Generic Name: Ciprofloxacin Tablets (SIP roe FLOX a sin)
Brand Name: Cipro
Medically reviewed on Feb 9, 2019
- This medicine may cause very bad side effects. These include irritated or torn tendons; nerve problems in the arms, hands, legs, or feet; and nervous system problems. These side effects can happen alone or at the same time. They can happen within hours to weeks after starting this drug. Some of these side effects may not go away, and may lead to disability or death. Talk with the doctor.
- The chance of irritated or torn tendons is greater in people over the age of 60; heart, kidney, or lung transplant patients; or people taking steroid drugs. Tendon problems can happen as long as several months after treatment. Call your doctor right away if you have pain, bruising, or swelling in the back of the ankle, shoulder, hand, or other joints. Call you doctor right away if you are not able to move or bear weight on a joint or if you hear or feel a snap or pop.
- Call your doctor right away if you have signs of nerve problems. These may include not being able to handle heat or cold; change in sense of touch; or burning, numbness, tingling, pain, or weakness in the arms, hands, legs, or feet.
- Call your doctor right away if you have signs of nervous system problems. These may include anxiety, bad dreams, trouble sleeping, change in eyesight, dizziness, feeling confused, feeling nervous or agitated, feeling restless, hallucinations (seeing or hearing things that are not there), new or worse behavior or mood changes like depression or thoughts of killing yourself, seizures, or very bad headaches.
- Do not take if you have myasthenia gravis. Very bad and sometimes deadly breathing problems have happened with Cipro (ciprofloxacin tablets) in people who have myasthenia gravis.
- For some health problems, Cipro (ciprofloxacin tablets) is only for use when other drugs cannot be used or have not worked. Talk with the doctor to be sure that the benefits of Cipro (ciprofloxacin tablets) are more than the risks.
Uses of Cipro:
- It is used to treat or prevent bacterial infections.
What do I need to tell my doctor BEFORE I take Cipro?
- If you have an allergy to ciprofloxacin or any other part of Cipro (ciprofloxacin tablets).
- If you are allergic to any drugs like this one, any other drugs, foods, or other substances. Tell your doctor about the allergy and what signs you had, like rash; hives; itching; shortness of breath; wheezing; cough; swelling of face, lips, tongue, or throat; or any other signs.
- If you have any of these health problems: Long QTc on ECG or other heartbeat that is not normal, slow heartbeat, or low potassium or magnesium levels.
- If you have kidney problems.
- If you have heart failure (weak heart).
- If you have had a recent heart attack.
- If you have ever had any of these health problems: Nerve problems or tendon problems.
- If you have had tendons get irritated or torn when taking Cipro (ciprofloxacin tablets) or an alike drug in the past.
- If you have an aortic aneurysm (ballooning or bulging of the aorta, the main blood vessel that comes out of the heart) or you are at risk for this health problem. This includes if you have other blood vessel problems, high blood pressure, or certain health problems like Marfan syndrome or Ehlers-Danlos syndrome.
- If you have been taking any drugs to treat a heartbeat that is not normal.
- If you are taking any drugs that can cause a certain type of heartbeat that is not normal (prolonged QT interval). There are many drugs that can do this. Ask your doctor or pharmacist if you are not sure.
- If you are taking any of these drugs: Duloxetine, theophylline, tizanidine, or zolpidem.
- If you are breast-feeding or plan to breast-feed.
This is not a list of all drugs or health problems that interact with Cipro (ciprofloxacin tablets).
Tell your doctor and pharmacist about all of your drugs (prescription or OTC, natural products, vitamins) and health problems. You must check to make sure that it is safe for you to take Cipro (ciprofloxacin tablets) with all of your drugs and health problems. Do not start, stop, or change the dose of any drug without checking with your doctor.
What are some things I need to know or do while I take Cipro?
- Tell all of your health care providers that you take Cipro (ciprofloxacin tablets). This includes your doctors, nurses, pharmacists, and dentists.
