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Omadacycline

Class: Aminomethylcyclines
Chemical Name: (4S,4aS,5aR,12aS)-4,7-Bis(dimethylamino)-9-{[(2,2-dimethylpropyl)amino]methyl}-3,10,12,12a-tetrahydroxy-1,11-dioxo-1,4,4a,5,5a,6,11,12a-octahydrotetracene-2-carboxamide mono(4-methybenzenesulfonate)
Molecular Formula: C29H40N4O7•C7H8O3S
CAS Number: 1075240-43-5
Brands: Nuzyra

Medically reviewed by Drugs.com. Last updated on Feb 3, 2020.

Introduction

Antibacterial; aminomethylcycline; tetracycline.1 5 6 8 26

Uses for Omadacycline

Community-acquired Pneumonia

Treatment of community-acquired bacterial pneumonia (CABP) caused by Streptococcus pneumoniae, Staphylococcus aureus (methicillin-susceptible strains), Haemophilus influenzae, H. parainfluenzae, Klebsiella pneumoniae, Legionella pneumophila, Mycoplasma pneumoniae, and Chlamydophila pneumoniae (formerly Chlamydia pneumoniae).1 2

Skin and Skin-structure Infections

Treatment of acute bacterial skin and skin structure infections (ABSSSI) caused by S. aureus (including methicillin-resistant S. aureus [MRSA; also known as oxacillin-resistant S. aureus or ORSA] and methicillin-susceptible S. aureus), S. lugdunensis, S. pyogenes, S. anginosus group (S. anginosus, S. intermedius, S. constellatus), Enterococcus faecalis, Enterobacter cloacae, and K. pneumoniae.1 3 4

Omadacycline Dosage and Administration

Administration

Administer orally or by IV infusion.1

Oral Administration

Administer orally with water under fasting conditions.1 11

Fast for ≥4 hours prior to taking omadacycline tablets and do not consume food or drink (except water) for 2 hours after taking the drug.1

Do not consume dairy products, antacids, iron-containing preparations, or multivitamins for 4 hours after taking omadacycline tablets.1 11 24 (See Interactions.)

IV Administration

For solution and drug compatibility information, see Compatibility under Stability.

Must be reconstituted and further diluted prior to IV infusion.1

Infuse through dedicated IV line or Y-site.1 Do not infuse omadacycline solutions simultaneously through the same IV line with any solution containing multivalent cations (e.g., calcium, magnesium).1

Infusion using same IV line as other drugs not studied.1

If same IV line used for sequential infusion of several different drugs, flush IV line with 0.9% sodium chloride injection or 5% dextrose injection before and after infusion of omadacycline.1

Reconstitution

Reconstitute appropriate number of single-dose vials containing 100 mg of omadacycline by adding 5 mL of sterile water for injection, 0.9% sodium chloride injection, or 5% dextrose injection to each vial.1 Gently swirl vial and let stand until cake completely dissolves and any foam disperses;1 do not shake.1 If necessary, invert vial to dissolve any remaining powder; to avoid foaming, gently swirl vial.1

Reconstituted solutions should be yellow to dark orange;1 discard if not correct color.1

Dilution

To prepare a 100- or 200-mg dose, immediately (within 1 hour of reconstitution) withdraw 5 or 10 mL, respectively, of reconstituted solution and add to 100 mL of 0.9% sodium chloride injection or 5% dextrose injection.1 Final concentration of diluted solution will be 1 or 2 mg/mL for a 100- or 200-mg dose, respectively.1

Discard unused portions of reconstituted solution.1

If diluted solution stored under refrigeration (see Storage under Stability), allow it to reach room temperature prior to administration.1

Rate of Administration

Administer 100- or 200-mg doses by IV infusion over 30 or 60 minutes, respectively.1

Dosage

Available as omadacycline tosylate; dosage expressed in terms of omadacycline.1

Adults

Community-acquired Pneumonia
IV

Initial loading dosage of 200 mg on day 1 (single 200-mg dose given IV over 60 minutes or two 100-mg doses given IV over 30 minutes 12 hours apart) followed by maintenance dosage of 100 mg once daily given IV over 30 minutes.1

