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Zaleplon

Generic Name: Zaleplon (ZAL e plon)
Brand Name: Sonata

Medically reviewed on Sep 5, 2018

Uses of Zaleplon:

  • It is used to treat sleep problems.

What do I need to tell my doctor BEFORE I take Zaleplon?

  • If you have an allergy to zaleplon or any other part of zaleplon.
  • If you are allergic to any drugs like this one, any other drugs, foods, or other substances. Tell your doctor about the allergy and what signs you had, like rash; hives; itching; shortness of breath; wheezing; cough; swelling of face, lips, tongue, or throat; or any other signs.
  • If you have liver disease.
  • If you are pregnant or may be pregnant. Do not take zaleplon if you are pregnant.
  • If you are breast-feeding. Do not breast-feed while you take zaleplon.
  • If the patient is a child. Do not give zaleplon to a child.

This is not a list of all drugs or health problems that interact with zaleplon.

Tell your doctor and pharmacist about all of your drugs (prescription or OTC, natural products, vitamins) and health problems. You must check to make sure that it is safe for you to take zaleplon with all of your drugs and health problems. Do not start, stop, or change the dose of any drug without checking with your doctor.

What are some things I need to know or do while I take Zaleplon?

  • Tell all of your health care providers that you take zaleplon. This includes your doctors, nurses, pharmacists, and dentists.
  • Avoid driving and doing other tasks or actions that call for you to be alert after you take zaleplon. You may still feel sleepy the day after you take zaleplon. Avoid these tasks or actions until you feel fully awake.
  • If you are allergic to tartrazine, talk with your doctor. Some products have tartrazine.
  • This medicine may be habit-forming with long-term use.
  • When sleep drugs are used nightly for more than a few weeks, they may not work as well to help sleep problems. This is known as tolerance. Only use sleep drugs for a short time. If sleep problems last, call the doctor.
  • If you have been taking zaleplon on a regular basis and you stop it all of a sudden, you may have signs of withdrawal. Do not stop taking zaleplon all of a sudden without calling your doctor. Tell your doctor if you have any bad effects.
  • Avoid drinking alcohol while taking zaleplon.
  • Talk with your doctor before you use other drugs and natural products that slow your actions.
  • Some people have done certain tasks or actions while they were not fully awake like driving, making and eating food, and having sex. Most of the time, people do not remember doing these things. Tell your doctor if this happens to you.
  • A very bad reaction called angioedema has happened with zaleplon. Sometimes, this may be life-threatening. Signs may include swelling of the hands, face, lips, eyes, tongue, or throat; trouble breathing; trouble swallowing; or unusual hoarseness. Get medical help right away if you have any of these signs.
  • If you are 65 or older, use zaleplon with care. You could have more side effects.

How is this medicine (Zaleplon) best taken?

Use zaleplon as ordered by your doctor. Read all information given to you. Follow all instructions closely.

  • Take zaleplon either right before bedtime or after you have already gone to bed and are having trouble falling asleep.
  • Do not take with or right after a meal.
  • Do not take zaleplon unless you can get a full night's sleep (at least 7 to 8 hours) before you need to be active again.
  • If you still have trouble sleeping after 7 to 10 days, call your doctor.

What do I do if I miss a dose?

  • If you take zaleplon on a regular basis, take a missed dose as soon as you think about it.
  • If you will not be able to get a full night's sleep (at least 7 hours) after taking the missed dose, skip the missed dose and go back to your normal time.
  • Do not take 2 doses at the same time or extra doses.
  • Do not take more than 1 dose of zaleplon in the same day.
  • Many times zaleplon is taken on an as needed basis. Do not take more often than told by the doctor.

What are some side effects that I need to call my doctor about right away?

WARNING/CAUTION: Even though it may be rare, some people may have very bad and sometimes deadly side effects when taking a drug. Tell your doctor or get medical help right away if you have any of the following signs or symptoms that may be related to a very bad side effect:

  • Signs of an allergic reaction, like rash; hives; itching; red, swollen, blistered, or peeling skin with or without fever; wheezing; tightness in the chest or throat; trouble breathing, swallowing, or talking; unusual hoarseness; or swelling of the mouth, face, lips, tongue, or throat.
  • Signs of low mood (depression), thoughts of killing yourself, nervousness, emotional ups and downs, thinking that is not normal, anxiety, or lack of interest in life.
  • Feeling confused.
  • Hallucinations (seeing or hearing things that are not there).
  • Memory problems or loss.
  • Change in the way you act.
  • Feeling agitated.
  • Change in balance.
  • Feeling very tired or weak.
  • Numbness or tingling.

What are some other side effects of Zaleplon?

All drugs may cause side effects. However, many people have no side effects or only have minor side effects. Call your doctor or get medical help if any of these side effects or any other side effects bother you or do not go away:

These are not all of the side effects that may occur. If you have questions about side effects, call your doctor. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects.

You may report side effects to the FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088. You may also report side effects at http://www.fda.gov/medwatch.

If OVERDOSE is suspected:

If you think there has been an overdose, call your poison control center or get medical care right away. Be ready to tell or show what was taken, how much, and when it happened.

How do I store and/or throw out Zaleplon?

  • Store at room temperature.
  • Protect from light.
  • Store in a dry place. Do not store in a bathroom.
  • Keep all drugs in a safe place. Keep all drugs out of the reach of children and pets.
  • Throw away unused or expired drugs. Do not flush down a toilet or pour down a drain unless you are told to do so. Check with your pharmacist if you have questions about the best way to throw out drugs. There may be drug take-back programs in your area.

Consumer information use

  • If your symptoms or health problems do not get better or if they become worse, call your doctor.
  • Do not share your drugs with others and do not take anyone else's drugs.
  • Keep a list of all your drugs (prescription, natural products, vitamins, OTC) with you. Give this list to your doctor.
  • Talk with the doctor before starting any new drug, including prescription or OTC, natural products, or vitamins.
  • This medicine comes with an extra patient fact sheet called a Medication Guide. Read it with care. Read it again each time zaleplon is refilled. If you have any questions about zaleplon, please talk with the doctor, pharmacist, or other health care provider.
  • If you think there has been an overdose, call your poison control center or get medical care right away. Be ready to tell or show what was taken, how much, and when it happened.

Further information

Always consult your healthcare provider to ensure the information displayed on this page applies to your personal circumstances.

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