Generic Name: dolutegravir and lamivudine
Dosage Form: Tablets
Date of Approval: April 8, 2019
Company: ViiV Healthcare
Treatment for: HIV Infection
Medically reviewed by J. Stewart, BPharm. Last updated on Apr 15, 2019.
Read this Patient Information before you start treatment. This information does not take the place of talking with your healthcare provider about your medical condition or your treatment.
If you have both human immunodeficiency virus-1 (HIV-1) and hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection, Dovato can cause serious side effects, including:
- Resistant HBV infection. Your healthcare provider will test you for HBV infection before you start treatment. If you have HIV-1 and hepatitis B, the hepatitis B virus can change (mutate) during your treatment and become harder to treat (resistant). It is not known if this medicine is safe and effective in people who have HIV-1 and HBV infection.
- Worsening of HBV infection. If you have HIV-1 and HBV infection, your HBV may get worse (flare-up) if you stop taking Dovato. A “flare-up” is when your HBV infection suddenly returns in a worse way than before. Worsening liver disease can be serious and may lead to death.
- Do not run out of your prescription. Refill your prescription or talk to your healthcare provider before your medicine is all gone.
- Do not stop treatment without first talking to your healthcare provider. If you stop treatment, your healthcare provider will need to check your health often and do blood tests regularly for several months to check your liver.
What is Dovato?
Dovato is a prescription medicine that is used without other antiretroviral medicines to treat HIV-1 infection in adults:
- who have not received antiretroviral medicines in the past, and
- without known resistance to the medicines dolutegravir or lamivudine.
HIV-1 is the virus that causes Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS).
It is not known if this medicine is safe and effective in children.
Who should not take Dovato?
Do not take Dovato if you:
- have ever had an allergic reaction to a medicine that contains dolutegravir or lamivudine.
- take dofetilide.
Before taking Dovato
Before you take Dovato, tell your healthcare provider about all of your medical conditions, including if you:
- have or have had liver problems, including hepatitis B or C infection.
- have kidney problems.
- are pregnant or plan to become pregnant. One of the medicines in Dovato (dolutegravir) may harm your unborn baby.
- You should not take Dovato if you are planning to become pregnant or during the first 12 weeks of pregnancy. Your healthcare provider may prescribe a different medicine if you are planning to become pregnant or become pregnant during treatment with Dovato.
- If you can become pregnant, your healthcare provider will perform a pregnancy test before you start treatment.
- If you can become pregnant, you should consistently use effective birth control (contraception) during treatment.
- Tell your healthcare provider right away if you are planning to become pregnant, you become pregnant, or think you may be pregnant during treatment.
Pregnancy Registry. There is a pregnancy registry for people who take antiretroviral medicines, including Dovato, during pregnancy. The purpose of this registry is to collect information about the health of you and your baby. Talk with your healthcare provider about how you can take part in this registry.
- are breastfeeding or plan to breastfeed. Do not breastfeed if you take Dovato.
- You should not breastfeed if you have HIV-1 because of the risk of passing HIV-1 to your baby.
- One of the medicines in Dovato (lamivudine) passes into your breast milk.
- Talk with your healthcare provider about the best way to feed your baby.
Tell your healthcare provider about all the medicines you take, including prescription and over-thecounter medicines, vitamins, and herbal supplements.
Some medicines interact with Dovato. Keep a list of your medicines and show it to your healthcare provider and pharmacist when you get a new medicine.
- You can ask your healthcare provider or pharmacist for a list of medicines that interact with Dovato.
- Do not start taking a new medicine without telling your healthcare provider. Your healthcare provider can tell you if it is safe to take Dovato with other medicines.
How should I take Dovato?
- Take Dovato tablets one time a day exactly as your healthcare provider tells you.
- Take the tablets with or without food.
- Do not change your dose or stop treatment without talking with your healthcare provider.