Total treatment duration is 7–14 days.1

IV, then Oral

Initial loading dosage of 200 mg on day 1 (single 200-mg dose given IV over 60 minutes or two 100-mg doses given IV over 30 minutes 12 hours apart) followed by maintenance dosage of 100 mg once daily given IV over 30 minutes.1

May switch maintenance therapy to omadacycline tablets given in a dosage of 300 mg orally once daily.1

Total treatment duration (IV and oral) is 7–14 days.1

Acute Skin and Skin Structure Infections
Oral

450 mg once daily on days 1 and 2 followed by 300 mg once daily.1

Total treatment duration is 7–14 days.1

IV

Initial loading dosage of 200 mg on day 1 (single 200-mg dose given IV over 60 minutes or two 100-mg doses given IV over 30 minutes 12 hours apart) followed by maintenance dosage of 100 mg once daily given IV over 30 minutes.1

Total treatment duration is 7–14 days.1

IV, then Oral

Initial loading dosage of 200 mg IV on day 1 (single 200-mg dose given IV over 60 minutes or two 100-mg doses given IV over 30 minutes 12 hours apart) followed by 100 mg once daily given IV over 30 minutes.1

May switch maintenance therapy to omadacycline tablets given in a dosage of 300 mg orally once daily.1

Total treatment duration (IV and oral) is 7–14 days.1

Special Populations

Hepatic Impairment

Dosage adjustments not needed in patients with hepatic impairment (Child-Pugh class A, B, or C).1

Renal Impairment

Dosage adjustments not needed in patients with renal impairment, including those with end-stage renal disease receiving dialysis.1 25

Geriatric Patients

Dosage adjustment based on age not needed.23

Cautions for Omadacycline

Contraindications

  • Known hypersensitivity to omadacycline, other tetracyclines, or any excipients in the preparation.1

Warnings/Precautions

Sensitivity Reactions

Hypersensitivity Reactions

Hypersensitivity reactions reported.1 Life-threatening hypersensitivity (anaphylactic) reactions reported with other tetracyclines.1 Because omadacycline is structurally similar to other tetracyclines, contraindicated in patients with known hypersensitivity to any tetracycline.1

Discontinue omadacycline if allergic reaction occurs.1

Increased Mortality

Mortality imbalance observed in clinical trial evaluating omadacycline in patients with community-acquired pneumonia.1 Deaths reported in more patients receiving omadacycline (2%) than in those receiving the comparator drug (1%).1 Cause of the difference in mortality rates not established.1 All deaths in both treatment groups occurred in patients >65 years of age and most patients had multiple comorbid conditions.1 Causes of death included complications of and/or worsening of the infection and underlying conditions.1

When omadacycline used for treatment of community-acquired pneumonia, closely monitor clinical response, particularly in those at higher risk of mortality.1

Tooth Discoloration and Enamel Hypoplasia

Use of tetracyclines, including omadacycline, during tooth development (i.e., last half of pregnancy, infancy, childhood up to 8 years of age) may cause permanent discoloration of the teeth (yellow-gray-brown).1 Tooth discoloration more common during long-term use of tetracyclines, but also observed following repeated short-term use.1 Enamel hypoplasia also reported with tetracyclines.1

Inhibition of Bone Growth

Use of tetracyclines, including omadacycline, during second or third trimester of pregnancy, infancy, or childhood up to 8 years of age may cause reversible inhibition of bone growth.1 Tetracyclines form a stable calcium complex in any bone-forming tissue.1 Decreased fibula growth rate observed in premature infants receiving oral tetracycline;1 this effect was reversible when the drug was discontinued.1

Tetracycline-class Effects

Because omadacycline is structurally similar to conventional tetracyclines, adverse effects reported with tetracyclines (e.g., photosensitivity, pseudotumor cerebri, anti-anabolic action leading to increased BUN, azotemia, acidosis, hyperphosphatemia, pancreatitis, abnormal liver function tests) may occur.1 Discontinue omadacycline if any of these adverse effects are suspected.1

