Generic Name: Zaleplon (ZAL e plon)
Brand Name: Sonata
Medically reviewed by Drugs.com. Last updated on Sep 5, 2020.
- Some people taking Sonata (zaleplon) have done things like sleepwalking, sleep driving, making and eating food, having sex, or other actions while not fully awake. Rarely, this has led to severe injuries or death. Most of the time people do not remember doing these things. If this happens, stop taking Sonata (zaleplon) and tell your doctor right away.
Uses of Sonata:
- It is used to treat sleep problems.
What do I need to tell my doctor BEFORE I take Sonata?
- If you have an allergy to zaleplon or any other part of Sonata (zaleplon).
- If you are allergic to Sonata (zaleplon); any part of Sonata (zaleplon); or any other drugs, foods, or substances. Tell your doctor about the allergy and what signs you had.
- If you have liver disease.
- If you are taking any other drugs that can make you sleepy. There are many drugs that can do this. Ask your doctor or pharmacist if you are not sure.
- If you have taken Sonata (zaleplon) or a drug like this one in the past and have done any tasks or actions while not fully awake.
- If you are pregnant or may be pregnant. Do not take Sonata (zaleplon) if you are pregnant.
- If you are breast-feeding. Do not breast-feed while you take Sonata (zaleplon).
- If the patient is a child. Do not give Sonata (zaleplon) to a child.
This is not a list of all drugs or health problems that interact with Sonata (zaleplon).
Tell your doctor and pharmacist about all of your drugs (prescription or OTC, natural products, vitamins) and health problems. You must check to make sure that it is safe for you to take Sonata (zaleplon) with all of your drugs and health problems. Do not start, stop, or change the dose of any drug without checking with your doctor.
What are some things I need to know or do while I take Sonata?
- Tell all of your health care providers that you take Sonata (zaleplon). This includes your doctors, nurses, pharmacists, and dentists.
- Avoid driving and doing other tasks or actions that call for you to be alert after you take Sonata (zaleplon). You may still feel sleepy the day after you take Sonata (zaleplon). Avoid these tasks or actions until you feel fully awake.
- If you are allergic to tartrazine, talk with your doctor. Some products have tartrazine.
- This medicine may be habit-forming with long-term use.
- When sleep drugs are used nightly for more than a few weeks, they may not work as well to help sleep problems. This is known as tolerance. Only use sleep drugs for a short time. If sleep problems last, call the doctor.
- If you have been taking Sonata (zaleplon) on a regular basis and you stop it all of a sudden, you may have signs of withdrawal. Do not stop taking Sonata (zaleplon) all of a sudden without calling your doctor. Tell your doctor if you have any bad effects.
- Avoid drinking alcohol while taking Sonata (zaleplon).
- Talk with your doctor before you use other drugs and natural products that slow your actions.
- A very bad reaction called angioedema has happened with Sonata (zaleplon). Sometimes, this may be life-threatening. Signs may include swelling of the hands, face, lips, eyes, tongue, or throat; trouble breathing; trouble swallowing; or unusual hoarseness. Get medical help right away if you have any of these signs.
- This medicine may make you feel sleepy and less alert. This may lead to falling. The chance of falling is higher in older people. If you have questions, talk with the doctor.
- If you are 65 or older, use Sonata (zaleplon) with care. You could have more side effects.
How is this medicine (Sonata) best taken?
Use Sonata (zaleplon) as ordered by your doctor. Read all information given to you. Follow all instructions closely.
- Take Sonata (zaleplon) either right before bedtime or after you have already gone to bed and are having trouble falling asleep.
- Do not take with or right after a meal.
- Do not take Sonata (zaleplon) unless you can get a full night's sleep (at least 7 to 8 hours) before you need to be active again.
- If you still have trouble sleeping after 7 to 10 days, call your doctor.
What do I do if I miss a dose?
- If you take Sonata (zaleplon) on a regular basis, take a missed dose as soon as you think about it.
- If you will not be able to get a full night's sleep (at least 7 hours) after taking the missed dose, skip the missed dose and go back to your normal time.
- Do not take 2 doses at the same time or extra doses.
- Do not take more than 1 dose of Sonata (zaleplon) in the same day.
- Many times Sonata (zaleplon) is taken on an as needed basis. Do not take more often than told by the doctor.
What are some side effects that I need to call my doctor about right away?
WARNING/CAUTION: Even though it may be rare, some people may have very bad and sometimes deadly side effects when taking a drug. Tell your doctor or get medical help right away if you have any of the following signs or symptoms that may be related to a very bad side effect:
- Signs of an allergic reaction, like rash; hives; itching; red, swollen, blistered, or peeling skin with or without fever; wheezing; tightness in the chest or throat; trouble breathing, swallowing, or talking; unusual hoarseness; or swelling of the mouth, face, lips, tongue, or throat.
- New or worse behavior or mood changes like depression or thoughts of suicide.
- Feeling confused.
- Hallucinations (seeing or hearing things that are not there).
- Memory problems or loss.
- Change in balance.
- Numbness or tingling.
What are some other side effects of Sonata?
All drugs may cause side effects. However, many people have no side effects or only have minor side effects. Call your doctor or get medical help if any of these side effects or any other side effects bother you or do not go away:
These are not all of the side effects that may occur. If you have questions about side effects, call your doctor. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects.
You may report side effects to the FDA at 1-800-332-1088. You may also report side effects at https://www.fda.gov/medwatch.
If OVERDOSE is suspected:
If you think there has been an overdose, call your poison control center or get medical care right away. Be ready to tell or show what was taken, how much, and when it happened.
How do I store and/or throw out Sonata?
- Store at room temperature.
- Protect from light.
- Store in a dry place. Do not store in a bathroom.
- Keep all drugs in a safe place. Keep all drugs out of the reach of children and pets.
- Throw away unused or expired drugs. Do not flush down a toilet or pour down a drain unless you are told to do so. Check with your pharmacist if you have questions about the best way to throw out drugs. There may be drug take-back programs in your area.
Consumer information use
- If your symptoms or health problems do not get better or if they become worse, call your doctor.
- Do not share your drugs with others and do not take anyone else's drugs.
- This medicine comes with an extra patient fact sheet called a Medication Guide. Read it with care. Read it again each time Sonata (zaleplon) is refilled. If you have any questions about Sonata (zaleplon), please talk with the doctor, pharmacist, or other health care provider.
- If you think there has been an overdose, call your poison control center or get medical care right away. Be ready to tell or show what was taken, how much, and when it happened.
Always consult your healthcare provider to ensure the information displayed on this page applies to your personal circumstances.
Frequently Asked Questions
More about Sonata (zaleplon)
- Side Effects
- During Pregnancy or Breastfeeding
- Dosage Information
- Drug Images
- Drug Interactions
- En Español
- 65 Reviews
- Generic Availability
- Drug class: miscellaneous anxiolytics, sedatives and hypnotics
- FDA Alerts (2)