- Avoid driving and doing other tasks or actions that call for you to be alert until you see how Cipro (ciprofloxacin tablets) affects you.
- Have your blood work checked if you are on Cipro (ciprofloxacin tablets) for a long time. Talk with your doctor.
- High and low blood sugar has happened with drugs like this one. Most of the time, low blood sugar happened in people with diabetes who were taking drugs that lower blood sugar like insulin. Very low blood sugar has led to coma and sometimes death. Check blood sugar as you have been told by the doctor.
- Tell your doctor if you have signs of high or low blood sugar like breath that smells like fruit, dizziness, fast breathing, fast heartbeat, feeling confused, feeling sleepy, feeling weak, flushing, headache, more thirsty or hungry, passing urine more often, shaking, or sweating.
- This medicine may affect how much of some other drugs are in your body. If you are taking other drugs, talk with your doctor. You may need to have your blood work checked more closely while taking Cipro (ciprofloxacin tablets) with your other drugs.
- Do not use longer than you have been told. A second infection may happen.
- Tell your doctor if you take a drug that has caffeine, or you eat or drink products that have caffeine, like tea, coffee, cola, or chocolate.
- You may get sunburned more easily. Avoid sun, sunlamps, and tanning beds. Use sunscreen and wear clothing and eyewear that protects you from the sun.
- Drink lots of noncaffeine liquids unless told to drink less liquid by your doctor.
- Very bad and sometimes deadly allergic side effects have rarely happened. Talk with your doctor.
- Rarely, very bad and sometimes deadly effects have happened with Cipro (ciprofloxacin tablets). These include muscle or joint, kidney, liver, blood, and other problems. Talk with the doctor if you have questions.
- A type of abnormal heartbeat (prolonged QT interval) can happen with Cipro (ciprofloxacin tablets). Call your doctor right away if you have a fast heartbeat, a heartbeat that does not feel normal, or if you pass out.
- Very bad and sometimes deadly liver problems have happened with Cipro (ciprofloxacin tablets). Call your doctor right away if you have signs of liver problems like dark urine, feeling tired, not hungry, upset stomach or stomach pain, light-colored stools, throwing up, or yellow skin or eyes.
- If you are over the age of 60, use Cipro (ciprofloxacin tablets) with care. You could have more side effects.
- Use care in children younger than 18 years of age. Talk with the doctor.
- Tell your doctor if you are pregnant or plan on getting pregnant. You will need to talk about the benefits and risks of using Cipro (ciprofloxacin tablets) while you are pregnant.
How is this medicine (Cipro) best taken?
Use Cipro (ciprofloxacin tablets) as ordered by your doctor. Read all information given to you. Follow all instructions closely.
- Take Cipro (ciprofloxacin tablets) at the same time of day.
- Take with or without food.
- Take with a full glass of water.
- Swallow whole. Do not chew, break, or crush.
- Do not take Cipro (ciprofloxacin tablets) along with dairy products, like milk or yogurt, or calcium-rich juices. This medicine may be taken with a full meal if the meal has these products.
- Take Cipro (ciprofloxacin tablets) 2 hours before or 6 hours after antacids, didanosine, lanthanum, sucralfate, quinapril, bismuth, sevelamer, multivitamins, or other products that contain magnesium, calcium, aluminum, iron, or zinc.
- To gain the most benefit, do not miss doses.
- Keep using Cipro (ciprofloxacin tablets) as you have been told by your doctor or other health care provider, even if you feel well.
What do I do if I miss a dose?
- Take a missed dose as soon as you think about it.
- If it is close to the time for your next dose, skip the missed dose and go back to your normal time.
- Do not take 2 doses at the same time or extra doses.
What are some side effects that I need to call my doctor about right away?