C. difficile-associated Diarrhea and Colitis

Treatment with anti-infectives alters normal colon flora and may permit overgrowth of Clostridioides difficile (formerly Clostridium difficile).1 12 14 15 C. difficile infection (CDI) and C. difficile-associated diarrhea and colitis (CDAD; also known as antibiotic-associated diarrhea and colitis or pseudomembranous colitis) reported with nearly all anti-infectives, including omadacycline, and may range in severity from mild diarrhea to fatal colitis.1 12 14 15 C. difficile produces toxins A and B which contribute to development of CDAD;1 12 14 15 hypertoxin-producing strains of C. difficile are associated with increased morbidity and mortality since they may be refractory to anti-infectives and colectomy may be required.1

Consider CDAD if diarrhea develops during or after therapy and manage accordingly.1 Obtain careful medical history since CDAD may occur as late as ≥2 months after anti-infective therapy is discontinued.1

If CDAD suspected or confirmed, discontinue anti-infectives not directed against C. difficile as soon as possible.1 12 Initiate appropriate anti-infective therapy directed against C. difficile (e.g., vancomycin, fidaxomicin, metronidazole), supportive therapy (e.g., fluid and electrolyte management, protein supplementation), and surgical evaluation as clinically indicated.1 12 14 15

Selection and Use of Anti-infectives

To reduce development of drug-resistant bacteria and maintain effectiveness of omadacycline and other antibacterials, use only for treatment of infections proven or strongly suspected to be caused by susceptible bacteria.1 Prescribing omadacycline in absence of proven or strongly suspected bacterial infection unlikely to provide benefit to the patient and increases risk of development of drug-resistant bacteria.1

When selecting or modifying anti-infective therapy, use results of culture and in vitro susceptibility testing.1 In the absence of such data, consider local epidemiology and susceptibility patterns when selecting anti-infectives for empiric therapy.1

Information on test methods and quality control standards for in vitro susceptibility testing of antibacterial agents and specific interpretive criteria for such testing recognized by FDA is available at [Web].1

Specific Populations

Pregnancy

The manufacturer recommends that women of childbearing potential use an effective form of contraception while receiving omadacycline.1

Omadacycline, like other tetracyclines, may cause permanent discoloration of deciduous teeth and reversible inhibition of bone growth if administered during second or third trimester of pregnancy.1 (See Tooth Discoloration and Enamel Hypoplasia and see Inhibition of Bone Growth under Cautions.)

Insufficient data on use of omadacycline in pregnant women to inform a drug-associated risk of major birth defects and miscarriages.1

In animals, tetracyclines cross the placenta, are found in fetal tissues, and may have toxic effects on the developing fetus (e.g., retardation of skeletal development).1 Evidence of embryotoxicity also noted in animals that received tetracyclines early in pregnancy.1

In rats and rabbits, use of omadacycline during organogenesis resulted in fetal loss and/or congenital malformations.1 Tooth discoloration observed in rats.1

Advise patients of potential risks to the fetus if omadacycline is used during second or third trimester of pregnancy.1 (See Advice to Patients.)

Lactation

Not known if omadacycline distributes into human milk, affects breast-fed infant, or affects milk production.1

Tetracyclines distribute into human milk;1 however, extent of absorption of tetracyclines, including omadacycline, by breast-fed infants not known.1

Because other antibacterial options are available to treat community-acquired pneumonia and skin and skin structure infections in lactating women and because of the potential for serious adverse effects in the breast-fed infant (see Tooth Discoloration and Enamel Hypoplasia and see Inhibition of Bone Growth under Cautions), breast-feeding not recommended during omadacycline treatment and for 4 days after last dose of the drug.1

Fertility

Although human data not available, animal studies indicate omadacycline can affect fertility.1

