Generic Name: segesterone acetate and ethinyl estradiol
Dosage Form: Vaginal System
Date of Approval: August 10, 2018
Company: The Population Council
Treatment for: Birth Control
Medically reviewed on August 18, 2018
FDA Approves Annovera
The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has approved Annovera (segesterone acetate and ethinyl estradiol vaginal system), the first and only contraceptive that provides an entire year of protection against unintended pregnancy while fully under a woman's control.
Read this Patient Information carefully before you decide if Annovera is right for you. This information does not take the place of talking with your gynecologist or other health-care provider who specializes in women’s health. If you have any questions, ask your health-care provider. You should also learn about other birth control methods to choose the one that is best for you.
- Do not use Annovera if you smoke cigarettes and are over 35 years old. Smoking increases your risk of serious heart and blood vessel (cardiovascular) side effects from hormonal birth control methods, including death from heart attack, blood clots, or stroke. This risk increases with age and the number of cigarettes you smoke.
Annovera does not protect against HIV infection (AIDS) and other sexually transmitted infections (STIs).
What is Annovera?
Annovera is a hormone-releasing system used by females who are able to become pregnant to prevent pregnancy. You insert Annovera into your vagina. Annovera is in the shape of a ring that is reusable for one year. The vaginal system is made of silicone and contains two female hormones that are slowly released into your vagina and then enter your blood. One hormone is an estrogen called ethinyl estradiol. The other hormone is a progestin called segesterone acetate.
How well does Annovera work for contraception?
Your chance of getting pregnant depends on how well you follow the directions for using the vaginal system. The more carefully you follow the directions, the less chance you have of getting pregnant.
Based on the results of two clinical studies that lasted 12 months, about 2 to 4 women out of 100 women may get pregnant during the first year they use Annovera. Annovera was designed to be reused for one year. Replace Annovera at the end of one year if you choose to continue using Annovera. There is not enough hormone left in the vaginal system to provide you effective birth control after one year of use.
The following chart shows the chance of getting pregnant for women who use different methods of birth control. Each box on the chart contains a list of birth control methods that are similar in how well they work to prevent pregnancy. The most effective methods are at the top of the chart. The box at the bottom of the chart shows the chance of getting pregnant for women who do not use birth control and are trying to get pregnant.
Annovera, a vaginal system with hormones, is in the second box from the top of the chart.
Who should not use Annovera?
Do not use Annovera if you:
- smoke and are over 35 years old.
- have or have had a blood clot in your arms, legs, lungs, or eyes.
- have had a stroke.
- have reduced blood flow to your brain (cerebrovascular disease).
- have reduced blood flow or blockage in one or more of the arteries that supply blood to your heart (coronary artery disease).
- have had a heart attack.
- have heart rhythm or heart valve problems that increase your risk of having blood clots, such as an infection of the inner lining of the heart and heart valves or a type of irregular heartbeat called atrial fibrillation.
- have a problem with your blood that makes it clot more than normal.
- have high blood pressure that is not controlled with medicine or have high blood pressure with blood vessel damage.
- have diabetes and are over 35 years old; have diabetes with high blood pressure or problems with your kidneys, blood vessels, eyes, or nerves; or have had diabetes for longer than 20 years.
- have headaches with changes in vision, numbness or weakness, have migraine headaches with aura, or are over age 35 years old and have any type of migraine headaches.
- have liver disease or liver tumors.
- have or have had breast cancer or any cancer that is sensitive to the female hormones estrogen or progesterone.
- have unexplained vaginal bleeding.
- are allergic to segesterone acetate, ethinyl estradiol, or any of the ingredients in Annovera. See the end of this page for a complete list of ingredients.
- take any Hepatitis C drug combination medicine containing ombitasvir/paritaprevir/ritonavir, with or without dasabuvir. This may increase levels of the liver enzyme alanine aminotransferase (ALT) in the blood.
Before using Annovera
Before you use Annovera, tell your health-care provider if you:
- have any of the conditions listed above.
- are pregnant or think you are pregnant.
