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Primatene Mist

Generic Name: Epinephrine Inhalation Aerosol (ep i NEF rin)
Brand Name: Primatene Mist

Medically reviewed by Drugs.com. Last updated on Feb 17, 2019.

Uses of Primatene Mist:

  • It is used to treat asthma.
  • It may be given to you for other reasons. Talk with the doctor.

What do I need to tell my doctor BEFORE I take Primatene Mist?

  • If you have an allergy to epinephrine or any other part of Primatene Mist (epinephrine inhalation aerosol).
  • If you are allergic to any drugs like this one, any other drugs, foods, or other substances. Tell your doctor about the allergy and what signs you had, like rash; hives; itching; shortness of breath; wheezing; cough; swelling of face, lips, tongue, or throat; or any other signs.
  • If you have taken certain drugs used for low mood (depression) like isocarboxazid, phenelzine, or tranylcypromine or drugs used for Parkinson's disease like selegiline or rasagiline in the last 14 days. Taking Primatene Mist (epinephrine inhalation aerosol) within 14 days of those drugs can cause very bad high blood pressure.

This is not a list of all drugs or health problems that interact with Primatene Mist (epinephrine inhalation aerosol).

Tell your doctor and pharmacist about all of your drugs (prescription or OTC, natural products, vitamins) and health problems. You must check to make sure that it is safe for you to take Primatene Mist (epinephrine inhalation aerosol) with all of your drugs and health problems. Do not start, stop, or change the dose of any drug without checking with your doctor.

What are some things I need to know or do while I take Primatene Mist?

For all patients taking Primatene Mist (epinephrine inhalation aerosol):

  • Tell all of your health care providers that you take Primatene Mist (epinephrine inhalation aerosol). This includes your doctors, nurses, pharmacists, and dentists.
  • Call your doctor right away if your normal dose does not work well, if your signs get worse, or if you need to use Primatene Mist (epinephrine inhalation aerosol) more often than normal.
  • High blood pressure or fast heartbeat may happen with Primatene Mist (epinephrine inhalation aerosol). This could raise the chance of heart attack or stroke. These could be deadly. If you have questions, talk with the doctor.
  • Avoid use of caffeine (for example, tea, coffee, cola) and chocolate. Use with Primatene Mist (epinephrine inhalation aerosol) may cause high blood pressure, nervousness, shakiness, a fast heartbeat, and anxiety.
  • If you are taking Primatene Mist (epinephrine inhalation aerosol) and have high blood pressure, talk with your doctor before using OTC products that may raise blood pressure. These include cough or cold drugs, diet pills, stimulants, ibuprofen or like products, and some natural products or aids.
  • Tell your doctor if you are pregnant or plan on getting pregnant. You will need to talk about the benefits and risks of using Primatene Mist (epinephrine inhalation aerosol) while you are pregnant.
  • Tell your doctor if you are breast-feeding. You will need to talk about any risks to your baby.

Children:

  • Different forms of Primatene Mist (epinephrine inhalation aerosol) may be for use in different ages of children. Talk with the doctor before giving Primatene Mist (epinephrine inhalation aerosol) to a child.

How is this medicine (Primatene Mist) best taken?

Use Primatene Mist (epinephrine inhalation aerosol) as ordered by your doctor. Read all information given to you. Follow all instructions closely.

  • Follow how to use as you have been told by the doctor or read the package insert.
  • For breathing into the lungs.
  • You will need to prime the pump before first use. You may also need to prime the pump if it has not been used for some time. Be sure you know when you need to prime the pump and how to do it. Talk with the doctor or pharmacist if you have questions.
  • Shake well and spray 1 time into the air before each dose.
  • Do not get Primatene Mist (epinephrine inhalation aerosol) in the eyes.
  • Do not breathe out into the inhaler. Put the cap back on after you use your dose.
  • Follow how to clean carefully.
  • Have your inhaler use checked with your doctor at each visit. Read and follow facts on how to use the inhaler. Make sure you use the inhaler the right way.

What do I do if I miss a dose?

  • If you take Primatene Mist (epinephrine inhalation aerosol) on a regular basis, take a missed dose as soon as you think about it.
  • If it is close to the time for your next dose, skip the missed dose and go back to your normal time.
  • Do not take 2 doses at the same time or extra doses.
  • Many times Primatene Mist (epinephrine inhalation aerosol) is taken on an as needed basis. Do not take more often than told by the doctor.

What are some side effects that I need to call my doctor about right away?

WARNING/CAUTION: Even though it may be rare, some people may have very bad and sometimes deadly side effects when taking a drug. Tell your doctor or get medical help right away if you have any of the following signs or symptoms that may be related to a very bad side effect:

  • Signs of an allergic reaction, like rash; hives; itching; red, swollen, blistered, or peeling skin with or without fever; wheezing; tightness in the chest or throat; trouble breathing, swallowing, or talking; unusual hoarseness; or swelling of the mouth, face, lips, tongue, or throat.
  • Signs of high blood pressure like very bad headache or dizziness, passing out, or change in eyesight.
  • Chest pain or pressure or a fast heartbeat.
  • A heartbeat that does not feel normal.
  • Weakness on 1 side of the body, trouble speaking or thinking, change in balance, drooping on one side of the face, or blurred eyesight.
  • Seizures.
  • Very nervous and excitable.

What are some other side effects of Primatene Mist?

All drugs may cause side effects. However, many people have no side effects or only have minor side effects. Call your doctor or get medical help if any of these side effects or any other side effects bother you or do not go away:

  • Feeling nervous and excitable.
  • Shakiness.
  • Not able to sleep.

These are not all of the side effects that may occur. If you have questions about side effects, call your doctor. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects.

You may report side effects to the FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088. You may also report side effects at http://www.fda.gov/medwatch.

If OVERDOSE is suspected:

If you think there has been an overdose, call your poison control center or get medical care right away. Be ready to tell or show what was taken, how much, and when it happened.

How do I store and/or throw out Primatene Mist?

  • Protect from heat or open flame. Do not puncture or burn even if it seems empty.
  • Store at room temperature. Do not freeze.
  • Keep all drugs in a safe place. Keep all drugs out of the reach of children and pets.
  • Throw away unused or expired drugs. Do not flush down a toilet or pour down a drain unless you are told to do so. Check with your pharmacist if you have questions about the best way to throw out drugs. There may be drug take-back programs in your area.

Consumer information use

  • If your symptoms or health problems do not get better or if they become worse, call your doctor.
  • Do not share your drugs with others and do not take anyone else's drugs.
  • Keep a list of all your drugs (prescription, natural products, vitamins, OTC) with you. Give this list to your doctor.
  • Talk with the doctor before starting any new drug, including prescription or OTC, natural products, or vitamins.
  • Some drugs may have another patient information leaflet. Check with your pharmacist. If you have any questions about Primatene Mist (epinephrine inhalation aerosol), please talk with your doctor, nurse, pharmacist, or other health care provider.
  • If you think there has been an overdose, call your poison control center or get medical care right away. Be ready to tell or show what was taken, how much, and when it happened.

Further information

Always consult your healthcare provider to ensure the information displayed on this page applies to your personal circumstances.

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