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Medically reviewed by Last updated on Jun 5, 2024.

What is osteoarthritis?

Osteoarthritis (OA) occurs when cartilage (tissue that cushions a joint) wears away slowly and causes the bones to rub together. OA is a long-term condition that often affects the hands, neck, lower back, knees, and hips. OA is also called arthrosis or degenerative joint disease.

What increases my risk for OA?

What are the signs and symptoms of OA?

How is OA diagnosed?

X-rays are pictures of the bones in your joint. Contrast liquid may be injected into your joint before the x-ray. The liquid will help your joint show up better on the x-ray. Tell the healthcare provider if you have ever had an allergic reaction to contrast liquid.

How is OA treated?

The goals of treatment are to decrease pain, increase strength, and improve movement. You may need any of the following:

Treatment options

The following list of medications are related to or used in the treatment of this condition.

View more treatment options

How can I manage my symptoms?

When should I call my doctor?

Care Agreement

You have the right to help plan your care. Learn about your health condition and how it may be treated. Discuss treatment options with your healthcare providers to decide what care you want to receive. You always have the right to refuse treatment. The above information is an educational aid only. It is not intended as medical advice for individual conditions or treatments. Talk to your doctor, nurse or pharmacist before following any medical regimen to see if it is safe and effective for you.

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Learn more about Osteoarthritis

Treatment options

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Further information

Always consult your healthcare provider to ensure the information displayed on this page applies to your personal circumstances.