- recently had a baby, miscarriage, or abortion.
- have breast problems such as an abnormal mammogram or breast x-ray, breast nodules, fibrocystic breast disease, or a family history of breast cancer.
- have any medical condition, especially migraine headaches, depression, seizures, diabetes, high blood pressure, high cholesterol or triglycerides, gallbladder disease, liver disease, heart disease, or kidney disease.
- have a family history of blood clots or stroke.
- have yellowing of the skin or eyes (jaundice).
- have a condition that makes your vagina become irritated easily.
- have a history of toxic shock syndrome.
- had gallbladder problems when you were pregnant.
- are scheduled for surgery. The hormones in Annovera may increase your risk of blood clots after surgery. You should stop using Annovera at least four weeks before you have surgery and not restart until at least two weeks after your surgery.
- are scheduled for any laboratory tests. Certain blood tests may be affected by hormonal birth control methods.
- are breastfeeding or plan to breastfeed. You should not use Annovera if you are breastfeeding. The hormones in Annovera may decrease your milk production. The hormones in Annovera pass into your breast milk. Talk with your health-care provider about the best birth control method for you while breastfeeding.
Tell your health-care provider about all medicines you take, including prescription and over-the-counter medicines, vitamins, and herbal supplements.
Some medicines, vitamins, and herbal supplements make hormonal contraception less effective, such as:
- anti-seizure medicines
- medicine used to treat fungal infections
- combinations of HIV medicines
- Hepatitis C (HCV) medicines
- non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors
- medicine to treat tuberculosis
- medicine to treat high blood pressure in the vessels of the lung
- medicine to treat chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting
- St. John’s wort
Talk to your health-care provider if you take any of the medicines listed above to see if the specific medicine you take may make hormonal contraceptives less effective. Use a back-up or another birth control method when you take medicine that may make hormonal contraceptives less effective and for 28 days after stopping the medicine.
Do not use any vaginal products such as oil-based suppositories, oil-based creams, or oil-based gels while the vaginal system is in your vagina. Do not use any vaginal lubricants that have silicone or oil in them. Water-based lubricants are ok to use. Be sure to read the ingredients on the label carefully before you buy a vaginal lubricant.
Some medicines and grapefruit juice may increase the level of ethinyl estradiol in your blood if used together, including:
- the pain reliever acetaminophen
- ascorbic acid (vitamin C)
- types of medicines used to treat fungal infections
- HIV medicines
- non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors
- medicines to lower cholesterol
Annovera may affect the way that lamotrigine (a medicine used to treat seizures) works and may increase the risk of seizures. Your health-care provider may need to adjust your dose of lamotrigine.
Females who take thyroid hormone replacement medicine or corticosteroid replacement medicine may need increased doses of their thyroid hormone or cortisol medicines.
Ask your health-care provider if you are not sure if you take any of the medicines listed above.
Know the medicines you take. Keep a list of them to show your health-care provider and pharmacist when you get a new medicine. Talk to your health-care provider before you start taking a new medicine.
How should I use Annovera?
- Read the Instructions for Use leaflet that comes with Annovera for information about the right way to insert, remove, clean, store, and dispose of (throw away) Annovera.
- Use Annovera exactly as your health-care provider tells you to use it.
Annovera is a hormonal birth control method that is used for 3 out of 4 weeks every month. The same vaginal system is reusable for up to one full year (one year includes 13 cycles; each cycle is 28 days).
After you insert Annovera for the first time, you will remove it at the end of week 3 and leave it out for seven days. You will reinsert Annovera at the end of week 4 of each 4-week cycle. You will repeat this pattern with Annovera for up to 13 cycles. Scheduled insertions and removals of Annovera should be at about the same time of the day and the same day of the week for each monthly cycle.
- The day of the week when you first insert Annovera (referred to as "Day 1") is your vaginal system change day.
- For each cycle, you put the vaginal system into your vagina and let it stay there 3 weeks (21 full days). Remember to keep the vaginal system in for the whole 3 weeks (21 full days).
