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Premenstrual Syndrome

Medically reviewed by Last updated on Apr 2, 2024.

What is premenstrual syndrome (PMS)?

PMS is a group of physical, emotional, and mental changes that begin 1 to 2 weeks before your monthly periods.

What causes PMS?

Healthcare providers do not know for sure what causes PMS. The following may cause or increase your risk for PMS, or make it worse:

What are the signs and symptoms of PMS?

PMS symptoms may range from mild to severe. They usually go away within hours to days after your monthly period starts. You may have any of the following:

How is PMS diagnosed?

How is PMS treated?

You may not need any treatment for PMS. The following can help relieve your symptoms:

Treatment options

The following list of medications are related to or used in the treatment of this condition.

View more treatment options

What lifestyle changes may help relieve PMS?

Where can I find more information?

Call your local emergency number (911 in the US) if:

When should I call my doctor or gynecologist?

Care Agreement

You have the right to help plan your care. Learn about your health condition and how it may be treated. Discuss treatment options with your healthcare providers to decide what care you want to receive. You always have the right to refuse treatment. The above information is an educational aid only. It is not intended as medical advice for individual conditions or treatments. Talk to your doctor, nurse or pharmacist before following any medical regimen to see if it is safe and effective for you.

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Learn more about Premenstrual Syndrome

Treatment options

Symptoms and treatments

Further information

Always consult your healthcare provider to ensure the information displayed on this page applies to your personal circumstances.