- If you take antacids, laxatives, or other medicines that contain aluminum, magnesium, or buffered medicines, Dovato should be taken at least two hours before or six hours after you take these medicines.
- If you need to take iron or calcium supplements, including multivitamins that contain iron or calcium, by mouth during treatment with Dovato:
- You may take these supplements at the same time that you take Dovato with food.
- If you do not take these supplements with Dovato and food, take Dovato at least two hours before or six hours after you take these supplements.
- Do not miss a dose. If you miss a dose, take it as soon as you remember. Do not take two doses at the same time or take more than your prescribed dose.
- Stay under the care of a healthcare provider during treatment.
- Do not run out of Dovato. The virus in your blood may increase and the virus may become harder to treat. When your supply starts to run low, get more from your healthcare provider or pharmacy.
- If you take too much or overdose, call your healthcare provider or go to the nearest hospital emergency room right away.
Dovato side effects
Dovato can cause serious side effects, including:
- See Important information.
- Allergic reactions. Call your healthcare provider right away if you develop a rash. Stop taking Dovato and get medical help right away if you develop a rash with any of the following signs or symptoms:
- generally ill feeling
- muscle or joint aches
- blisters or sores in mouth
- blisters or peeling of the skin
- redness or swelling of the eyes
- swelling of the mouth, face, lips, or tongue
- problems breathing
- Liver problems. People with a history of hepatitis B or C virus may have an increased risk of developing new or worsening changes in certain liver tests during treatment. Liver problems, including liver failure, have also happened in people without a history of liver disease or other risk factors. Your healthcare provider may do blood tests to check your liver.
Tell your healthcare provider right away if you get any of the following signs or symptoms of liver problems:
- your skin or the white part of your eyes turns yellow (jaundice)
- dark or “tea-colored” urine
- light-colored stools (bowel movements)
- nausea or vomiting
- loss of appetite
- pain, aching, or tenderness on the right side of your stomach area
- Too much lactic acid in your blood (lactic acidosis). Lactic acidosis is a serious medical emergency that can lead to death.
Tell your healthcare provider right away if you get any of the following symptoms that could be signs of lactic acidosis:
- feel very weak or tired
- unusual (not normal) muscle pain
- trouble breathing
- stomach pain with nausea and vomiting
- feel cold, especially in your arms and legs
- feel dizzy or light-headed
- have a fast or irregular heartbeat
- Lactic acidosis can also lead to severe liver problems, which can lead to death. Your liver may become large (hepatomegaly) and you may develop fat in your liver (steatosis). Tell your healthcare provider right away if you get any of the signs or symptoms of liver problems which are listed above under “Liver problems”. You may be more likely to get lactic acidosis or severe liver problems if you are female or very overweight (obese).
- Changes in your immune system (Immune Reconstitution Syndrome) can happen when you start taking HIV-1 medicines. Your immune system may get stronger and begin to fight infections that have been hidden in your body for a long time. Tell your healthcare provider right away if you start having new symptoms after you start taking Dovato.
The most common side effects include:
- trouble sleeping
These are not all the possible side effects. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.
How should I store Dovato?
- Store Dovato below 86°F (30°C).
- Dovato comes in a child-resistant package.
Keep all medicines out of the reach of children and pets.
General information about the safe and effective use of Dovato.
Medicines are sometimes prescribed for purposes other than those listed in a Patient Information leaflet. Do not use this medicine for a condition for which it was not prescribed. Do not give it to other people, even if they have the same symptoms that you have. It may harm them. You can ask your healthcare provider or pharmacist for information that is written for health professionals.
What are the ingredients in Dovato?
Active ingredients: dolutegravir and lamivudine.
Inactive ingredients: magnesium stearate, mannitol, microcrystalline cellulose, povidone K29/32, sodium starch glycolate, sodium stearyl fumarate.
The tablet film-coating contains: hypromellose, polyethylene glycol, titanium dioxide.
Always consult your healthcare provider to ensure the information displayed on this page applies to your personal circumstances.