In fertility studies in male rats, omadacycline caused injury to the testis and reduced sperm counts and sperm motility, but had no effect on fertility parameters.1 In general toxicity studies in rats, inhibition of spermatogenesis occurred when omadacycline given for ≥37 days at doses resulting in exposures 6–8 times higher than human exposures; such effects did not occur with lower doses or shorter treatment periods (≤4 weeks).1

In fertility studies in female rats, reduced ovulation and increased embryonic loss reported at exposures similar to human exposures.1

Pediatric Use

Safety and efficacy not established in pediatric patients <18 years of age.1

Use in pediatric patients <8 years of age not recommended because of adverse effects of tetracyclines on tooth development and bone growth.1 (See Tooth Discoloration and Enamel Hypoplasia and see Inhibition of Bone Growth under Cautions.)

Geriatric Use

In one study in adults with community-acquired pneumonia, clinical success rate was lower in patients ≥65 years of age than in those <65 years of age;1 all deaths in this study occurred in patients >65 years of age.1 (See Increased Mortality under Cautions.)

Hepatic Impairment

Pharmacokinetics in individuals with mild, moderate, or severe hepatic impairment (Child-Pugh class A, B, or C) similar to those in healthy individuals. 1

Dosage adjustments not needed in patients with mild, moderate, or severe hepatic impairment.1

Renal Impairment

Pharmacokinetics in adults with end-stage renal disease receiving hemodialysis similar to those observed in healthy individuals.1 25

Dosage adjustments not needed in patients with mild, moderate, or severe renal impairment, including those with end-stage renal disease receiving hemodialysis.1

Common Adverse Effects

Infusion site reactions,1 3 increased AST and ALT,1 2 3 increased γ-glutamyltransferase (GGT, γ-glutamyltranspeptidase, GGTP),1 2 hypertension,1 2 insomnia,1 2 GI effects (diarrhea,1 2 3 vomiting,1 2 3 constipation,1 2 nausea1 2 3 ), headache.1 2 3

Interactions for Omadacycline

Drugs Metabolized by Hepatic Microsomal Enzymes

Does not inhibit or induce CYP isoenzymes 1A1, 1A2, 2A6, 2B6, 2C8, 2C9, 2C19, 2D6, or 3A4/5.1 13

Not expected to affect pharmacokinetics of drugs metabolized by CYP isoenzymes.1

Drugs Metabolized by Uridine Diphosphate-glucuronosyltransferase 1A1

Does not inhibit or induce UGT1A1.1 13

Not expected to affect pharmacokinetics of drugs metabolized by UGT1A1.1

Drugs Affecting or Affected by Membrane Transporters

Low-affinity substrate of P-glycoprotein (P-gp) transport system.1 13

Not a substrate of breast cancer resistance protein (BCRP), organic anion transporter (OAT) 1, OAT3, or multidrug resistance-associated protein (MRP) 2.1 13 At supratherapeutic concentrations, not a substrate of organic anion transporting polypeptide (OATP) 1B1 or 1B3.1 13

Does not inhibit P-gp, BCRP, OATP1B1, OATP1B3, OAT1, OAT3, or MRP2.1 13 Not likely to induce P-gp or MRP2 expression.13

Specific Drugs

Drug

Interaction

Comments

Antacids (aluminum-, calcium-, or magnesium-containing)

Impaired absorption of oral omadacycline1

Do not administer antacids until 4 hours after omadacycline tablets1

Antibacterials (ampicillin, ceftazidime, ceftriaxone, daptomycin, gentamicin, imipenem, linezolid, fixed combination of piperacillin and tazobactam, vancomycin)

No in vitro evidence of antagonistic antibacterial effects1

Anticoagulants

Tetracyclines decrease plasma prothrombin activity1

Decreased anticoagulant dosage may be required1

Bismuth subsalicylate

Impaired absorption of oral omadacycline1

Do not administer bismuth subsalicylate until 4 hours after omadacycline tablets1

