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Xulane Side Effects

Generic Name: ethinyl estradiol / norelgestromin

Note: This document contains side effect information about ethinyl estradiol / norelgestromin. Some of the dosage forms listed on this page may not apply to the brand name Xulane.

For the Consumer

Applies to ethinyl estradiol / norelgestromin: transdermal patch extended release

Along with its needed effects, ethinyl estradiol / norelgestromin may cause some unwanted effects. Although not all of these side effects may occur, if they do occur they may need medical attention.

Check with your doctor immediately if any of the following side effects occur while taking ethinyl estradiol / norelgestromin:

More common
  • Body aches or pain
  • chills
  • cough
  • difficulty with breathing
  • ear congestion
  • fever
  • headache
  • loss of voice
  • nasal congestion
  • runny nose
  • sneezing
  • sore throat
  • unusual tiredness or weakness
Incidence not known
  • Anxiety
  • changes in skin color
  • chest pain or discomfort
  • confusion
  • dark urine
  • diarrhea
  • dizziness
  • eye pain
  • fainting
  • inability to speak
  • itching
  • lack or loss of appetite
  • light-colored stools
  • lightheadedness
  • nausea
  • numbness in the hands
  • pain in the abdomen or stomach
  • pain in the chest, groin, or legs, especially the calves
  • pain or discomfort in the arms, jaw, back, or neck
  • pain, tenderness, or swelling of the foot or leg
  • pounding in the ears
  • rash
  • seizures
  • slow or fast heartbeat
  • slurred speech
  • sudden headache
  • sudden loss of coordination
  • sudden, severe weakness or numbness in the arm or leg on one side of the body
  • sudden, unexplained shortness of breath
  • sweating
  • swelling, pain, or tenderness in the upper abdominal or stomach area
  • temporary blindness
  • unpleasant breath odor
  • vision changes
  • vomiting of blood
  • yellow eyes or skin

Get emergency help immediately if any of the following symptoms of overdose occur while taking ethinyl estradiol / norelgestromin:

Symptoms of overdose
  • Unusual vaginal bleeding in women
  • vomiting

Some side effects of ethinyl estradiol / norelgestromin may occur that usually do not need medical attention. These side effects may go away during treatment as your body adjusts to the medicine. Also, your health care professional may be able to tell you about ways to prevent or reduce some of these side effects. Check with your health care professional if any of the following side effects continue or are bothersome or if you have any questions about them:

More common
  • Burning, itching, or redness of the skin
  • menstrual cramps
  • pain, soreness, swelling, or discharge from the breast or breasts
  • swelling or soreness at the patch site
Incidence not known
  • Abdominal or stomach cramps or bloating
  • absent, missed, or irregular menstrual periods
  • bloody vaginal discharge
  • brown, blotchy spots on exposed skin
  • change in amount of vaginal discharge
  • change in menstrual flow
  • decreased amount of breast milk
  • discouragement
  • dry mouth
  • feeling sad or empty
  • increase or decrease in weight
  • increased hunger or thirst
  • increased urination
  • irritability
  • itching of the vagina or outside of the genitals
  • light vaginal bleeding between periods and after sexual intercourse
  • loss of interest or pleasure
  • pain during sexual intercourse
  • stopping of menstrual bleeding
  • swelling
  • thick, white curd-like vaginal discharge without odor or with mild odor
  • trouble concentrating
  • trouble sleeping

For Healthcare Professionals

Applies to ethinyl estradiol / norelgestromin: transdermal film extended release

General

The most frequently reported side effects were breast symptoms, nausea/vomiting, headache, application site disorder, abdominal pain, dysmenorrhea, vaginal bleeding and menstrual disorders, and mood affect and anxiety disorders.[Ref]

Gastrointestinal

Very common (10% or more): Nausea (16.6%)
Common (1% to 10%): Abdominal pain, vomiting, diarrhea, abdominal distention
Postmarketing reports: Colitis[Ref]

Nervous system

Very common (10% or more): Headache (21%)
Common (1% to 10%): Dizziness, migraine
Rare (less than 0.1%): Cerebrovascular accident
Frequency not reported: Stroke
Postmarketing reports: Dysgeusia, migraine with aura, hemorrhage intracranial, cerebral hemorrhage, abnormal taste[Ref]

Respiratory

Rare (less than 0.1%): Pulmonary embolism
Postmarketing reports: Pulmonary artery thrombosis[Ref]

