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Ephedrine Dosage

Applies to the following strength(s): 50 mg/mL ; 25 mg ; 50 mg ; 5 mg/mL-NaCl 0.9% ; hydrochloride ; 50 mg/10 mL-NaCl 0.9% ; 50 mg/5 mL-NaCl 0.9% ; 25 mg/5 mL-NaCl 0.9% ; sulfate ; 100 mg/10 mL-NaCl 0.9%

The information at Drugs.com is not a substitute for medical advice. Always consult your doctor or pharmacist.

Usual Adult Dose for Adams-Stokes Syndrome

Parenteral:
-IM or subcutaneous: 25 mg to 50 mg IM or subcutaneously
-IV: 5 mg to 25 mg IV administered slowly, may repeat in 5 to 10 minutes if necessary

Comments:
-This product has not been found by the US FDA to be safe and effective and the product labeling has not been approved.

Uses: For use in Stokes-Adams syndrome with complete heart block; as a central nervous system (CNS) stimulant in narcolepsy and depressive states; and in patients with myasthenia gravis

Usual Adult Dose for Depression

Parenteral:
-IM or subcutaneous: 25 mg to 50 mg IM or subcutaneously
-IV: 5 mg to 25 mg IV administered slowly, may repeat in 5 to 10 minutes if necessary

Comments:
-This product has not been found by the US FDA to be safe and effective and the product labeling has not been approved.

Uses: For use in Stokes-Adams syndrome with complete heart block; as a central nervous system (CNS) stimulant in narcolepsy and depressive states; and in patients with myasthenia gravis

Usual Adult Dose for Myasthenia Gravis

Parenteral:
-IM or subcutaneous: 25 mg to 50 mg IM or subcutaneously
-IV: 5 mg to 25 mg IV administered slowly, may repeat in 5 to 10 minutes if necessary

Comments:
-This product has not been found by the US FDA to be safe and effective and the product labeling has not been approved.

Uses: For use in Stokes-Adams syndrome with complete heart block; as a central nervous system (CNS) stimulant in narcolepsy and depressive states; and in patients with myasthenia gravis

Usual Adult Dose for Narcolepsy

Parenteral:
-IM or subcutaneous: 25 mg to 50 mg IM or subcutaneously
-IV: 5 mg to 25 mg IV administered slowly, may repeat in 5 to 10 minutes if necessary

Comments:
-This product has not been found by the US FDA to be safe and effective and the product labeling has not been approved.

Uses: For use in Stokes-Adams syndrome with complete heart block; as a central nervous system (CNS) stimulant in narcolepsy and depressive states; and in patients with myasthenia gravis

Usual Adult Dose for Hypotension

Akovaz(TM):
-Initial dose: 5 mg to 10 mg IV bolus; administer additional boluses as needed, not to exceed a total dosage of 50 mg

Comments:
-Must be diluted prior to administration.
-Adjust dosage according to blood pressure goal (i.e., titrate to effect).

Use: For the treatment of clinically important hypotension occurring in the setting of anesthesia

Parenteral:
-IM or subcutaneous: 25 mg to 50 mg IM or subcutaneously
-IV: 5 mg to 25 mg IV administered slowly, may repeat in 5 to 10 minutes if necessary

Comments:
-This product has not been found by the US FDA to be safe and effective and the product labeling has not been approved.

Use: For use as a pressor agent, particularly for the treatment of hypotension occurring during spinal anesthesia

Usual Adult Dose for Asthma - Acute

Parenteral:
-IM or subcutaneous: 25 mg to 50 mg IM or subcutaneously
-IV: 5 mg to 25 mg IV administered slowly, may repeat in 5 to 10 minutes if necessary

Comments:
-This product has not been found by the US FDA to be safe and effective and the product labeling has not been approved.

Oral:
-Initial dose: 12.5 mg to 25 mg orally every 4 hours
-Maximum dose: 150 mg/day

Comments:
-Most over the counter drugs are not reviewed and approved by the US FDA, however they may be marketed if they comply with applicable regulations and policies; the US FDA has not evaluated whether this product complies.

Use: For the temporary relief of shortness of breath, tightness of chest, and wheezing due to bronchial asthma

Usual Pediatric Dose for Adams-Stokes Syndrome

Parenteral:
0.5 mg/kg or 16.7 mg/m2 of body surface area IM or subcutaneously every 4 to 6 hours

Comments:
-This product has not been found by the US FDA to be safe and effective and the product labeling has not been approved.