Iron preparations

Impaired absorption of oral omadacycline1

Do not administer iron preparations until 4 hours after omadacycline tablets1 24

Multivitamins

Impaired absorption of oral omadacycline1

Do not administer multivitamins until 4 hours after omadacycline tablets1

Verapamil

Increased omadacycline AUC and peak plasma concentrations reported when oral verapamil (P-gp inhibitor) given 2 hours before oral omadacycline1

Omadacycline Pharmacokinetics

Absorption

Bioavailability

Following oral administration, absolute bioavailability approximately 35%.1 9 13 23

Systemic exposure similar following 300-mg oral dose (given in fasted state) or 100-mg IV dose in healthy individuals.1 9 23

Food

Single 300-mg oral dose 2 hours after a high-fat nondairy meal or high-fat dairy-containing meal decreased peak plasma concentrations by 40 or 59%, respectively, and decreased AUC by 42 or 63%, respectively, compared with administration in fasted state.1 11

No effect on oral absorption when administered 4 hours after a high-fat nondairy meal.1

No effect on peak plasma concentrations or AUC observed when given orally 2 hours before light non-fat meal, standard low-fat meal, or standard high-fat meal compared with administration in fasted state.1

Plasma Concentrations

Peak plasma concentrations achieved approximately 2.5 hours after oral doses or at end of a 30-minute IV infusion.1 7 13

Peak plasma concentrations and AUC increase in a dose-proportional manner following single 300- and 450-mg oral doses.1 9

Steady-state concentrations achieved within 5 days;7 accumulation ratio is 1.5.1 7 23

Special Populations

Mild, moderate, or severe hepatic impairment (Child-Pugh class A, B, or C): Systemic exposures, peak plasma concentrations, and clearance similar to those observed in healthy individuals. 1 No effect on elimination.1

End-stage renal disease receiving hemodialysis: Systemic exposures, peak plasma concentrations, and clearance similar to those observed in healthy individuals.1 25 No effect on elimination.1

Geriatric individuals: Following single 100-mg IV dose, systemic exposures similar to those observed in younger adults.1 23

Distribution

Extent

Distributed into alveolar cells and epithelial lining fluid at concentrations exceeding those in plasma by 25.8- and 1.5-fold, respectively.1 10

Plasma Protein Binding

20%.1

Elimination

Metabolism

Not metabolized.1 13

Elimination Route

Following a single 300-mg oral dose, eliminated in feces (78–84%) and urine (approximately 14%) as unchanged drug.1 13

Following a single 100-mg IV dose, 27% eliminated in urine as unchanged drug.1

Approximately 8% of a dose removed by dialysis.1

Half-life

Single 300-mg oral dose: 15 hours.1

Single 450-mg oral dose: 13.5 hours.1

Single 100-mg IV dose: 16.2 hours.1

Stability

Storage

Oral

Tablets

20–25°C (may be exposed to 15–30°C).1

Parenteral

Powder for Injection

Single-dose vials: 20–25°C (may be exposed to 15–30°C).1

Following reconstitution and dilution, use within 12 hours if stored at room temperature (not exceeding 25°C) or within 7 days if stored under refrigeration (2–8°C).1 Do not freeze.1

Compatibility

For information on systemic interactions resulting from concomitant use, see Interactions.

Parenteral

Solution Compatibility1

Compatible

Dextrose 5%

Sodium chloride 0.9%

Actions and Spectrum

  • Aminomethylcycline; semisynthetic tetracycline derived from minocycline.1 5 6 8

  • Like other tetracyclines, omadacycline inhibits bacterial protein synthesis in susceptible organisms by binding to the 30S ribosomal subunit, which prevents incorporation of amino acid residues into peptide chains.1 5 6 8

  • Usually bacteriostatic;1 8 bactericidal activity observed against some isolates of S. pneumoniae and H. influenzae.1 8

  • Has expanded spectrum of activity compared with conventional tetracyclines (doxycycline, minocycline, tetracycline) because of certain structural differences (e.g., aminomethyl group at C-9 of tetracycline core D-ring) that result in activity against some bacteria that possess certain tetracycline-specific resistance mechanisms that can inactivate conventional tetracyclines.5 6 8 16 21 23

