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Medications for COPD, Acute

Other names: Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease, Acute

What is COPD, Acute:  Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) refers to a group of disorders that damage the lungs, making breathing increasingly difficult over time. Acute COPD refers to an exacerbation of symptoms. Respiratory infections are the most common causes of COPD exacerbations.

Medications to treat COPD, Acute

The following list of medications are in some way related to, or used in the treatment of this condition.

Drug name Rx / OTC Pregnancy CSA Alcohol Reviews Rating Popularity
albuterol Rx C N 8 reviews
6.0

Generic name: albuterol systemic

Brand names:  ProAir HFA, Ventolin HFA, Ventolin, Proventil HFA, AccuNeb, ProAir RespiClick, Vospire ER

Drug class: adrenergic bronchodilators

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: A-Z Drug Facts, AHFS DI Monograph, Prescribing Information

 
ProAir HFA Rx C N 2 reviews
7.0

Generic name: albuterol systemic

Drug class: adrenergic bronchodilators

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: Prescribing Information

 
Azithromycin Dose Pack Rx B N 1 review
8.0

Generic name: azithromycin systemic

Drug class: macrolides

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

 
Ventolin HFA Rx C N Add review
10

Generic name: albuterol systemic

Drug class: adrenergic bronchodilators

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

 
Ventolin Rx C N 1 review
10

Generic name: albuterol systemic

Drug class: adrenergic bronchodilators

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: Prescribing Information

 
azithromycin Rx B N 3 reviews
5.0

Generic name: azithromycin systemic

Brand names:  Azithromycin Dose Pack, Zithromax, Zmax

Drug class: macrolides

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: A-Z Drug Facts, AHFS DI Monograph, Prescribing Information

 
Proventil HFA Rx C N Add review Add

Generic name: albuterol systemic

Drug class: adrenergic bronchodilators

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: Prescribing Information

 
Zithromax Rx B N Add review Add

Generic name: azithromycin systemic

Drug class: macrolides

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: Prescribing Information

 
Xopenex Rx C N 4 reviews
9.0

Generic name: levalbuterol systemic

Drug class: adrenergic bronchodilators

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: AHFS DI Monograph, Prescribing Information

 
AccuNeb Rx C N Add review Add

Generic name: albuterol systemic

Drug class: adrenergic bronchodilators

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: Prescribing Information

 
epinephrine Off Label Rx/OTC C N 3 reviews
9.0

Generic name: epinephrine systemic

Drug class: vasopressors, adrenergic bronchodilators, catecholamines

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: A-Z Drug Facts, AHFS DI Monograph, Prescribing Information

Off Label: Yes

 
Xopenex HFA Rx C N Add review Add

Generic name: levalbuterol systemic

Drug class: adrenergic bronchodilators

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: Prescribing Information

 
ProAir RespiClick Rx C N 1 review
1.0

Generic name: albuterol systemic

Drug class: adrenergic bronchodilators

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: Prescribing Information

 
levalbuterol Rx C N 5 reviews
8.0

Generic name: levalbuterol systemic

Brand names:  Xopenex, Xopenex HFA, Xopenex Concentrate

Drug class: adrenergic bronchodilators

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: A-Z Drug Facts, AHFS DI Monograph, Prescribing Information

 
Vospire ER Rx C N Add review Add

Generic name: albuterol systemic

Drug class: adrenergic bronchodilators

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: Prescribing Information

 
Zmax Rx B N Add review Add

Generic name: azithromycin systemic

Drug class: macrolides

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: Prescribing Information

 
metaproterenol Rx C N 1 review
9.0

Generic name: metaproterenol systemic

Drug class: adrenergic bronchodilators

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: A-Z Drug Facts, AHFS DI Monograph, Prescribing Information

 
isoproterenol Off Label Rx C N Add review Add

Generic name: isoproterenol systemic

Drug class: vasopressors, adrenergic bronchodilators, catecholamines

For consumers: interactions, side effects

For professionals: A-Z Drug Facts, AHFS DI Monograph

Off Label: Yes

 
Xopenex Concentrate Rx C N Add review Add

Generic name: levalbuterol systemic

Drug class: adrenergic bronchodilators

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: Prescribing Information

 
ephedrine Off Label Rx C N Add review
8.0

Generic name: ephedrine systemic

Drug class: vasopressors, decongestants

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: A-Z Drug Facts, AHFS DI Monograph, Prescribing Information

Off Label: Yes

 

Legend

Off Label This medication may not be approved by the FDA for the treatment of this condition.
Prescription Only / Over the Counter
Rx Prescription Only
OTC Over the Counter
Rx/OTC Prescription or Over the Counter
Pregnancy
A Adequate and well-controlled studies have failed to demonstrate a risk to the fetus in the first trimester of pregnancy (and there is no evidence of risk in later trimesters).
B Animal reproduction studies have failed to demonstrate a risk to the fetus and there are no adequate and well-controlled studies in pregnant women.
C Animal reproduction studies have shown an adverse effect on the fetus and there are no adequate and well-controlled studies in humans, but potential benefits may warrant use in pregnant women despite potential risks.
D There is positive evidence of human fetal risk based on adverse reaction data from investigational or marketing experience or studies in humans, but potential benefits may warrant use in pregnant women despite potential risks.
X Studies in animals or humans have demonstrated fetal abnormalities and/or there is positive evidence of human fetal risk based on adverse reaction data from investigational or marketing experience, and the risks involved in use in pregnant women clearly outweigh potential benefits.
N FDA has not classified the drug.
Controlled Substances Act Schedule
N Is not subject to the Controlled Substances Act.
1 Has a high potential for abuse. Has no currently accepted medical use in treatment in the United States. There is a lack of accepted safety for use under medical supervision.
2 Has a high potential for abuse. Has a currently accepted medical use in treatment in the United States or a currently accepted medical use with severe restrictions. Abuse may lead to severe psychological or physical dependence.
3 Has a potential for abuse less than those in schedules 1 and 2. Has a currently accepted medical use in treatment in the United States. Abuse may lead to moderate or low physical dependence or high psychological dependence.
4 Has a low potential for abuse relative to those in schedule 3. It has a currently accepted medical use in treatment in the United States. Abuse may lead to limited physical dependence or psychological dependence relative to those in schedule 3.
5 Has a low potential for abuse relative to those in schedule 4. Has a currently accepted medical use in treatment in the United States. Abuse may lead to limited physical dependence or psychological dependence relative to those in schedule 4.
Alcohol
X Interacts with Alcohol.

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