- You take the vaginal system out on your vaginal system change day (Day 22) and let it stay out for 1 week (7 full days). Note that your vaginal system should be cleaned with warm water and mild soap, dried with a clean cloth towel or paper towel, and stored in the case provided, away from children, pets, and extreme temperatures. (See the Instructions for Use.)
- Then you start over again for another 4 weeks. You may not be bleeding when you put the vaginal system in.
- Always put the vaginal system in or take it out on your vaginal system change day at about the same time of day. For example, if you put your vaginal system in on Monday at 9:00 in the morning, always take it out or put it back in on Monday at about 9:00 in the morning.
- You do not have to take the vaginal system out when you have sex. If you decide to remove it, remember to reinsert it within 2 hours after removing it or you may not be protected from pregnancy. However, if Annovera is out of your vagina for more than 2 hours at one time or if Annovera is out of your vagina at different times that add up to more than a total of 2 hours over the first 21 days of your cycle, you will need to use another method of birth control (such as male condoms or spermicide) until Annovera has been in your vagina for 7 days in a row.
The diagram shows the timing for putting the vaginal system in and taking it out for 2 cycles.
- Repeat the 4-week cycle for all 13 cycles of the use of the vaginal system.
- Do not use the vaginal system for more than 13 cycles (1 year). At the end of the 13 cycles, take the vaginal system out of your vagina. Place the used vaginal system in the case that comes with Annovera and dispose of it (throw away) at a drug take-back location, if available. If a drug take-back location is not available, dispose of it in the trash out of reach of children and pets. Do not flush Annovera down the toilet.
- If you want to continue using Annovera after 13 cycles, you will need to receive a new prescription from your healthcare provider for a new vaginal system.
- If you start using Annovera four or more weeks after having a baby and you have not had a menstrual period yet, you should use another method of birth control until you have used Annovera for 7 days in a row.
What happens if I am off schedule using the vaginal system?
It is very important to follow the schedule every cycle and remove and insert Annovera on your vaginal system-in and vaginal system-out days at about the same time. If you take the vaginal system out too soon or put it back in too late, your chance of getting pregnant is higher.
If you are more than 1 or 2 days off schedule for vaginal system insertion you will need to use new vaginal system-in and vaginal system-out days for the remaining cycles of use. You will also need to use back-up contraception, such as condoms or spermicide, for the first 7 days of the new schedule if you have sexual intercourse.
During the 21 days of continuous use, if Annovera™ is out of the vagina for more than 2 continuous hours or more than 2 cumulative hours (multiple inadvertent removals or expulsions adding up to 2 hours), then back-up contraception such as male condoms or spermicide should be used until the vaginal system has been in the vagina for 7 consecutive days.
What if I miss my menstrual period or if I think I am pregnant?
It is possible that you are pregnant if you miss your scheduled period (no bleeding on the 7 days that the vaginal system is out). Tell your health-care provider right away that you have missed your period. Also, tell your health-care provider if you have symptoms of pregnancy such as morning sickness or unusual breast tenderness. It is important that your health-care provider check you to find out if you are pregnant. You may need a pregnancy test to determine if you are pregnant. Do not remove the vaginal system until you are certain you are pregnant. Stop using Annovera™ if your health-care provider tells you that you are pregnant.
Annovera side effects
Annovera can cause serious side effects, including:
- See: Important information.
- blood clots. Like pregnancy, hormonal contraceptives increase the risk of serious blood clots, especially in women who have other risk factors, such as smoking, obesity, or age greater than 35. This increased risk is highest when you first start taking hormonal contraceptives and when you restart the same or different hormonal contraceptive after not using it for 4 weeks or more.