Genitourinary

Very common (10% or more): Breast symptoms (22.4%), breast tenderness
Common (1% to 10%): Dysmenorrhea, vaginal bleeding/menstrual disorder, vaginal yeast infection/candidiasis, vulvovaginal infection, uterine spasm, vaginal discharge
Uncommon (0.1% to 1%): Galactorrhea, premenstrual syndrome, vulvovaginal dryness
Rare (less than 0.1%): Genital discharge
Frequency not reported: Uterine bleeding irregular
Postmarketing reports: Lactation suppressed, menstrual disorder[Ref]

Local

Very common (10% or more): Application site disorder (17.1%)
Common (1% to 10%): Application site reaction
Rare (less than 0.1%): Application site pustule
Postmarketing reports: Erosion, abscess[Ref]

Cardiovascular

Uncommon (0.1% to 1%): Hypertension, blood pressure increased
Rare (less than 0.1%): Arterial thromboembolism
Postmarketing reports: Myocardial infarction, arterial thrombosis, cerebrovascular accident, deep vein thrombosis, hypertension, hypertensive crisis, thrombosis, venous thromboembolism[Ref]

Psychiatric

Common (1% to 10%): Mood disorder, affect disorder, anxiety
Uncommon (0.1% to 1%): Insomnia, libido decreased
Rare (less than 0.1%): Libido increased
Postmarketing reports: Anger, emotional disorder, frustration, irritability[Ref]

Metabolic

Uncommon (0.1% to 1%): Hypercholesterolemia, fluid retention, appetite increase, lipid disorder
Postmarketing reports: Hyperglycemia, insulin resistance, blood glucose decreased, blood glucose increased, blood cholesterol abnormal, low density lipoprotein increased, blood glucose abnormal[Ref]

Dermatologic

Common (1% to 10%): Acne, pruritus, rash, skin reaction, skin irritation
Uncommon (0.1% to 1%): Alopecia, allergic dermatitis, eczema, urticaria, photosensitivity, contact dermatitis, erythema
Frequency not reported: Chloasma
Postmarketing reports: Erythema multiforme, erythema nodosum, seborrheic dermatitis, pustular rash, angioedema, exfoliative rash[Ref]

Hepatic

Rare (less than 0.1%): Cholecystitis, cholelithiasis
Postmarketing reports: Cholestasis, hepatic lesion, cholestatic jaundice[Ref]

Other

Common (1% to 10%): Fatigue, weight increased, malaise
Uncommon (0.1% to 1%): Edema, peripheral edema
Rare (less than 0.1%): Swelling
Postmarketing reports: Face edema, pitting edema, localized edema[Ref]

Musculoskeletal

Common (1% to 10%): Muscle spasm[Ref]

Oncologic

Rare (less than 0.1%): Fibroadenoma of breast, uterine leiomyoma
Postmarketing reports: Breast cancer, cervix carcinoma, hepatic adenoma, hepatic neoplasm, breast mass, cervical dysplasia[Ref]

Ocular

Postmarketing reports: Contact lens intolerance/complication[Ref]

Immunologic

Uncommon (0.1% to 1%): Hypersensitivity
Postmarketing reports: Allergic reaction[Ref]

References

1. "Product Information. Ortho Evra (ethinyl estradiol-norelgestromin)." Janssen Pharmaceuticals, Titusville, NJ.

2. Cerner Multum, Inc. "UK Summary of Product Characteristics." O 0

Some side effects of Xulane may not be reported. Always consult your doctor or healthcare specialist for medical advice. You may also report side effects to the FDA.

Disclaimer: Every effort has been made to ensure that the information provided is accurate, up-to-date and complete, but no guarantee is made to that effect. In addition, the drug information contained herein may be time sensitive and should not be utilized as a reference resource beyond the date hereof. This material does not endorse drugs, diagnose patients, or recommend therapy. This information is a reference resource designed as supplement to, and not a substitute for, the expertise, skill , knowledge, and judgement of healthcare practitioners in patient care. The absence of a warning for a given drug or combination thereof in no way should be construed to indicate safety, effectiveness, or appropriateness for any given patient. Drugs.com does not assume any responsibility for any aspect of healthcare administered with the aid of materials provided. The information contained herein is not intended to cover all possible uses, directions, precautions, warnings, drug interactions, allergic reactions, or adverse effects. If you have questions about the substances you are taking, check with your doctor, nurse, or pharmacist.

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