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Cipro Patient Tips

Written by C Fookes on Nov 22, 2016

How it works

  • Cipro is a brand (trade) name for ciprofloxacin. Ciprofloxacin is an antibiotic used to treat a wide range of infections.
  • Cipro belongs to a group of medicines known as fluoroquinolones (also called quinolones).


  • Treats a wide range of infections such as those occurring in the urinary tract, prostate, respiratory tract, sinuses, bones and joints, abdomen, and genital area.


If you are between the ages of 18 and 60, take no other medication or have no other medical conditions, side effects you are more likely to experience include:

  • Joint pain, diarrhea, nausea, vomiting, and rash.
  • Like other quinolones, Cipro is associated with an increased risk of tendinitis and tendon rupture at all ages. Seniors over 60, people taking corticosteroids or with a history of organ transplants are at increased risk.
  • Not usually a drug of first choice for children as children are more susceptible to the adverse effects of Cipro.
  • May exacerbate muscle weakness in people with myasthenia gravis.
  • Serious, sometimes life-threatening, adverse reactions such as liver damage and allergic reactions have been occasionally reported.
  • May trigger seizures or increase the risk of having a seizure.
  • May also cause anxiety, insomnia, psychotic reactions, nausea, nerve pain or loss of feeling, ECG abnormalities, increase sensitivity to light and other effects.

Notes: In general, seniors or children, people with certain medical conditions (such as liver or kidney problems, heart disease, diabetes, seizures) or people who take other medications are more at risk of developing a wider range of side effects. For a complete list of all side effects, click here.

Bottom Line

Cipro is an effective antibiotic that treats a wide variety of infections; however, use is restricted in children and it carries a risk of tendinitis or tendon rupture.


  • Take exactly as directed and for the duration intended.
  • Only use when prescribed by a doctor to treat infections caused by susceptible bacteria as improper use increases the chance of resistant bacteria developing.
  • Do not take Cipro within two hours of magnesium/aluminum-containing antacids or other products containing calcium, iron or zinc. Other products may also affect absorption (check product information).
  • Avoid administration of Cipro with dairy products (eg, milk or yogurt) or calcium-fortified juices alone; however, Cipro may be taken with meals that contain calcium.
  • Protect yourself from sunlight and avoid excessive exposure to the sun when taking Cipro.
  • Keep well hydrated when taking Cipro to avoid the formation of highly concentrated urine.
  • Discontinue if pain, swelling, inflammation or tendon rupture occurs and seek immediate medical advice.
  • Discontinue immediately if a skin rash, yellowing of the skin, dark urine, itchiness, or allergy symptoms develop.
  • Seek medical advice if chronic diarrhea develops during or following Cipro.

Response and Effectiveness

Peak concentrations are reached one to two hours after dosing; however, it may take up to 48 hours before infection-related symptoms start to abate.


Cipro (ciprofloxacin) [Package Insert] Revised 07/2016 Bayer HealthCare Pharmaceuticals Inc

  • Remember, keep this and all other medicines out of the reach of children, never share your medicines with others, and use Cipro only for the indication prescribed.

  • Disclaimer: Every effort has been made to ensure that this information is accurate, up-to-date, and complete, but no guarantee is made to that effect. Drug information contained herein may be time sensitive. This drug information does not endorse drugs, diagnose patients or recommend therapy. It is an informational resource designed as a supplement to, and not a substitute for, the expertise, skill, knowledge and judgment of healthcare practitioners. The absence of a warning for a given drug or drug combination in no way should be construed to indicate that the drug or drug combination is safe, effective or appropriate for any given patient. does not assume any responsibility for any aspect of healthcare administered with the aid of this information. The information contained herein is not intended to cover all possible uses, directions, precautions, warnings, drug interactions, allergic reactions, or adverse effects. If you have questions about the drugs you are taking, check with your doctor, nurse or pharmacist.

Copyright 1996-2017 Revision Date: 2016-11-23 00:00:00