  • Gram-positive aerobic bacteria: Active in vitro and in clinical community-acquired pneumonia infections against S. pneumoniae1 16 and methicillin-susceptible S. aureus.1 16 23 Also active in vitro and in clinical skin and skin structure infections against E. faecalis,1 16 S. aureus (methicillin-resistant and methicillin-susceptible strains),1 16 23 S. lugdunensis,1 S. anginosus group (S. anginosus, S. intermedius, S. constellatus),1 and S. pyogenes.1 16 Although clinical importance not known,1 active in vitro against E. faecium (vancomycin-susceptible and -resistant isolates),1 16 S. pseudintermedius,22 S. agalactiae,1 16 Bacillus anthracis,18 and Pasteurella canis;22 efficacy for treatment of clinical infections caused by these gram-positive bacteria not established.1

  • Gram-negative aerobes: Active in vitro and in clinical community-acquired pneumonia infections against H. influenzae,1 16 23 H. parainfluenzae,1 and K. pneumoniae.1 Also active in vitro and in clinical skin and skin structure infections against E. cloacae1 23 and K. pneumoniae.1 16 Although clinical importance not known,1 active in vitro against Citrobacter freundii,1 C. koseri,1 E. aerogenes,1 23 Escherichia coli,1 16 23 K. oxytoca,1 Moraxella catarrhalis,1 23 Serratia marcescens,23 Salmonella,23 Shigella,23 Stenotrophomonas maltophilia,23 Bergeyella zoohelcum,22 Neisseria weaveri,22 N. zoodegmatis,22 and Yersinia pestis;18 efficacy for treatment of clinical infections caused by these gram-negative bacteria not established.1

  • Anaerobic bacteria: Although clinical importance not known, active in vitro against some gram-positive anaerobic bacteria, including C. perfringens23 and Peptostreptococcus,17 and some gram-negative anaerobic bacteria, including Bacteroides (B. fragilis,17 23 B. thetaiotaomicron,17 B. vulgatus,17 B. ovatus,17 B. pyogenes22 ), Fusobacterium,22 Pasteurella multocida,22 Prevotella asaccharolytica,17 P. heparinolytica,22 and Porphyromonas.22

  • Other bacteria: Active in vitro and in clinical community-acquired pneumonia infections against C. pneumoniae (formerly Chlamydia pneumoniae),1 20 L. pneumophila,1 23 and M. pneumoniae.1 19

  • Not active in vitro against Pseudomonas, Proteus, Providencia, or Morganella.23

  • Resistance to tetracyclines usually occurs as the result of tetracycline-specific resistance mechanisms such as efflux pumps, ribosomal protection proteins (RPPs), tetracycline degradation, and mutations in the rRNA target.6 8

  • Omadacycline not affected by common tetracycline-specific resistance mechanisms such as efflux pumps (e.g., tet[B], tet[K], tet[L]) and RPPs (e.g., tet[M], tet[O], tet[S]).1 5 6 8 16 19 21 23 However, resistance to omadacycline reported in some bacteria (e.g., E. coli) with tetracycline-specific mutations in 16S rRNA.6

  • Active against many tetracycline-resistant strains of S. aureus, E. faecalis, and S. pneumoniae.23 Also has been active in vitro against S. aureus, S. pneumoniae, and H. influenzae strains with macrolide resistance genes (ermA, B, and/or C) or ciprofloxacin resistance genes (gyrA, parC) and against β-lactamase-producing H. influenzae.1

Advice to Patients

  • Advise patients that antibacterials, including omadacycline, should only be used to treat bacterial infections and not used to treat viral infections (e.g., the common cold).1

  • Importance of completing the full course of therapy, even if feeling better after a few days.1

  • Advise patients that skipping doses or not completing the full course of therapy may decrease effectiveness and increase the likelihood that bacteria will develop resistance and will not be treatable with omadacycline or other antibacterials in the future.1

  • Instruct patients to fast for 4 hours before and 2 hours after taking omadacycline tablets;1 advise patients not to consume dairy products, antacids, iron-containing preparations, or multivitamins until 4 hours after taking omadacycline tablets.1 24