WARNING/CAUTION: Even though it may be rare, some people may have very bad and sometimes deadly side effects when taking a drug. Tell your doctor or get medical help right away if you have any of the following signs or symptoms that may be related to a very bad side effect:
- Signs of an allergic reaction, like rash; hives; itching; red, swollen, blistered, or peeling skin with or without fever; wheezing; tightness in the chest or throat; trouble breathing, swallowing, or talking; unusual hoarseness; or swelling of the mouth, face, lips, tongue, or throat.
- Signs of kidney problems like unable to pass urine, change in how much urine is passed, blood in the urine, or a big weight gain.
- Chest pain or pressure.
- Feeling very tired or weak.
- Shortness of breath.
- Any unexplained bruising or bleeding.
- Trouble walking.
- Vaginal itching or discharge.
- White patches in mouth.
- Fever or chills.
- Sore throat.
- Muscle pain or weakness.
- Not able to focus.
- Memory problems or loss.
- A very bad skin reaction (Stevens-Johnson syndrome/toxic epidermal necrolysis) may happen. It can cause very bad health problems that may not go away, and sometimes death. Get medical help right away if you have signs like red, swollen, blistered, or peeling skin (with or without fever); red or irritated eyes; or sores in your mouth, throat, nose, or eyes.
- It is common to have diarrhea when taking antibiotics. Rarely, a severe form of diarrhea called C diff–associated diarrhea (CDAD) may happen. Sometimes, this has led to a deadly bowel problem (colitis). CDAD may happen while you are taking an antibiotic or within a few months after you stop taking it. Call your doctor right away if you have stomach pain or cramps, very loose or watery stools, or bloody stools. Do not try to treat diarrhea without first checking with your doctor.
- Drugs like this one may raise the chance of a rare but severe problem with the main blood vessel that comes out of the heart (aorta). This includes tears or bursting of the aorta. This can lead to severe bleeding and even death. Call your doctor right away if you have sudden pain in the stomach, chest, or back that is severe and does not go away.
What are some other side effects of Cipro?
All drugs may cause side effects. However, many people have no side effects or only have minor side effects. Call your doctor or get medical help if any of these side effects or any other side effects bother you or do not go away:
- Upset stomach or throwing up.
These are not all of the side effects that may occur. If you have questions about side effects, call your doctor. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects.
You may report side effects to the FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088. You may also report side effects at http://www.fda.gov/medwatch.
If OVERDOSE is suspected:
If you think there has been an overdose, call your poison control center or get medical care right away. Be ready to tell or show what was taken, how much, and when it happened.
How do I store and/or throw out Cipro?
- Store at room temperature.
- Store in a dry place. Do not store in a bathroom.
- Keep all drugs in a safe place. Keep all drugs out of the reach of children and pets.
- Throw away unused or expired drugs. Do not flush down a toilet or pour down a drain unless you are told to do so. Check with your pharmacist if you have questions about the best way to throw out drugs. There may be drug take-back programs in your area.
Consumer information use
- If your symptoms or health problems do not get better or if they become worse, call your doctor.
- Do not share your drugs with others and do not take anyone else's drugs.
- Keep a list of all your drugs (prescription, natural products, vitamins, OTC) with you. Give this list to your doctor.
- Talk with the doctor before starting any new drug, including prescription or OTC, natural products, or vitamins.
- This medicine comes with an extra patient fact sheet called a Medication Guide. Read it with care. Read it again each time Cipro (ciprofloxacin tablets) is refilled. If you have any questions about Cipro (ciprofloxacin tablets), please talk with the doctor, pharmacist, or other health care provider.
- If you think there has been an overdose, call your poison control center or get medical care right away. Be ready to tell or show what was taken, how much, and when it happened.
Always consult your healthcare provider to ensure the information displayed on this page applies to your personal circumstances.
More about Cipro (ciprofloxacin)
- Cipro Side Effects
- During Pregnancy or Breastfeeding
- Dosage Information
- Patient Tips
- Drug Images
- Drug Interactions
- Compare Alternatives
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- Pricing & Coupons
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- 258 Reviews
- Generic Availability
- Drug class: quinolones
- FDA Alerts (7)
Other brands: Proquin XR