Information

 
glycerin Rx/OTC C N 4 reviews
6.0

Generic name: glycerin systemic

Brand names:  Fleet Glycerin Suppositories Adult, Fleet Glycerin Suppositories Pediatric, Pedia-Lax Liquid Glycerin Suppositories, Sani-Supp

Drug class: laxatives

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: A-Z Drug Facts, Prescribing Information

 
polycarbophil OTC N N 1 review
9.0

Generic name: polycarbophil systemic

Brand names:  FiberCon, Fiber Lax, Equalactin, Fibertab, Konsyl Daily Fiber Therapy

Drug class: laxatives

For consumers: interactions, side effects

 
potassium phosphate Rx/OTC C N Add review Add

Generic name: potassium phosphate systemic

Brand name:  Neutra-Phos-K

Drug class: minerals and electrolytes

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: A-Z Drug Facts, Prescribing Information

 
sorbitol Rx/OTC N N 1 review
9.0

Generic name: sorbitol systemic

Drug class: laxatives

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

 
calcium carbonate / psyllium OTC N N Add review Add

Generic name: calcium carbonate / psyllium systemic

Brand name:  Metamucil Plus Calcium

Drug class: miscellaneous GI agents

For consumers: interactions, side effects

 
mineral oil Rx/OTC N N Add review Add

Generic name: mineral oil systemic

Drug class: laxatives

For consumers: interactions, side effects

For professionals: A-Z Drug Facts, AHFS DI Monograph, Prescribing Information

 
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Topics under Constipation

Alternative treatments for Constipation

The following products are considered to be alternative treatments or natural remedies for Constipation. Their efficacy may not have been scientifically tested to the same degree as the drugs listed in the table above. However there may be historical, cultural or anecdotal evidence linking their use to the treatment of Constipation.

Learn more about Constipation

Legend

Off Label This medication may not be approved by the FDA for the treatment of this condition.
Prescription Only / Over the Counter
Rx Prescription Only
OTC Over the Counter
Rx/OTC Prescription or Over the Counter
Pregnancy
A Adequate and well-controlled studies have failed to demonstrate a risk to the fetus in the first trimester of pregnancy (and there is no evidence of risk in later trimesters).
B Animal reproduction studies have failed to demonstrate a risk to the fetus and there are no adequate and well-controlled studies in pregnant women.
C Animal reproduction studies have shown an adverse effect on the fetus and there are no adequate and well-controlled studies in humans, but potential benefits may warrant use of the drug in pregnant women despite potential risks.
D There is positive evidence of human fetal risk based on adverse reaction data from investigational or marketing experience or studies in humans, but potential benefits may warrant use of the drug in pregnant women despite potential risks.
X Studies in animals or humans have demonstrated fetal abnormalities and/or there is positive evidence of human fetal risk based on adverse reaction data from investigational or marketing experience, and the risks involved in use of the drug in pregnant women clearly outweigh potential benefits.
N FDA has not classified the drug.
Controlled Substances Act Schedule
N The drug is not subject to the Controlled Substances Act.
1 The drug has a high potential for abuse. The drug has no currently accepted medical use in treatment in the United States. There is a lack of accepted safety for use of the drug under medical supervision.
2 The drug has a high potential for abuse. The drug has a currently accepted medical use in treatment in the United States or a currently accepted medical use with severe restrictions. Abuse of the drug may lead to severe psychological or physical dependence.
3 The drug has a potential for abuse less than the drugs in schedules 1 and 2. The drug has a currently accepted medical use in treatment in the United States. Abuse of the drug may lead to moderate or low physical dependence or high psychological dependence.
4 The drug has a low potential for abuse relative to the drugs in schedule 3. The drug has a currently accepted medical use in treatment in the United States. Abuse of the drug may lead to limited physical dependence or psychological dependence relative to the drugs in schedule 3.
5 The drug has a low potential for abuse relative to the drugs in schedule 4. The drug has a currently accepted medical use in treatment in the United States. Abuse of the drug may lead to limited physical dependence or psychological dependence relative to the drugs in schedule 4.
Alcohol
X Interacts with Alcohol.

Synonym(s): Difficulty passing stool; Irregularity of bowels

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