  • Advise patients that allergic reactions, including serious allergic reactions, could occur and that serious reactions require immediate treatment.1 Inquire about any previous hypersensitivity reactions to omadacycline or other tetracyclines.1

  • Advise patients that nausea and vomiting can occur with omadacycline therapy and that these adverse GI effects have been reported most frequently with the initial oral loading dosage of omadacycline used for treatment of acute bacterial skin and skin structure infection.1

  • Advise patients that diarrhea is a common problem caused by anti-infectives and usually ends when the drug is discontinued.1 Importance of contacting a clinician if watery and bloody stools (with or without stomach cramps and fever) occur during or as late as 2 months or longer after the last dose.1

  • Advise patients that omadacycline is similar to other tetracyclines and may have similar adverse effects.1

  • Importance of women informing their clinician if they are or plan to become pregnant.1 Advise patients that omadacycline, like other tetracyclines, may cause permanent tooth discoloration of deciduous teeth and reversible inhibition of bone growth if administered during the second or third trimester of pregnancy.1

  • Importance of women informing their clinician if they plan to breast-feed.1 Advise women not to breast-feed during omadacycline treatment and for 4 days after the last dose of the drug.1

  • Importance of informing clinicians of existing or contemplated concomitant therapy, including prescription and OTC drugs and dietary or herbal supplements, as well as any concomitant illnesses.1

  • Importance of informing patients of other important precautionary information.1 (See Cautions.)

Preparations

Excipients in commercially available drug preparations may have clinically important effects in some individuals; consult specific product labeling for details.

Please refer to the ASHP Drug Shortages Resource Center for information on shortages of one or more of these preparations.

Omadacycline Tosylate

Routes

Dosage Forms

Strengths

Brand Names

Manufacturer

Oral

Tablets, film-coated

150 mg (of omadacycline)

Nuzyra

Paratek

Parenteral

For injection, for IV infusion

100 mg (of omadacycline)

Nuzyra

Paratek

AHFS DI Essentials™. © Copyright 2021, Selected Revisions February 3, 2020. American Society of Health-System Pharmacists, Inc., 4500 East-West Highway, Suite 900, Bethesda, Maryland 20814.

References

1. Paratek Pharmaceuticals. Nuzyra (omadacycline) for injection and tablets prescribing information. Boston, MA; 2019 Jun.

2. Stets R, Popescu M, Gonong JR et al. Omadacycline for Community-Acquired Bacterial Pneumonia. N Engl J Med. 2019; 380:517-527. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30726692?dopt=AbstractPlus

3. O'Riordan W, Green S, Overcash JS et al. Omadacycline for Acute Bacterial Skin and Skin-Structure Infections. N Engl J Med. 2019; 380:528-538. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30726689?dopt=AbstractPlus

4. O'Riordan W, Cardenas C, Shin E et al. Once-daily oral omadacycline versus twice-daily oral linezolid for acute bacterial skin and skin structure infections (OASIS-2): a phase 3, double-blind, multicentre, randomised, controlled, non-inferiority trial. Lancet Infect Dis. 2019; 19:1080-1090. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/31474458?dopt=AbstractPlus

5. Honeyman L, Ismail M, Nelson ML et al. Structure-activity relationship of the aminomethylcyclines and the discovery of omadacycline. Antimicrob Agents Chemother. 2015; 59:7044-53. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26349824?dopt=AbstractPlus

6. Heidrich CG, Mitova S, Schedlbauer A et al. The Novel Aminomethylcycline Omadacycline Has High Specificity for the Primary Tetracycline-Binding Site on the Bacterial Ribosome. Antibiotics (Basel). 2016; 5 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27669321?dopt=AbstractPlus

7. Bundrant LA, Tzanis E, Garrity-Ryan L et al. Safety and Pharmacokinetics of the Aminomethylcycline Antibiotic Omadacycline Administered to Healthy Subjects in Oral Multiple-Dose Regimens. Antimicrob Agents Chemother. 2018; 62 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/29180524?dopt=AbstractPlus

