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Sexually Transmitted Diseases

Medically reviewed by Last updated on May 6, 2024.

What is a sexually transmitted disease (STD)?

An STD means signs or symptoms of a sexually transmitted infection (STI) have developed. An STI happens when bacteria or a virus are spread through oral, genital, or anal sex. Some examples of STDs are HIV, chlamydia, syphilis, and gonorrhea.

What are the signs and symptoms of an STD?

You may have one or more of the following, depending on the STD:

What increases my risk for an STD?

How is an STD diagnosed?

Your healthcare provider will examine you and ask about your symptoms. He or she may ask you about your sex history or other medical conditions. He or she will ask if you have had an STD before.

How is an STD treated?

Treatment depends on the STD you have. Antibiotics may be given for a bacterial infection. Antivirals may be given for a viral infection. Antifungals may be given for a fungal infection, such as a yeast infection. Early treatment may decrease the risk for certain cancers. Early treatment can also help prevent infertility.

Treatment options

The following list of medications are related to or used in the treatment of this condition.

How can I help prevent the spread of an STI?

Ask your healthcare provider for more information about the following safe sex practices:

When should I seek immediate care?

When should I call my doctor?

Care Agreement

You have the right to help plan your care. Learn about your health condition and how it may be treated. Discuss treatment options with your healthcare providers to decide what care you want to receive. You always have the right to refuse treatment. The above information is an educational aid only. It is not intended as medical advice for individual conditions or treatments. Talk to your doctor, nurse or pharmacist before following any medical regimen to see if it is safe and effective for you.

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Further information

Always consult your healthcare provider to ensure the information displayed on this page applies to your personal circumstances.