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Prolia Side Effects

Generic Name: denosumab

Note: This document contains side effect information about denosumab. Some of the dosage forms listed on this page may not apply to the brand name Prolia.

For the Consumer

Applies to denosumab: subcutaneous solution

Along with its needed effects, denosumab (the active ingredient contained in Prolia) may cause some unwanted effects. Although not all of these side effects may occur, if they do occur they may need medical attention.

Check with your doctor or nurse immediately if any of the following side effects occur while taking denosumab:

More Common

  • Back pain
  • blistering, crusting, irritation, itching, or reddening of the skin
  • bloody or cloudy urine
  • cracked, dry, or scaly skin
  • difficult, burning, or painful urination
  • frequent urge to urinate
  • muscle or bone pain
  • pain in the arms or legs
  • rash
  • skin rash, encrusted, scaly, and oozing
  • swelling

Less Common

  • Arm or jaw pain
  • bloating or swelling of the face, arms, hands, lower legs, or feet
  • body aches or pain
  • chest pain or discomfort
  • chest tightness or heaviness
  • chills
  • confusion
  • congestion
  • cough
  • difficulty with breathing
  • difficulty with moving
  • dryness or soreness of the throat
  • ear congestion
  • fast or irregular heartbeat
  • fever
  • headache
  • hoarseness
  • joint pain
  • loss of voice
  • muscle cramps in the hands, arms, feet, legs, or face
  • muscle stiffness
  • numbness and tingling around the mouth, fingertips, hands, or feet
  • pain in the lower back, bottom, upper leg, or hips
  • painful blisters on the trunk of the body
  • pale skin
  • rapid weight gain
  • runny or stuffy nose
  • seizures
  • sneezing
  • stomach cramps
  • swollen joints
  • tender, swollen glands in the neck
  • tremor
  • trouble swallowing
  • troubled breathing with exertion
  • unusual bleeding or bruising
  • unusual tiredness or weakness
  • unusual weight gain or loss
  • voice changes

Rare

  • Blood in the stool
  • change in bowel habits
  • clear or bloody discharge from the nipple
  • constipation
  • darkened urine
  • difficulty with eating
  • dimpling of the breast skin
  • indigestion
  • inverted nipple
  • itching, pain, redness, swelling, tenderness, or warmth on the skin
  • loss of appetite
  • lower back or side pain
  • lump in the breast or under the arm
  • lump or swelling in the abdomen or stomach
  • nausea
  • pains in the stomach, side, or abdomen, possibly radiating to the back
  • persistent crusting or scaling of the nipple
  • raised, firm, and bright red patches of the skin on the arm or leg
  • redness or swelling of the breast
  • sore on the skin of the breast that does not heal
  • stomach discomfort
  • unexplained weight loss
  • vomiting
  • yellow eyes or skin

Incidence Not Known

  • Heavy feeling in the jaw
  • loose teeth
  • pain, swelling, or numbness in the mouth or jaw

Some side effects of denosumab may occur that usually do not need medical attention. These side effects may go away during treatment as your body adjusts to the medicine. Also, your health care professional may be able to tell you about ways to prevent or reduce some of these side effects. Check with your health care professional if any of the following side effects continue or are bothersome or if you have any questions about them:

Less Common

  • Dizziness or lightheadedness
  • excess air or gas in the stomach or bowels
  • feeling of constant movement of self or surroundings
  • feeling of fullness
  • heartburn
  • lack or loss of strength
  • passing gas
  • redness, pain, itching, burning, swelling, or a lump under your skin where the shot was given
  • sensation of spinning
  • trouble sleeping
  • upper abdominal or stomach pain

For Healthcare Professionals

Applies to denosumab: subcutaneous solution

Cardiovascular

Common (1% to 10%): Angina pectoris, atrial fibrillation[Ref]

Hypersensitivity

Postmarketing reports: Anaphylaxis, rash, urticaria, facial swelling, erythema[Ref]

Respiratory

Very common (10% or more): Dyspnea (21%), cough (15%)

Common (1% to 10%): Upper respiratory tract infection, pneumonia, pharyngitis, nasopharyngitis[Ref]

General

The most commonly reported side effects were asthenia, fatigue, back pain, hypophosphatemia, hypocalcemia, and nausea.[Ref]

Musculoskeletal

Very common (10% or more): Back pain (35%), arthralgia (14%), pain in extremity (12%)

Common (1% to 10%): Musculoskeletal pain, bone pain, myalgia, spinal osteoarthritis

Rare (less than 0.1%): Atypical femoral fractures

Frequency not reported: Osteonecrosis of the jaw, atypical subtrochanteric and diaphysealfemoral fractures[Ref]

Metabolic

Very common (10% or more): Hypophosphatemia (32%), hypocalcemia (including fatal cases) (18%)

Common (1% to 10%): Hypercholesterolemia[Ref]

Dermatologic

Very common (10% or more): Dermatitis (11%), eczema (11%), rash (11%)

Common (1% to 10%): Pruritus, hyperhidrosis

Uncommon (0.1% to 1%): Cellulitis[Ref]

Gastrointestinal

Very common (10% or more): Nausea (31%), diarrhea (20%)

Common (1% to 10%): Upper abdominal pain, flatulence, gastroesophageal reflux disease, constipation, abdominal discomfort, tooth extraction

Uncommon (0.1% to 1%): Pancreatitis, diverticulitis[Ref]

Nervous system

Very common (10% or more): Headache (13%)

Common (1% to 10%): Vertigo, sciatica[Ref]

Genitourinary

Common (1% to 10%): Urinary tract infections, cystitis[Ref]

Hematologic

Common (1% to 10%): Anemia[Ref]

Endocrine

Postmarketing reports: Marked elevation in serum PTH in patients with severe renal impairment (creatinine clearance less than 30 mL/min) or receiving dialysis[Ref]

Immunologic

Common (1% to 10%): Herpes zoster, serious infections (nonfatal cases)

Uncommon (0.1% to 1%): Serious Infections (fatal cases)[Ref]

Ocular

Common (1% to 10%): Cataracts[Ref]

Oncologic

Uncommon (0.1% to 1%): Basal cell carcinoma[Ref]

Other

Very common (10% or more): Asthenia (45%), fatigue (45%)

Common (1% to 10%): Peripheral edema

Uncommon (0.1% to 1%): Ear infection[Ref]

Psychiatric

Common (1% to 10%): Insomnia[Ref]

References

1. "Product Information. Prolia (denosumab)." Amgen USA, Thousand Oaks, CA.

2. Cerner Multum, Inc. "Australian Product Information." O 0

3. Cerner Multum, Inc. "UK Summary of Product Characteristics." O 0

4. "Product Information. Xgeva (denosumab)." Amgen USA, Thousand Oaks, CA.

Further information

Always consult your healthcare provider to ensure the information displayed on this page applies to your personal circumstances.

Some side effects may not be reported. You may report them to the FDA.

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