8. Tanaka SK, Steenbergen J, Villano S. Discovery, pharmacology, and clinical profile of omadacycline, a novel aminomethylcycline antibiotic. Bioorg Med Chem. 2016; 24:6409-6419. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27469981?dopt=AbstractPlus

9. Sun H, Ting L, Machineni S et al. Randomized, Open-Label Study of the Pharmacokinetics and Safety of Oral and Intravenous Administration of Omadacycline to Healthy Subjects. Antimicrob Agents Chemother. 2016; 60:7431-7435. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27736760?dopt=AbstractPlus

10. Gotfried MH, Horn K, Garrity-Ryan L et al. Comparison of Omadacycline and Tigecycline Pharmacokinetics in the Plasma, Epithelial Lining Fluid, and Alveolar Cells of Healthy Adult Subjects. Antimicrob Agents Chemother. 2017; 61 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28696233?dopt=AbstractPlus

11. Tzanis E, Manley A, Villano S et al. Effect of Food on the Bioavailability of Omadacycline in Healthy Participants. J Clin Pharmacol. 2017; 57:321-327. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27539539?dopt=AbstractPlus

12. McDonald LC, Gerding DN, Johnson S et al. Clinical Practice Guidelines for Clostridium difficile Infection in Adults and Children: 2017 Update by the Infectious Diseases Society of America (IDSA) and Society for Healthcare Epidemiology of America (SHEA). Clin Infect Dis. 2018; 66:987-994. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/29562266?dopt=AbstractPlus

13. Flarakos J, Du Y, Gu H et al. Clinical disposition, metabolism and in vitro drug-drug interaction properties of omadacycline. Xenobiotica. 2017; 47:682-696. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27499331?dopt=AbstractPlus

14. Surawicz CM, Brandt LJ, Binion DG et al. Guidelines for diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of Clostridium difficile infections. Am J Gastroenterol. 2013; 108:478-98; quiz 499. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23439232?dopt=AbstractPlus

15. Debast SB, Bauer MP, Kuijper EJ et al. European Society of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases: update of the treatment guidance document for Clostridium difficile infection. Clin Microbiol Infect. 2014; 20 Suppl 2:1-26. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24118601?dopt=AbstractPlus

16. Macone AB, Caruso BK, Leahy RG et al. In vitro and in vivo antibacterial activities of omadacycline, a novel aminomethylcycline. Antimicrob Agents Chemother. 2014; 58:1127-35. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24295985?dopt=AbstractPlus

17. Stapert L, Wolfe C, Shinabarger D et al. In Vitro Activities of Omadacycline and Comparators against Anaerobic Bacteria. Antimicrob Agents Chemother. 2018; 62 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/29439961?dopt=AbstractPlus

18. Steenbergen J, Tanaka SK, Miller LL et al. In Vitro and In Vivo Activity of Omadacycline against Two Biothreat Pathogens, Bacillus anthracis and Yersinia pestis. Antimicrob Agents Chemother. 2017; 61 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28223382?dopt=AbstractPlus

19. Waites KB, Crabb DM, Liu Y et al. In Vitro Activities of Omadacycline (PTK 0796) and Other Antimicrobial Agents against Human Mycoplasmas and Ureaplasmas. Antimicrob Agents Chemother. 2016; 60:7502-7504. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27671057?dopt=AbstractPlus

20. Kohlhoff SA, Huerta N, Hammerschlag MR. In Vitro Activity of Omadacycline against Chlamydia pneumoniae. Antimicrob Agents Chemother. 2019; 63 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30509942?dopt=AbstractPlus

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24. Paratek Pharmaceuticals, Boston, MA: Personal communication

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26. Mouton JW, Nabuurs-Franssen MH. Omadacycline. In: Grayson ML, ed. Kucers' the use of antibiotics: a clinical review of antibacterial, antifungal, antiparasitic, and antiviral drugs. 7th ed. Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press; 2018:1267-72.

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