Uses: For use as a pressor agent, particularly during spinal anesthesia when hypotension is likely to occur; for use in Stokes-Adams syndrome with complete heart block; as a CNS stimulant in narcolepsy and depressive states; and in patients with myasthenia gravis

Usual Pediatric Dose for Depression

Parenteral:
0.5 mg/kg or 16.7 mg/m2 of body surface area IM or subcutaneously every 4 to 6 hours

Comments:
-This product has not been found by the US FDA to be safe and effective and the product labeling has not been approved.

Uses: For use as a pressor agent, particularly during spinal anesthesia when hypotension is likely to occur; for use in Stokes-Adams syndrome with complete heart block; as a CNS stimulant in narcolepsy and depressive states; and in patients with myasthenia gravis

Usual Pediatric Dose for Hypotension

Parenteral:
0.5 mg/kg or 16.7 mg/m2 of body surface area IM or subcutaneously every 4 to 6 hours

Comments:
-This product has not been found by the US FDA to be safe and effective and the product labeling has not been approved.

Uses: For use as a pressor agent, particularly during spinal anesthesia when hypotension is likely to occur; for use in Stokes-Adams syndrome with complete heart block; as a CNS stimulant in narcolepsy and depressive states; and in patients with myasthenia gravis

Usual Pediatric Dose for Myasthenia Gravis

Parenteral:
0.5 mg/kg or 16.7 mg/m2 of body surface area IM or subcutaneously every 4 to 6 hours

Comments:
-This product has not been found by the US FDA to be safe and effective and the product labeling has not been approved.

Uses: For use as a pressor agent, particularly during spinal anesthesia when hypotension is likely to occur; for use in Stokes-Adams syndrome with complete heart block; as a CNS stimulant in narcolepsy and depressive states; and in patients with myasthenia gravis

Usual Pediatric Dose for Narcolepsy

Parenteral:
0.5 mg/kg or 16.7 mg/m2 of body surface area IM or subcutaneously every 4 to 6 hours

Comments:
-This product has not been found by the US FDA to be safe and effective and the product labeling has not been approved.

Uses: For use as a pressor agent, particularly during spinal anesthesia when hypotension is likely to occur; for use in Stokes-Adams syndrome with complete heart block; as a CNS stimulant in narcolepsy and depressive states; and in patients with myasthenia gravis

Usual Pediatric Dose for Asthma - Acute

Parenteral: 0.5 mg/kg or 16.7 mg/m2 of body surface area IM or subcutaneously every 4 to 6 hours

Comments:
-This product has not been found by the US FDA to be safe and effective and the product labeling has not been approved.

Oral:
12 years or older: 12.5 mg to 25 mg orally every 4 hours
-Maximum dose: 150 mg/day

Comments:
-Most over the counter drugs are not reviewed and approved by the US FDA, however they may be marketed if they comply with applicable regulations and policies; the US FDA has not evaluated whether this product complies.

Use: For the temporary relief of shortness of breath, tightness of chest, and wheezing due to bronchial asthma

Renal Dose Adjustments

Data not available

Liver Dose Adjustments

Data not available

Dose Adjustments

Elderly: Elderly patients may require lower doses due to increased risk for adverse effects and increased likelihood of concomitant hepatic, renal, and/or cardiac impairment; consider close monitoring of renal function.

Precautions

Akovaz(TM):
-Safety and efficacy have not been established in patients younger than 18 years.

IM, IV, and Subcutaneous Products:
-Safety and efficacy of this drug has not been established; its limited use in pediatric patients has been inadequate to fully define the proper dosage and limitations of use.

Oral Capsule:
Safety and efficacy have not been established in patients younger than 12 years.

Consult WARNINGS section for additional precautions.

Dialysis

Data not available

Other Comments

Storage requirements:
-Store vials in carton until time of use; protect from light.
-Oral Tablets: Protect from light and moisture; dispense in tight, light resistant container.

Reconstitution/preparation techniques:
-Akovaz(TM): Withdraw 50 mg (1 mL of 50 mg/mL) of Akovaz(TM) and dilute with 9 mL of 5% dextrose injection or 0.9% sodium chloride injection. Withdraw an appropriate dose of the 5 mg/mL solution prior to bolus IV administration.

Monitoring:
-Metabolic: Monitor newborns for signs/symptoms of metabolic acidosis, including monitoring of acid-base status
-Renal: Monitor renal function in patients with renal impairment and elderly patients; monitor patients with renal impairment carefully for adverse events following initial bolus dose

Patient advice:
-Contact your healthcare provider if after taking the oral formulation, symptoms are not relieved within 1 hour or worsen.
-This drug may cause nervousness, tremor, insomnia, nausea, and loss of appetite; consult your physician if symptoms persist or worsen.

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