It is possible to die or be permanently disabled from a problem caused by a blood clot, such as a heart attack or a stroke. Some examples of serious blood clots are blood clots in the:
- legs (deep vein thrombosis)
- lungs (pulmonary embolus)
- eyes (loss of eyesight)
- heart (heart attack)
- brain (stroke)
- leg pain that does not go away
- sudden shortness of breath
- sudden changes in vision or blindness
- severe pain or pressure in your chest
- a sudden, severe headache unlike your usual headaches
- weakness or numbness in an arm or leg
- trouble speaking
- toxic shock syndrome (TSS). Some symptoms of TSS are the same as flu symptoms, but they can become serious very quickly. Call your health-care provider or get emergency medical care right away if you have the following symptoms:
- sudden high fever
- fainting or feeling faint when standing up
- a sunburn-like rash
- muscle aches
- liver problems, including liver tumors. Tell your health-care provider right away if you have yellowing of your skin or eyes (jaundice).
- high blood pressure.
- gallbladder problems or worsening of a gallbladder problem you already have. You may have an increased risk of gallbladder problems with the use of Annovera if you had gallbladder problems when you were pregnant.
- changes in the sugar and fat (cholesterol and triglycerides) levels in your blood.
- headache. Tell your health-care provider if you have new headaches that keep coming back, that do not go away, or are severe. Also tell your health-care provider if your migraine headaches happen more often or are more severe than normal.
- irregular or unusual vaginal bleeding and spotting between your menstrual periods, especially during the first month of using Annovera, or the absence of menstrual periods (amenorrhea).
- possible cancer in your cervix.
- swelling of your skin especially around your mouth, eyes, and in your throat (angioedema). Call your health-care provider or get emergency medical care right away if you have a swollen face, lips, mouth, tongue, or throat as this may lead to difficulty swallowing or breathing. Your risk of having angioedema is higher if you have a history of angioedema.
- dark patches of skin on your forehead, cheeks, upper lip, and chin (chloasma). Your risk of getting chloasma with the use of Annovera is higher if you had chloasma during pregnancy. Women who tend to get chloasma should avoid spending a long time in sunlight, tanning booths, and under sunlamps while using Annovera. Use sunscreen if you have to be in the sunlight.
The most common side effects of Annovera include:
- headache, including migraine
- vaginal yeast infection (candidiasis)
- lower/upper abdomen pain
- painful periods
- vaginal discharge
- urinary tract infection
- breast pain/tenderness
- irregular vaginal bleeding
- genital itching
This is not a complete list of possible side effects. Call your health-care provider for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.
No serious problems have been reported from a hormonal contraceptive overdose.
Do hormonal contraceptives cause cancer?
Hormonal contraceptives do not appear to cause breast cancer. However, if you have breast cancer now, or have had it in the past, do not use hormonal contraceptives because some breast cancers are sensitive to hormones.
Women who use hormonal contraceptives may have a slightly higher chance of getting cervical cancer. However, this may be due to other reasons such as having more sexual partners.
What should I know about my period when taking Annovera?
When you take Annovera you should expect to have regular 28-day cycles. Each period is likely to last about 5 days. You may have bleeding or spotting between your scheduled periods especially during the first cycle. This bleeding or spotting tends to decrease after the first cycle. Do not stop using Annovera because of this bleeding or spotting. If the spotting continues for more than 7 consecutive days or if the bleeding is unusually heavy, call your health-care provider.
Tell your health-care provider if you do not have your period.
What if I want to become pregnant?
You may stop using Annovera whenever you wish. Consider a visit with your health-care provider for a pre-pregnancy checkup before you stop using Annovera.
General information about the safe and effective use of Annovera.
Medicines are sometimes prescribed for purposes other than those listed in a Patient Information leaflet. Do not use Annovera for a condition for which it was not prescribed. Do not give it to other people, even if they have the same symptoms that you have. It may harm them. You can ask your health-care provider or pharmacist for information about Annovera that is written for health professionals.
What if I have other questions?
If you have concerns or questions, ask your health-care provider.
What are the ingredients in Annovera?
Active ingredients: segesterone acetate and ethinyl estradiol
Inactive ingredients: silicone elastomers, titanium dioxide, dibutyltin dilaurate, and silicone medical adhesive.
Always consult your healthcare provider to ensure the information displayed on this page applies to your personal circumstances.