Generic Name: piroxicam (pir-OX-i-kam)
Brand Name: Feldene
Piroxicam is a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID). It may cause an increased risk of serious and sometimes fatal heart and blood vessel problems (eg, heart attack, stroke). The risk may be greater if you already have heart problems or if you take piroxicam for a long time. Do not use piroxicam right before or after bypass heart surgery.
Piroxicam may cause an increased risk of serious and sometimes fatal stomach ulcers and bleeding. Elderly patients may be at greater risk. This may occur without warning signs.
Piroxicam is used for:
Treating rheumatoid arthritis or osteoarthritis. It may also be used for other conditions as determined by your doctor.
Piroxicam is an NSAID. Exactly how it works is not known. It may block certain substances in the body that are linked to inflammation. NSAIDs treat the symptoms of pain and inflammation. They do not treat the disease that causes those symptoms.
Do NOT use piroxicam if:
- you are allergic to any ingredient in piroxicam
- you have had a severe allergic reaction (eg, severe rash, hives, trouble breathing, growths in the nose, dizziness) to aspirin or an NSAID (eg, ibuprofen, celecoxib)
- you have recently had or will be having bypass heart surgery
- you are in the last 3 months of pregnancy
- you have active stomach or bowel bleeding
- you are having problems becoming pregnant or you are having your fertility checked
Contact your doctor or health care provider right away if any of these apply to you.
Before using piroxicam:
Some medical conditions may interact with piroxicam. Tell your doctor or pharmacist if you have any medical conditions, especially if any of the following apply to you:
- if you are pregnant, planning to become pregnant, or are breast-feeding
- if you are taking any prescription or nonprescription medicine, herbal preparation, or dietary supplement
- if you have allergies to medicines, foods, or other substances
- if you have a history of kidney or liver problems, diabetes, or stomach or bowel problems (eg, bleeding, perforation, ulcers)
- if you have a history of swelling or fluid buildup, asthma, growths in the nose (nasal polyps), or mouth inflammation
- if you have high blood pressure, blood disorders (eg, porphyria), bleeding or clotting problems, heart problems (eg, heart failure), or blood vessel disease, or if you are at risk for any of these diseases
- if you have poor health, dehydration or low fluid volume, or low blood sodium levels, or if you smoke, you drink alcohol, or you have a history of alcohol abuse
Some MEDICINES MAY INTERACT with piroxicam. Tell your health care provider if you are taking any other medicines, especially any of the following:
- Anticoagulants (eg, warfarin), aspirin, clopidogrel, corticosteroids (eg, prednisone), heparin, rivaroxaban, or selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) (eg, fluoxetine) because the risk of stomach bleeding may be increased
- Probenecid because it may increase the risk of piroxicam's side effects
- Cholestyramine because it may decrease piroxicam's effectiveness
- Bisphosphonates (eg, alendronate, risedronate), cyclosporine, hydantoins (eg, phenytoin), lithium, methotrexate, quinolones (eg, ciprofloxacin), sulfonamides (eg, sulfamethoxazole), or sulfonylureas (eg, glipizide) because the risk of their side effects may be increased by piroxicam
- Angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors (eg, enalapril) or diuretics (eg, furosemide, hydrochlorothiazide) because their effectiveness may be decreased by piroxicam
This may not be a complete list of all interactions that may occur. Ask your health care provider if piroxicam may interact with other medicines that you take. Check with your health care provider before you start, stop, or change the dose of any medicine.
How to use piroxicam:
Use piroxicam as directed by your doctor. Check the label on the medicine for exact dosing instructions.
- Piroxicam comes with an extra patient information sheet called a Medication Guide. Read it carefully. Read it again each time you get piroxicam refilled.
- Take piroxicam by mouth. It may be taken with food if it upsets your stomach. This may not lower the risk of stomach or bowel problems (eg, bleeding, ulcers). Talk with your doctor if you have persistent stomach upset.
- Take piroxicam with a full glass (8 oz [240 mL]) of water as directed by your doctor.
- If you miss a dose of piroxicam and you are taking it regularly, take it as soon as possible. If it is almost time for your next dose, skip the missed dose. Go back to your regular dosing schedule. Do not take 2 doses at once.
Ask your health care provider any questions you may have about how to use piroxicam.
Important safety information:
- Tell your doctor or dentist that you take piroxicam before you receive any medical or dental care, emergency care, or surgery.
- Serious stomach ulcers or bleeding can occur with the use of piroxicam. Taking it in high doses or for a long time, smoking, or drinking alcohol increases the risk of these side effects. Taking piroxicam with food will NOT reduce the risk of these effects. Contact your doctor or emergency room at once if you develop severe stomach or back pain; black, tarry stools; vomit that looks like blood or coffee grounds; or unusual weight gain or swelling.
- Do NOT take more than the recommended dose or use for longer than prescribed without checking with your doctor.
- Piroxicam may reduce the number of clot-forming cells (platelets) in your blood. Avoid activities that may cause bruising or injury. Tell your doctor if you have unusual bruising or bleeding. Tell your doctor if you have dark, tarry, or bloody stools.
- Piroxicam is an NSAID. Before you start taking any new medicine, read the ingredients. If it also has an NSAID (eg, ibuprofen) in it, check with your doctor. If you are not sure, check with your doctor or pharmacist.
- Do not take aspirin while you are using piroxicam unless your doctor tells you to.
- A severe skin reaction (Stevens-Johnson syndrome/toxic epidermal necrolysis) may happen. It can cause very bad health problems that may not go away, and sometimes death. Get medical help right away if you have symptoms like red, swollen, blistered, or peeling skin (with or without fever); red or irritated eyes; or sores in your mouth, throat, nose, or eyes.
- Severe and sometimes fatal liver problems have happened with this drug. Call your doctor right away if you have signs of liver problems like dark urine, feeling tired, not hungry, upset stomach or stomach pain, light-colored stools, throwing up, or yellow skin or eyes.
- Have an eye exam as you have been told by your doctor.
- Piroxicam may lead to high blood pressure. Have your blood pressure checked as you have been told by your doctor.
- Lab tests may be performed while you use piroxicam. These tests may be used to monitor your condition or check for side effects. Be sure to keep all doctor and lab appointments.
- Use piroxicam with caution in the ELDERLY; they may be more sensitive to its effects, including stomach bleeding and kidney problems.
- NSAIDs like piroxicam may affect egg release (ovulation) in women. This may cause you to not be able to get pregnant. This goes back to normal when this drug is stopped. Discuss any questions or concerns with your doctor.
- Piroxicam should be used with extreme caution in CHILDREN; safety and effectiveness in children have not been confirmed.
- PREGNANCY and BREAST-FEEDING: Piroxicam may harm the fetus. Do not use it during the last 3 months of pregnancy. If you think you may be pregnant, contact your doctor. You will need to discuss the benefits and risks of using piroxicam while you are pregnant. Piroxicam is found in breast milk. If you are or will be breast-feeding while you use piroxicam, check with your doctor. Discuss any possible risks to your baby.
Possible side effects of piroxicam:
All medicines may cause side effects, but many people have no, or minor, side effects. Check with your doctor if any of these most COMMON side effects persist or become bothersome:
Seek medical attention right away if any of these SEVERE side effects occur:
Constipation; diarrhea; dizziness; gas; headache; heartburn; nausea; stomach pain or upset; vomiting.
Severe allergic reactions (rash; hives; itching; trouble breathing; tightness in the chest; swelling of the mouth, face, lips, or tongue); chest pain; confusion; depression; fainting; fast or irregular heartbeat; fever, chills, or persistent sore throat; mental or mood changes; numbness of an arm or leg; one-sided weakness; ringing in the ears; seizures; severe or persistent headache or dizziness; severe or persistent stomach pain, nausea, or vomiting; shortness of breath; sudden or unexplained weight gain; swelling of the hands, legs, or feet; symptoms of bleeding (eg, vomiting blood or vomit that looks like coffee grounds; coughing up blood; blood in the urine; black, red, or tarry stools; bleeding from the gums; unusual vaginal bleeding; bruises without a reason or that get bigger; any bleeding that is severe or that you cannot stop); symptoms of kidney problems (eg, blood in the urine, change in the amount of urine produced); unusual joint or muscle pain; unusual tiredness or weakness; vision or speech changes.
This is not a complete list of all side effects that may occur. If you have questions about side effects, contact your health care provider. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. To report side effects to the appropriate agency, please read the Guide to Reporting Problems to FDA.
If OVERDOSE is suspected:
Store piroxicam at room temperature, between 59 and 86 degrees F (15 and 30 degrees C). Store away from heat, moisture, and light. Do not store in the bathroom. Keep piroxicam out of the reach of children and away from pets.
- If you have any questions about piroxicam, please talk with your doctor, pharmacist, or other health care provider.
- Piroxicam is to be used only by the patient for whom it is prescribed. Do not share it with other people.
- If your symptoms do not improve or if they become worse, check with your doctor.
- Check with your pharmacist about how to dispose of unused medicine.
This information should not be used to decide whether or not to take piroxicam or any other medicine. Only your health care provider has the knowledge and training to decide which medicines are right for you. This information does not endorse any medicine as safe, effective, or approved for treating any patient or health condition. This is only a brief summary of general information about piroxicam. It does NOT include all information about the possible uses, directions, warnings, precautions, interactions, adverse effects, or risks that may apply to piroxicam. This information is not specific medical advice and does not replace information you receive from your health care provider. You must talk with your healthcare provider for complete information about the risks and benefits of using piroxicam.
Disclaimer: This information should not be used to decide whether or not to take this medicine or any other medicine. Only your health care provider has the knowledge and training to decide which medicines are right for you. This information does not endorse any medicine as safe, effective, or approved for treating any patient or health condition. This is only a brief summary of general information about this medicine. It does NOT include all information about the possible uses, directions, warnings, precautions, interactions, adverse effects, or risks that may apply to this medicine. This information is not specific medical advice and does not replace information you receive from your health care provider. You must talk with your healthcare provider for complete information about the risks and benefits of using this medicine.
More about piroxicam
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- Drug class: nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory agents
Other brands: Feldene